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UAZ-452 of the Soviet Army Road Police
|Manufacturer||Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant|
|Also called||Буханка (Bukhanka or pan loaf), Таблетка (Tabletka or tablet (Pill)) or Golovastik (Tadpole)|
|Body and chassis|
Max.speed 95 km/h
• Ground clearance: 220 mm
|Kerb weight||1,760 kg|
The UAZ-452 is a family of off-road vans produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant (UAZ) since 1965. Its predecessor model UAZ-450 (produced between 1958-1966) was based on the chassis and engine of the GAZ-69 jeep, and was the first "forward control" vehicle of this type to be built in the Soviet Union and Russia.
Vehicles produced between 1965–1979 were equipped with old-style lights: turn signal lights were colorless (white), rear lights were round, and the back of the body was rounder. Subsequent post-1979 models got amber (yellow) signal lights, and rear lights were slightly bigger and rectangular.
In 1985 the van was upgraded and spun off into separate submodels: 39625, 3962, 3303, 3909 and 2206. The upgrade consisted of lighting fixtures that met modern international requirements, alarms, a new instrument panel, and a new speedometer. The brakes were redesigned. The engine was also upgraded, and its power output increased to 99 hp against the previous 78 hp.
In the early 2000s, the model was given new plastic side mirrors taken from the GAZ GAZelle van, headrests on front seats; and new passenger seats for a minibus version (2206) were also given headrests. The pickup truck (version 3303) was fitted with a metal body instead of a wooden one.
In subsequent years, the engine was upgraded to the current environmental requirements, and the van provided with an injury-reducing plastic steering wheel.
In March 2011, models 39625, 3962, and 2206 received upgrades, consisting of ABS brakes, power steering, seat belts and the Euro-4 engine as standard equipment.
Because of the external similarities to a loaf of bread, the van became known as Буханка (bukhanka, loaf) in Russian. The ambulance version was nicknamed Таблетка (tabletka, a pill). The van is produced in several modifications, with the main difference being the body type (e.g. UAZ-3741 van (known as bukhanka), or the UAZ-3303 pickup truck, which is known as golovastik, tadpole).
The body of the van is normally equipped with two front doors, a single-wing door on the right side and a double-wing door at the rear, although the exact configuration can vary depending on the specific modification. Notable in the van are the fuel ports on the left and the right side of the van, leading to two separate fuel tanks.
The engine, placed between the left hand driver and the front-seat passenger, was the same 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ 452MI inline four as the UAZ-469, and was able to run on gasoline of as low as 72 octane (76 was preferred).
The UAZ-452 is a 4×4 off-road heir to the earlier 4×2 UAZ-451. Serial production of UAZ-452 started in 1965 and continues to this day.
- UAZ-452 – van, the main version
- UAZ-452A – ambulance, aka "санитарка" (the medic lady), popularly nicknamed the "таблетка" ("tablet" or "pill"). The van could seat up to 4 stretchers or 6 on the benches and one accompanying both. The vehicle was not comfortable for people on the move, as suspension in the submodel remained that of the standard model, but this van was, and in many places is still the only ambulance vehicle that can reach some of the most remote places.
- UAZ-452AS – ambulance for Arctic areas
- UAZ-452AE – chassis cab for installation of various equipment
- UAZ-452V – convertible van wagon
- UAZ-452D – a truck with double cab and wooden body
- UAZ-452DG – experimental 6x6 version
- UAZ-452G – ambulance with different capacity from the UAZ-452A
- UAZ-452K – experimental 16-seater three-axle bus (6×4) (1973).
- UAZ-452P – tractor
List of current UAZ-452 models:
- UAZ-2206 – 6 to 11 seat Minibus
- UAZ–22069 – a modification of the UAZ-2206 with a 98-horsepower engine UMZ-4218.10, increasing to 2.9 liters volume. Rough terrain buses provide permanent all-wheel drive and increased ground clearance. The maximum speed of 110-115 kph.
- UAZ-3303 (UAZ452D) Golovastik – pickup truck with a 2-person all-metal cab
- UAZ-3741 – all-metal cargo van capable of carrying loads up to 850 kg
- UAZ-3909 – "фермер" (farmer), Combi which carries 6 passengers and 450 kg of cargo; the rear compartment is separated from the front (driver's) row with a window.
- UAZ-3909i – military ambulance with a red cross on the roof and bonnet
- UAZ-3962 – "sanitarka" ambulance, can accommodate up to 9 people or equivalent load.
- UAZ-39625 – strict passenger and cargo version of the UAZ-3962. Differs from the 3909 version in the fact that the 3909 version has real and stationary passenger seats, and a separate not glassed-in cargo compartment behind the passenger compartment; and a fully glazed version 39625 has seats installed in the cargo hold, and the sides have a hinged bench.
- UAZ-39094 – crewcab pickup truck with a 10 cm metal platform with a wooden floor equipped with a removable frame tent and awning, 3 dropsides. Cargo bed replaceable by utility and special service bodies.
|Number of seats||2||2||8-11||8||7||5|
|Number of doors||2||4||4||4||4||3|
|Length, mm (ft)||4474||4440||4440||4440||4440||4847|
|Width, mm (ft)||2100||2100||2100||2100||2100||2100|
|Height, mm (ft)||2355||2101||2101||2101||2101||2355|
|Wheelbase, mm (ft)||2550||2300||2300||2300||2300||2550|
|Clearance, mm (ft)||220||220||220||220||220||220|
|Fording depth, mm (ft)||500||500||500||500||500||500|
|Curb weight, kg||1845||1805||1940||1805||1905||1995|
|Gross weight, kg||3070||2730||2790||2730||2830||3070|
|Fuel||petrol (gas)||petrol (gas)||petrol (gas)||petrol (gas)||petrol (gas)||petrol (gas)|
|Engine displacement in liters.||2,7||2,7||2,7||2,7||2,7||2,7|
|Maximum power, hp (kW)||112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min||112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min||112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min||112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min||112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min||112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min|
|Maximum torque, Nm||208 at 3000 rev / min||208 at 3000 rev / min||208 at 3000 rev / min||208 at 3000 rev / min||208 at 3000 rev / min||208 at 3000 rev / min|
|Maximum speed, km / h (m/h)||115||127||127||127||127||127|
|Fuel consumption at 90 km / h, l / 100 km||15,4||13,5||13,5||13,5||13,5||17|
|Capacity fuel tanks, l||50||77||77||77||77||50|
|Gearbox||Manual, 5-speed||Manual, 5-speed||Manual, 5-speed||Manual, 5-speed||Manual, 5-speed||Manual, 5-speed|
|Brakes||dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum||dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum||dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum||dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum||dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum||dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum|
|Tyres||225 / 75 R 16||225 / 75 R 16||225 / 75 R 16||225 / 75 R 16||225 / 75 R 16||225 / 75 R 16|
UAZ-3909 Emergency Gas Service
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to UAZ-452.|
This article has been brought over from the Russian Wikipedia article.
- http://uaz.rustina.cz/LITERATURA/KATALOG_NAHRADNICH_DILU_3741.pdf Parts Catalogue p. 53
- Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.178.
- Де Агостини Автолегенды СССР  (Avtolegendy USSR). УАЗ-452 Moscow ISSN 2071-095X