USS Cassiopeia (AK-75)
Broadside view of USS Cassiopeia (AK-75) off San Francisco, 19 December 1942.
|Ordered:||as a Type EC2-S-C1 hull, MCE hull 504|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Laid down:||13 October 1942|
|Launched:||15 November 1942|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. C. F. Calhoun|
|Acquired:||27 November 1942|
|Commissioned:||8 December 1942|
|Decommissioned:||21 November 1945|
|Struck:||5 December 1945|
|1 × battle star|
|Fate:||laid up in National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River Group, Lee Hall, Virginia, 21 November 1945|
|Status:||disposed of as a target by USS Cutlass (SS-478), in the VACAPES area, date unknown|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
USS Cassiopeia (AK-75) was a Crater-class cargo ship in the service of the US Navy in World War II. She was the only ship of to bear this name. She is named after the northern hemisphere constellation Cassiopeia.
Cassiopeia was launched 15 November 1942 as liberty ship SS Melville W. Fuller by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MCE hull 504; sponsored by Mrs. C. F. Calhoun; acquired by the Navy 27 November 1942; and commissioned 8 December 1942, Lieutenant Commander William E. Carlson in command.
Cassiopeia sailed from San Francisco 21 December 1942 with cargo for Nouméa, where she arrived 12 January 1943. From this base, she offered essential support to the operations in the consolidation of the northern Solomons, carrying the varied necessities of war throughout the South Pacific. Between 19 June and 11 July, the cargo ship voyaged to Auckland, New Zealand, to reload, then returned with voyages from Nouméa to Guadalcanal until 9 August. Another resupply mission and a brief repair period in New Zealand preceded her resumption of South Pacific operations in November.
This pattern of ferrying vital supplies in the South Pacific alternating with voyages to New Zealand to reload continued until 6 June 1945, when Cassiopeia cleared Auckland for San Francisco, the Panama Canal Zone, and Norfolk, where she arrived 25 October.
The cargo ship was decommissioned 21 November 1945, and transferred to MARCOM for disposal the same day.
- "Cassiopeia". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 13 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Kaiser Permanente No. 1, Richmond CA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "USS Cassiopeia (AK-75)". Navsource.org. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "MELVILLE W. FULLER". United States Department of Tranportation. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Photo gallery of Cassiopeia (AK-75) at NavSource Naval History