USS Carina (AK-74)
USS Carina (AK-74), anchored after a Japanese suicide boat attack at Okinawa, 4 May 1945.
|Ordered:||as a Type EC2-S-C1 hull, MCE hull 502|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Laid down:||30 September 1942|
|Launched:||6 November 1942|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. A. R. Olds|
|Acquired:||20 November 1942|
|Commissioned:||1 December 1942|
|Decommissioned:||16 October 1945|
|Struck:||1 November 1945|
|3 × battle stars|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 1 February 1952|
|Status:||scrapping completed, 20 March 1953|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
The USS Carina (AK-74) was a Crater-class cargo ship, and the only ship of the US Navy to have this name. She was named for the southern constellation Carina, with most of her sister ships being named for constellations or stars.
Carina was laid down 30 September 1942, as the liberty ship SS David Davis under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 502, launched on 6 November 1942, by Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. 1, Richmond, California. She was sponsored by Mrs. A. R. Olds; transferred to the Navy on 20 November 1942, and commissioned on 1 December 1942, with Lieutenant Commander J. I. MacPherson, USNR, in command.
Carina departed from San Francisco Bay on 14 December 1942, laden with cargo for Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal in the South Pacific Ocean. At Guadalcanal, she unloaded her cargo between 23 January and 4 February 1943, bringing support to the last phases of the campaign for that island. Operating to aid in the consolidation of the southern Solomon Islands, she steamed between the main port of Espiritu Santo and Purvis Bay, Tulagi, Tongatapu, and Tagoma Point. On 3 March, while she was unloading at Tulagi, she endured two air attacks. Several near misses with bombs occurred, spraying her with shrapnel and wounding six of her crewmen.
After repairs at Espiritu Santo, Carina resumed her cargo runs until May 1943, when she steamed to Australia, arriving on 30 May for engine repairs and to replenish at the ports of Townsville, Sydney, and Melbourne. She next carried cargo for US Marine Corps units that were training in New Zealand, arriving at the port of Auckland in August. Next, she returned to her supply runs closer to the combat zone in the South Pacific. She added the Fiji Islands, the Russell Islands, New Guinea, the Admiralty Islands and Norfolk Island to her list of Pacific Island delivery ports. Carina continued her cargo missions until 12 July 1943, when she departed from Espiritu Santo and steamed home for an overhaul and crewmen's leave at San Francisco, California.
This shipyard overhaul prepared Carina for service with distant voyages in support of the Liberation of the Philippines. Among other tasks, she carried pontoons from Pearl Harbor to Ulithi Atoll between 2 October 1944 and 31 December 1944. Returning to San Francisco for further repairs and upgrades, she went asea towards the combat areas again on 9 March 1945. She arrived in the dangerous combat waters off Okinawa on 26 April, and on 4 May, she became the target of a determined Japanese suicide boat, which successfully rammed Carina. This ramming produced a violent explosion on her port side, knocked out one of her boilers, and flooded one of her holds. Six crewmen of Carina's were injured by the explosion. Skillful damage control saved both Carina and her cargo, and she was able to complete unloading her cargo at Okinawa before departing for temporary repairs at the Navy base at Ulithi Atoll. Carina returned to the West Coast of the United States for an overhaul in July, and the war ended in August before her services were needed again. On 17 October 1945, she was decommissioned at Suisun Bay, California, and she was delivered to the War Shipping Administration for long-term storage.
Carina was sold to National Metal and Steel Corporation, for $171,711.17 on 1 February 1952, for scrapping. She was removed from the Suisun Bay Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, California, 7 April 1952. Her scrapping was completed 20 March 1953.
- "Carina". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 13 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Kaiser Permanente No. 1, Richmond CA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "USS Carina (AK-74)". Navsource.org. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "Carina". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "David Davis". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Photo gallery of Carina (AK-74) at NavSource Naval History