USS Ganymede (AK-104)
USS Ganymede (AK-104) (broadside plan view) in San Francisco Bay, 16 August 1943.
|Name:||James W. Nye
|Namesake:||James W. Nye
|Ordered:||as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 1571, SS James W. Nye|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Laid down:||16 May 1943|
|Launched:||8 June 1943|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. William C. Dalby|
|Acquired:||23 June 1943|
|Commissioned:||31 July 1943|
|Decommissioned:||15 April 1946|
|Struck:||1 August 1947|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 19 March 1973, to Tung Ho Steel Enterprise Corp|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,023 long tons (4,088 t) (standard)
14,550 long tons (14,780 t) (full load)
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Installed power:||2,500 shp (1,900 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Combustion Engineering header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
1 × Joshua Hendy Iron Works triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
1 × shaft
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (130 mm)/38 caliber dual purpose gun
2 × 40 mm (1.6 in) 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun mounts
6 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons anti-aircraft gun mounts
USS Ganymede (AK-104) was an Crater-class cargo ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the war zone.
Ganymede, formerly merchant ship SS James W. Nye, was launched under Maritime Commission contract 8 June 1943, by the Permanente Metals Corp., Richmond, California; sponsored by Mrs. William C. Dalby of Oakland, California; acquired 23 June 1943; commissioned 31 July 1943, Lieutenant Commander Glenn H. Melichar in command.
World War II Pacific Theater operations
After shakedown training out of Oakland, California, Ganymede departed San Francisco, California, 28 August 1943 carrying military cargo to Pallikulo Bay, New Hebrides, and to Queensland, Melbourne, and Sydney, Australia. The ship was one of five Navy manned Liberties assigned 8 December 1943 to the Southwest Pacific Area for service under operational control of the Commander, Seventh Fleet in meeting Army requirements. Assigned to the U.S. 7th Fleet Service Force, she sailed from Queensland on 29 November 1943 with fuel, supplies, and passengers for Milne and Langemak Bays, New Guinea and thence returned to Australia.
During the next 12 months she transported military cargo of many types and provided limited passenger service from ports of Australia to bases in New Guinea, including Humboldt Bay, Milne Bay, Cape Sudest and Tanahmerah Bay. Her itinerary was expanded in February 1945 to include Leyte, Manila, Subic Bay and Samar in the Philippines, with occasional calls at Manus, Admiralty Islands.
Ganymede continued her busy Australia–New Guinea–Philippines–Australia supply circuit until 20 November when she departed Brisbane, Australia for the United States arriving San Francisco 18 December. She remained in port until 25 February 1946 when she sailed for Pearl Harbor to take part in special explosive tests prior to her decommissioning there 15 April 1946.
Towed back to San Francisco, her name was struck from the Navy List 1 August 1947 and she was returned to WSA on 1 October 1947 and entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, California, where she remained until she was scrapped in 1973.
Military awards and honors
Ganymede crew members were eligible for the following medals:
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- Masterson 1949, pp. 359, 390 (fn 61).
- Masterson, Dr. James R. (1949). U. S. Army Transportation In The Southwest Pacific Area 1941-1947. Washington, D. C.: Transportation Unit, Historical Division, Special Staff, U. S. Army.
- "Ganymede". DANFS. U.S. Naval Historical Center. Retrieved 2008-03-17.
- Photo gallery of Ganymede at NavSource Naval History