USS Iwo Jima (LHD-7)
USS Iwo Jima (LHD-7) pulls into Pier 88 after sailing up the Hudson River to kick off Fleet Week 2002 in New York City, 22 May 2002
|Name:||USS Iwo Jima|
|Namesake:||Battle of Iwo Jima|
|Ordered:||28 February 1995|
|Laid down:||12 December 1997|
|Launched:||4 February 2000|
|Sponsored by:||Zandra Krulak, wife of Commandant of the Marine Corps, Charles C. Krulak|
|Christened:||25 March 2000|
|Commissioned:||30 June 2001|
|Homeport:||Naval Station Mayport|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2015[update]|
|Class and type:||Wasp-class amphibious assault ship|
|Displacement:||40,530 long tons (41,180 t) full load|
|Length:||844 ft (257 m)|
|Beam:||110 ft (34 m)|
|Draft:||30 ft (9.1 m)|
|Propulsion:||Geared Steam Turbines|
|Speed:||22 knots (25 mph; 41 km/h)|
|Complement:||73 Officers, 1009 Enlisted|
|Armament:||• Sea Sparrow missile systems
• Rolling Airframe Missile systems
• Phalanx CIWS
• 25 mm Mk 38 cannons
• .50-cal machine guns
|Aircraft carried:||Mix of 30 helicopters, 6–8 AV/ 8B Harrier II|
Fabrication work for Iwo Jima began at Ingalls shipyard on 3 September 1996, and the ship's keel was laid on 12 December 1997. At the keel laying ceremony, Pfc. Jacklyn H. Lucas, who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Iwo Jima, placed his Medal of Honor citation in the hull of the ship, where it remains today. She was launched on 4 February 2000. USS Iwo Jima was christened by her sponsor, Mrs. Zandra Krulak, wife of General Charles C. Krulak, the former Commandant of the Marine Corps, in Pascagoula, Mississippi on 25 March 2000. The commissioning crew moved aboard in April 2001, and made the ship's maiden voyage on 23 June 2001, accompanied by more than 2,000 World War II veterans — many of them survivors of the Battle of Iwo Jima. She was commissioned a week later in Pensacola, Florida, on 30 June 2001.
Shortly thereafter, the ship and crew began an accelerated Inter Deployment Training Cycle, which tested virtually every system on board in realistic combat conditions. Iwo Jima was also the first ship on the waterfront open to the public after the terrorist attacks of September 11.
The Iwo Jima and the Marines of the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (26 MEU) along with two other amphibious assault ships formed the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group. The Iwo Jima left port on 4 March 2003 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and deployed Marines in April 2003 from the Mediterranean Sea into Northern Iraq for the Iraq War. In July 2003, the Iwo Jima deployed to the coast of Liberia as part of JTF Liberia in response to the Second Liberian Civil War. During this operation, the Southern European Task Force (SETAF) as the command element of JTF Liberia and the Iwo Jima with the 26 MEU landed Marines in Liberia to perform humanitarian assessments. "At its height, JTF Liberia consisted of over 5,000 service members from the SETAF headquarters, the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit, the three-ship Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group, 3rd Air Force's 398th Air Expeditionary Group, U.S. Army Europe's 21st Theater Support Command, and Army Special Forces."
USS Iwo Jima served as the 2nd Fleet flagship in 2005, based out of Norfolk, Virginia.
On 31 August 2005, the Iwo Jima was sortied to the Gulf of Mexico to provide disaster relief and to conduct support operations in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. The Iwo Jima sailed up the Mississippi River to the city of New Orleans to directly support relief operations and act as the central command center for all federal, state and local disaster recovery operations.
During this critical period, the Iwo Jima also served as the region’s only fully functional air field for helicopter operations, conducting over one thousand flight deck operations; provided hot meals, showers, drinking water, and berthing to thousands of National Guardsmen and relief workers; provided medical services, including first aid and surgical services, for disaster victims; and conducted clean-up operations in the city and suburbs of New Orleans.
The Iwo Jima served as flagship for the Commander-in-Chief, George W. Bush, during Hurricane Katrina Joint Task Force, and is only the second Navy ship to have been presented the flag of the President of the United States.
On 6 June 2006, the Iwo Jima left its homeport of Norfolk, Virginia, and began a regularly scheduled six-month deployment to the U.S. European Command and U.S. Central Command area of responsibilities, as flagship for the Iwo Jima Expeditionary Strike Group, encompasing 6,000 Sailors and Marines. The ship has also been a part of the evacuation effort of American citizens from the conflict in Lebanon.
News reports on 15 July 2006 stated that the Iwo Jima, flagship of the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, would be used to evacuate U. S. citizens from Lebanon after the Israeli Defense Force made the Beirut International Airport unusable through bombing its runways and fuel storage areas. This exercise was completed by 1st Battalion 8th Marines under the 2nd Marine Division, the same unit that was attacked in the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing.
On 27 March 2012, Iwo Jima was deployed as part of the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group with Marines from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit supporting maritime security operations and security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 5th and 6th Fleet areas of responsibility.
On 11 April 2012, an MV-22 from VMM-261 crashed near Agadir, Morocco, during a joint training exercise after taking off from USS Iwo Jima. Two US Marine crew Chief's were killed and the two pilots were seriously injured.
In November 2012, Iwo Jima was dispatched to the eastern Mediterranean, during escalating warfare between Israel and Hamas, in case the evacuation of U.S. citizens from Israel was required, delaying the scheduled return to Norfolk of the Iwo Jima.
In August 2014, Iwo Jima shifted homeport to Mayport.
In January 2015, the Iwo Jima and USS Fort McHenry were positioned off the coast of Yemen on standby to evacuate the staff of the US embassy should the need arise due to the collapse of the Yemeni government.
The ship's motto, Uncommon Valor, is based on Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz's words when he spoke of Sailors and Marines who fought at Iwo Jima: "Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island uncommon valor was a common virtue."
- Negrete, Daniel (November 10, 2010). "Marines, sailors celebrate 235th USMC birthday aboard USS Iwo Jima". Defense Video & Imagery Distribution System. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010.
- "USS Iwo Jima Deploys to Haiti". 3 November 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Schemm, Paul (Associated Press). "2 US Marines killed, 2 injured in Morocco." Google News, 11 April 2012. Retrieved: 12 April 2012.
- Majumdar, Dave. "Two killed in USMC MV-22 accident in Morocco." Flight International, 11 April 2012. Retrieved: 13 April 2012.
- "Two U.S. Marines killed in Morocco helicopter crash" BNO News, 12 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 144945" Aviation Safety Network, 15 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "U.S. sends warships near Israel in case evacuation needed" CNN, 19 November 2012.
- "Secretary of the Navy Announces Early Move for Amphibious Ready Group."
- Starr, Barbara (20 January 2015). "Pentagon in position to evacuate U.S. Embassy in Yemen". CNN. Retrieved 2015-01-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Iwo Jima (LHD-7).|
- Official website
- Maritimequest USS Iwo Jima LHD-7 Photo Gallery
- USS Iwo Jima history at U.S. Carriers