D. Udaya Kumar
D. Udaya Kumar
|Occupation||Associate professor and Head of Department of Design, IIT Guwahati|
|Known for||The designer of the Indian rupee sign (2010)|
|Indian rupee sign|
Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam is an Indian academic and designer noted for his design of the Indian rupee sign. His design was selected from among five short listed symbols. According to Kumar, the design is based on the Indian tricolour.
Kumar attended La Chatelaine junior college in Chennai. He obtained a bachelor's degree in architecture (B.Arch) from the School of Architecture and Planning (SAP) at Anna University, Chennai in 2001. Subsequently he received his master's degree, an MDes in Visual Communication, from the Industrial Design Centre (IDC) of IIT Bombay in 2003. He also did his doctoral studies at the IDC, receiving his PhD in 2010.
He has also designed a Tamil font named "Parashakti" as a mini project at the IDC, under the guidance of Prof. G. V. Sreekumar, who is one of the few font experts in the country. During his MDes project he wrote and designed a book on Tamil typography, which is the first attempt at bringing such a subject to a Tamil audience. In this book, Kumar also created new Tamil terminology for many typographic terms where English words were used.[failed verification][better source needed]
Kumar conceptualised the design for Rupee symbol for Indian currency. The symbol is designed using the Devanagari letter र 'Ra' and Roman capital letter 'R'. The letters are derived from the word Rupiah in Hindi and Rupees in English, so the symbol is meaningful to both Indians and international users. The symbol also uses the Shiro Rekha, the horizontal top line which is unique to Indian Devanagari script. The two horizontal lines form an "equals" sign, which also evokes the tri-color Indian flag. Ambika Soni approved the new rupee symbol on 15 July 2010. Udaya Kumar was awarded prize money of ₹250,000 for his efforts.
- "Rupee gets a new symbol". Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "Final Selection for the Symbol for Indian Rupee – List of Five Entries: Ministry of Finance, Government of India". Finmin.nic.in. Archived from the original on 25 July 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "I hit upon representative Devanagari, says winner". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 16 July 2010.
- "Department of Design, IIT Guwahati". Iitg.ernet.in. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
- "'My son has brought glory to TN'". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "D. Udaya Kumar (personal home page)". IIT Mumbai.