United States Senate elections, 1798 and 1799

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United States Senate elections, 1798 and 1799
United States
1796 / 1797 ←
Dates vary by state → 1800 / 1801

11 of the 32 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
17 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Last election 21 seats 10 seats
Seats before 22 10
Seats won 5 6
Seats after 23 9
Seat change Steady Steady
Seats up 5 6

Majority party before election

Federalist

Elected Majority party

Federalist

The United States Senate elections of 1798 and 1799, occurred during the middle of President John Adams's administration and had no net change in political control of the Senate.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results summary[edit]

Senate Party Division, 6th Congress (1799–1801)

  • Majority Party: Federalist (22)
  • Minority Party: Democratic-Republican (9)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 31

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

After the January 19, 1798 election in Delaware.

DR6
Ran
DR5
Ran
DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7
Ran
DR8
Ran
DR9
Unknown
DR10
Retired
F22
Retired
F21
Retired
F20
Ran
F19
Ran
F18
Ran
F17
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Results of the elections[edit]

DR6
Re-elected
DR5
Re-elected
DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7
Re-elected
DR8
Hold
DR9
Hold
DR10
Hold
F22
Hold
F21
Hold
F20
Re-elected
F19
Re-elected
F18
Re-elected
F17
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7 DR8 DR9 V1
Died
F22 F21 F20 F19 F18 F17
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 5th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated before March 4, 1799; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
New York
(Class 1)
Philip Schuyler Federalist 1789
1797
Incumbent resigned January 3, 1798.
Winner elected January 11, 1798.
Federalist hold.
Winner later resigned, see below.
John Sloss Hobart (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware
(Class 2)
John Vining Federalist 1792 Incumbent resigned January 19, 1798.
Winner elected January 19, 1798.
Federalist hold.
Winner died August 11, 1798, see below.
Joshua Clayton (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York
(Class 1)
William North Federalist May 1798 (Appointed) Predecessor resigned to become Judge of the U.S. District Court of New York.
Interim appointee served until winner qualified.
Winner elected August 17, 1798.
Federalist hold.
James Watson (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 2)
John Hunter Democratic-
Republican
1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 26, 1798.
Winner elected December 6, 1798.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner also elected to next term, see below.
Charles Pinckney (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee
(Class 1)
Daniel Smith Democratic-
Republican
October 1798 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired when successor qualified.
Winner elected December 12, 1798.
Winner qualified upon retirement from other Senate seat on March 3, 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Anderson (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware
(Class 2)
Joshua Clayton Federalist 1798 Died August 11, 1798.
Winner elected January 17, 1799.
Federalist hold.
Winner also elected to next term, see below.
William H. Wells (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the 6th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1799; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Delaware William H. Wells Federalist January 1799 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1799. William H. Wells (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia Josiah Tattnall Democratic-
Republican
1796 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected in 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Abraham Baldwin (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky John Brown Democratic-
Republican
1792 (New seat)
1792
Incumbent re-elected in 1799. John Brown (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Theodore Sedgwick Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired to run for the U.S. House of Representatives.
Winner elected in 1799.
Federalist hold.
Samuel Dexter (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire Samuel Livermore Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected in 1798. Samuel Livermore (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey Richard Stockton Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1799.
Federalist hold.
Jonathan Dayton (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina Alexander Martin Democratic-
Republican
1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected December 12, 1798.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jesse Franklin (Democratic-Republican)
Alexander Martin (Democratic-Republica)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island Ray Greene Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1799. Ray Greene (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina Charles Pinckney Democratic-
Republican
1798 Incumbent re-elected December 6, 1798. Charles Pinckney (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee Joseph Anderson Democratic-
Republican
1797 (Special) Incumbent retired when elected to the Class 1 seat (see above).
Winner elected in 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Cocke (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia Henry Tazewell Democratic-
Republican
1794 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1798.
Incumbent died January 24, 1799 before the term began.
Henry Tazewell (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the 6th Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated after March 4, 1799, the beginning of the next Congress.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Virginia
(Class 2)
  Incumbent Henry Tazewell (DR) had been re-elected in 1798 but died January 24, 1799 before the term began.
Winner elected December 5, 1799.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Wilson C. Nicholas (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]