2020 United States Senate elections

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2020 United States Senate elections

← 2018 November 3, 2020 2022 →

35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Mitch McConnell 2016 official photo (cropped).jpg Chuck Schumer official photo (cropped).jpg
Leader Mitch McConnell Chuck Schumer
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since January 3, 2007 January 3, 2017
Leader's seat Kentucky New York
Current seats 53 45
Seats needed Steady Increase 3 or 4[a]
Seats up 23 12

 
Party Independent
Current seats 2[b]
Seats up 0

2020 United States Senate special election in Georgia2020 United States Senate election in Alabama2020 United States Senate election in Alaska2020 United States Senate special election in Arizona2020 United States Senate election in Arkansas2020 United States Senate election in Colorado2020 United States Senate election in Delaware2020 United States Senate election in Georgia2020 United States Senate election in Idaho2020 United States Senate election in Illinois2020 United States Senate election in Iowa2020 United States Senate election in Kansas2020 United States Senate election in Kentucky2020 United States Senate election in Louisiana2020 United States Senate election in Maine2020 United States Senate election in Massachusetts2020 United States Senate election in Michigan2020 United States Senate election in Minnesota2020 United States Senate election in Mississippi2020 United States Senate election in Montana2020 United States Senate election in Nebraska2020 United States Senate election in New Hampshire2020 United States Senate election in New Jersey2020 United States Senate election in New Mexico2020 United States Senate election in North Carolina2020 United States Senate election in Oklahoma2020 United States Senate election in Oregon2020 United States Senate election in Rhode Island2020 United States Senate election in South Carolina2020 United States Senate election in South Dakota2020 United States Senate election in Tennessee2020 United States Senate election in Texas2020 United States Senate election in Virginia2020 United States Senate election in West Virginia2020 United States Senate election in WyomingUnited States Senate elections, 2020.svg
About this image
Map of the incumbents running and retiring:
     Democratic incumbent running      Republican incumbent running
     Democratic incumbent retiring      Republican incumbent retiring
     No election
Rectangular inset (Ga.): both Republican incumbents running

Incumbent Majority Leader

Mitch McConnell
Republican



The 2020 United States Senate elections will be held on November 3, 2020,[1] with the 33 class 2 seats of the Senate being contested in regular elections.[2] The winners will be elected to six-year terms extending from January 3, 2021, to January 3, 2027.[3] There will also be two special elections: one in Arizona to fill the vacancy created by the death of John McCain in 2018 and one in Georgia following the resignation of Johnny Isakson at the end of 2019.[4][5]

In the 2014 United States Senate elections (the last regularly scheduled elections for class 2 Senate seats), the Republicans won nine seats from the Democrats and gained a majority in the Senate.[6] Republicans defended that majority in 2016[7] and 2018, and now hold 53 Senate seats. Democrats hold 45 seats, and independents caucusing with the Democratic Party hold two seats.[8]

Including the special elections in Arizona and Georgia, Republicans will be defending 23 seats in 2020, while the Democratic Party will be defending 12 seats.[9] Democrats will need to pick up three or four seats to gain a majority, depending on which party wins control of the vice presidency.[a][10]

Election summary[edit]

Parties Total
Democratic Independent Republican
Last election (2018) 45 2 53 100
Before this election 45 2 53 100
Not up 33 2 30 65
Class 1 (20182024) 21 2 10 33
Class 3 (20162022) 12 20 32
Up 12 23 35
Class 2 (2014→2020) 12 21 33
Special: class 3 2 2
General elections
Incumbent retiring 1 3 4
Incumbent running 11 18 29
Special elections
Appointee running 2 2

Change in composition[edit]

Republicans are defending 23 seats and Democrats 12.[9] Each block represents one of the 100 Senate seats. "D#" is a Democratic senator, "I#" is an Independent senator, and "R#" is a Republican senator. They are arranged so that the parties are separated and a majority is clear by crossing the middle.

Before the elections[edit]

Each block indicates an incumbent senator's actions going into the election. Both Independents caucus with the Democrats.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40
N.H.
Running
D39
Minn.
Running
D38
Mich.
Running
D37
Mass.
Running
D36
Ill.
Running
D35
Del.
Running
D34
Ala.
Running
D33 D32 D31
D41
N.J.
Running
D42
N.M.
Retiring
D43
Ore.
Running
D44
R.I.
Running
D45
Va.
Running
I1 I2 R53
Wyo.
Retiring
R52
W.Va.
Running
R51
Texas
Running
Majority →
R41
La.
Running
R42
Me.
Running
R43
Miss.
Running
R44
Mont.
Running
R45
Neb.
Running
R46
N.C.
Running
R47
Okla.
Running
R48
S.C.
Running
R49
S.D.
Running
R50
Tenn.
Retiring
R40
Ky.
Running
R39
Kan.
Retiring
R38
Iowa
Running
R37
Idaho
Running
R36
Ga. (sp)
Running
R35
Ga. (reg)
Running
R34
Colo.
Running
R33
Ark.
Running
R32
Ariz. (sp)
Running
R31
Alaska
Running
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD I2 I1 D33 D32 D31
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
Majority →
TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
I# Independent, caucusing with Democrats

Predictions[edit]

Several sites and individuals publish predictions of competitive seats. These predictions look at factors such as the strength of the incumbent (if the incumbent is running for reelection) and the other candidates, and the state's partisan lean (reflected in part by the state's Cook Partisan Voting Index rating). The predictions assign ratings to each seat, indicating the predicted advantage that a party has in winning that seat.

Most election predictors use:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used by some predictors): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely": significant, but surmountable, advantage
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
Constituency Incumbent 2020 election ratings
State PVI[11] Senator Last
election[c]
Cook
October 13,
2020
[12]
IE
October 16,
2020
[13]
Sabato
October 8,
2020
[14]
Daily Kos
October 19,
2020
[15]
Politico
October 12,
2020
[16]
RCP
October 13,
2020
[17]
Niskanen
September 16,
2020
[18][19]
DDHQ
October 14,
2020
[20]
538[d]
October 18,
2020
[21]
Economist
October 18,
2020
[22]
VoteFerret[e]
October 18,
2020
[23]
Alabama R+14 Doug Jones 50.0% D
(2017 special)[f]
Lean R (flip) Lean R (flip) Likely R (flip) Likely R (flip) Lean R (flip) Likely R (flip) Safe R (flip) Likely R (flip) Lean R (flip) Likely R (flip) Certain R (flip)
Alaska R+9 Dan Sullivan 48.0% R Lean R Likely R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Tossup Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Arizona
(Special)
R+5 Martha McSally Appointed
(2019)[g]
Lean D (flip) Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Solid D (flip)
Arkansas R+15 Tom Cotton 56.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Solid R
Colorado D+1 Cory Gardner 48.2% R Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Safe D (flip) Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Lean D (flip) Likely D (flip)
Delaware D+6 Chris Coons 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Safe D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
Georgia
(Regular)
R+5 David Perdue 52.9% R Tossup Tilt R Lean R Lean R Lean R Tossup Tossup Tossup Lean R Tossup Tossup
Georgia
(Special)
R+5 Kelly Loeffler Appointed
(2020)[h]
Tossup Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Tossup Lean R Tossup Tossup Tossup
Idaho R+19 Jim Risch 65.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
Illinois D+7 Dick Durbin 53.5% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
Iowa R+3 Joni Ernst 52.1% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tilt D (flip)
Kansas R+13 Pat Roberts
(retiring)
53.1% R Lean R Tilt R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Likely R Tossup Lean R Lean R Likely R
Kentucky R+15 Mitch McConnell 56.2% R Likely R Safe R Likely R Safe R Likely R Likely R Likely R Likely R Likely R Likely R Certain R
Louisiana R+11 Bill Cassidy 55.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Likely R Likely R Certain R
Maine D+3 Susan Collins 68.5% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tossup Tossup Tossup Likely D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip)
Massachusetts D+12 Ed Markey 61.9% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
Michigan D+1 Gary Peters 54.6% D Lean D Lean D Lean D Lean D Lean D Tossup Likely D Likely D Likely D Likely D Likely D
Minnesota D+1 Tina Smith 53.0% D
(2018 special)[i]
Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D Likely D Lean D Likely D Safe D Likely D Likely D Solid D
Mississippi R+9 Cindy Hyde-Smith 53.6% R
(2018 special)[j]
Safe R Safe R Likely R Safe R Likely R Lean R Safe R Likely R Lean R Likely R Solid R
Montana R+11 Steve Daines 57.9% R Tossup Tossup Lean R Lean R Tossup Tossup Likely R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Nebraska R+14 Ben Sasse 64.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
New Hampshire D+1 Jeanne Shaheen 51.5% D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D Likely D Lean D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
New Jersey D+7 Cory Booker 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
New Mexico D+3 Tom Udall
(retiring)
55.6% D Safe D Safe D Likely D Safe D Likely D Lean D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D Certain D
North Carolina R+3 Thom Tillis 48.8% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Likely D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tilt D (flip)
Oklahoma R+20 Jim Inhofe 68.0% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
Oregon D+5 Jeff Merkley 55.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
Rhode Island D+10 Jack Reed 70.6% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Solid D Safe D Certain D
South Carolina R+8 Lindsey Graham 55.3% R Tossup Tilt R Lean R Lean R Lean R Tossup Likely R Tossup Likely R Tossup Lean R
South Dakota R+14 Mike Rounds 50.4% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
Tennessee R+14 Lamar Alexander
(retiring)
61.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Likely R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
Texas R+8 John Cornyn 61.6% R Lean R Lean R Likely R Lean R Lean R Lean R Likely R Likely R Likely R Lean R Certain R
Virginia D+1 Mark Warner 49.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D Safe D Safe D Solid D Likely D Certain D
West Virginia R+19 Shelley Moore Capito 62.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
Wyoming R+25 Mike Enzi
(retiring)
72.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Solid R Safe R Certain R
Overall[k] D - 48
R - 45
7 tossups
D - 50[l]
R - 48
2 tossups
D - 49
R - 49
2 tossups
D - 48
R - 49
3 tossups
D - 48
R - 48
4 tossups
D - 47
R - 46
7 tossups
D - 50[m]
R - 46
4 tossups
D - 51
R - 46
3 tossups
D - 51
R - 48
1 tossups
D - 51
R - 46
3 tossups
D - 51
R - 47
2 tossups

Election dates[edit]

These are the election dates for the regularly scheduled general elections.

State Filing deadline for
major party candidates[24][25]
Filing deadline for
write-in candidates in major party primaries[n]
Primary
election[24]
Primary
run-off
(if necessary)[24]
Filing deadline for minor
party and unaffiliated candidates[25]
Filing deadline for minor party
and unaffiliated write-in candidates[o]
General
election
Poll closing
(EST)[26]
Alabama November 8, 2019 Ineligible[27] March 3, 2020 July 14, 2020 March 3, 2020 November 3, 2020[27] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Alaska June 1, 2020 Ineligible[28] August 18, 2020 N/A August 18, 2020 October 29, 2020[29] November 3, 2020 1:00am[p]
Arizona (Special) April 6, 2020 June 25, 2020[30] August 4, 2020 N/A April 6, 2020 September 24, 2020[30] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Arkansas November 11, 2019 Ineligible[31] March 3, 2020 Not necessary May 1, 2020 August 5, 2020[31] November 3, 2020 8:30pm
Colorado March 17, 2020 April 24, 2020[32] June 30, 2020 N/A July 9, 2020 July 16, 2020[32] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Delaware July 14, 2020 Ineligible[33] September 15, 2020 N/A September 1, 2020 September 20, 2020[34] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Georgia (Regular) March 6, 2020 Ineligible[35] June 9, 2020 Not necessary August 14, 2020 September 7, 2020[36] November 3, 2020[q] 7:00pm
Georgia (Special) March 6, 2020 Ineligible[37] November 3, 2020 N/A August 14, 2020 September 7, 2020[36] January 5, 2021[r] 9:00pm
Idaho March 13, 2020 May 5, 2020[38] June 2, 2020 N/A March 13, 2020 October 6, 2020[38] November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Illinois December 2, 2019 January 2, 2020[39] March 17, 2020 N/A July 20, 2020 September 3, 2020[39] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Iowa March 13, 2020 June 2, 2020[40] June 2, 2020 Not necessary March 13, 2020 November 3, 2020[40] November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Kansas June 1, 2020 Not necessary[s][41] August 4, 2020 N/A August 3, 2020 November 3, 2020[42] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Kentucky January 10, 2020 Ineligible[43] June 23, 2020 N/A June 2, 2020 October 23, 2020[44] November 3, 2020 7:00pm
Louisiana July 24, 2020 Ineligible[45] November 3, 2020 N/A July 24, 2020 Ineligible[46] December 5, 2020[r] 9:00pm
Maine March 16, 2020 April 10, 2020[47] July 14, 2020 N/A June 1, 2020 September 4, 2020[47] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Massachusetts May 5, 2020 September 1, 2020[48] September 1, 2020 N/A August 25, 2020 November 3, 2020[48] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Michigan May 8, 2020 July 24, 2020[49] August 4, 2020 N/A August 4, 2020 October 23, 2020[49] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Minnesota June 2, 2020 May 19, 2020[50] August 11, 2020 N/A June 2, 2020 October 27, 2020[50] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Mississippi January 10, 2020 Not necessary[t][51] March 10, 2020 Not necessary January 10, 2020 November 3, 2020[u][51] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Montana March 9, 2020 April 8, 2020[52] June 2, 2020 N/A June 1, 2020 September 9, 2020[52] November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Nebraska March 2, 2020 May 1, 2020[53] May 12, 2020 N/A August 3, 2020 October 23, 2020[53] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
New Hampshire June 12, 2020 September 8, 2020[54] September 8, 2020 N/A September 2, 2020 November 3, 2020[55] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
New Jersey March 30, 2020 July 7, 2020[56] July 7, 2020 N/A July 7, 2020 November 3, 2020[56] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
New Mexico March 10, 2020 March 17, 2020[57] June 2, 2020 N/A June 25, 2020 June 26, 2020[58] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
North Carolina December 20, 2019 Ineligible[59] March 3, 2020 Not necessary March 3, 2020 July 21, 2020[60] November 3, 2020 7:30pm
Oklahoma April 10, 2020 Ineligible[61] June 30, 2020 Not necessary April 10, 2020 Ineligible[46] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Oregon March 10, 2020 May 19, 2020[62] May 19, 2020 N/A August 25, 2020 November 3, 2020[62] November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Rhode Island June 24, 2020 September 8, 2020[63] September 8, 2020 N/A June 24, 2020 November 3, 2020[63] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
South Carolina March 30, 2020 Ineligible[64] June 9, 2020 Not necessary July 20, 2020 November 3, 2020[65] November 3, 2020 7:00pm
South Dakota March 31, 2020 Ineligible[46] June 2, 2020 Not necessary April 28, 2020 Ineligible[46] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Tennessee April 2, 2020 June 17, 2020[66] August 6, 2020 N/A April 2, 2020 September 14, 2020[67] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Texas December 9, 2019 Ineligible[68] March 3, 2020 July 14, 2020 August 13, 2020[v] August 17, 2020[69] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Virginia March 26, 2020 Ineligible[70] June 23, 2020 N/A June 23, 2020 November 3, 2020[71] November 3, 2020 7:00pm
West Virginia January 25, 2020 Ineligible[72] June 9, 2020 N/A July 31, 2020 September 15, 2020[73] November 3, 2020 7:30pm
Wyoming May 29, 2020 August 18, 2020[w][74] August 18, 2020 N/A August 25, 2020 November 3, 2020[75] November 3, 2020 9:00pm

Race summary[edit]

Special elections during the preceding Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners will serve when they are elected and qualified.

Elections are sorted by date then state.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona
(Class 3)
Martha McSally Republican 2019 (Appointed) Incumbent appointee nominated.
On ballot
Write-in
  • Mohammed "Mike Obama" Arif (Democratic)[76]
  • Christopher Beckett (Independent)[76]
  • Adam Chilton (Democratic)[76]
  • Edward Davida (Republican)[76]
  • William "Will" Decker (Independent)[76]
  • Matthew "Doc" Dorchester (Libertarian)[76]
  • Nicholas N. Glenn (Independent Republican)[76]
  • Mathew Haupt (Independent)[76]
  • Perry Kapadia (Democratic)[76]
  • Benjamin Rodriguez (Independent)[76]
  • Joshua Rodriguez (Unity)[76]
  • Frank Saenz (Independent)[76]
  • John Schiess (Republican)[76]
  • Debbie Simmons (Republican)[76]
  • Jim Stevens (Independent)[76]
  • Buzz Stewart (Democratic)[76]
  • Patrick "Pat" Thomas (Republican)[76]
Georgia
(Class 3)
Kelly Loeffler Republican 2020 (Appointed) Incumbent appointee running.

Elections leading to the next Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners will be elected for the term beginning January 3, 2021. All of the elections involve class 2 seats; they are ordered by state.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Doug Jones Democratic 2017 (Special) Incumbent renominated.
Alaska Dan Sullivan Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Arkansas Tom Cotton Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Colorado Cory Gardner Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Delaware Chris Coons Democratic 2010 (Special)
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Georgia David Perdue Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Idaho Jim Risch Republican 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Illinois Dick Durbin Democratic 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Iowa Joni Ernst Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Kansas Pat Roberts Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
Kentucky Mitch McConnell Republican 1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Louisiana Bill Cassidy Republican 2014 Incumbent running.
  • Beryl Billiot (Independent)[91]
  • John Paul Bourgeois (Independent)[91]
  • Bill Cassidy (Republican)[91]
  • Reno Daret III (Independent)[91]
  • Champ Edwards (Democratic)[91]
  • Xan John (Independent)[91]
  • David Drew Knight (Democratic)[91]
  • Vinny Mendoza (Independent)[91]
  • Jamar Montgomery (Independent)[91]
  • Dustin Murphy (Republican)[91]
  • Adrian Perkins (Democratic)[91]
  • Antoine Pierce (Democratic)[91]
  • Melinda Mary Price (Independent)[91]
  • Aaron Sigler (Libertarian)[91]
  • Peter Wenstrup (Democratic)[91]
Maine Susan Collins Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
  • Tiffany Bond (Moderate MaineRaising Independent) (write-in)[92]
  • Susan Collins (Republican)[92]
  • Ian Kenton Engelman (Facts Matter) (write-in)[92]
  • Douglas E. Fogg (Independent) (write-in)[92]
  • Sara Gideon (Democratic)[92]
  • Max Patrick Linn (Independent)[92]
  • Lisa Savage (Independent Green)[92]
Massachusetts Ed Markey Democratic 2013 (Special)
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Michigan Gary Peters Democratic 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Minnesota Tina Smith Democratic 2018 (Appointed)
2018 (Special)
Incumbent renominated.
  • George Dennis Jr. (Independent) (write-in)[96]
  • Jason Lewis (Republican)[97]
  • Kevin O'Connor (Legal Marijuana Now)[97]
  • Josh D. Ondich (Independent) (write-in)[98]
  • Tina Smith (Democratic)[97]
  • Oliver Steinberg (Legalize Cannabis)[97]
Mississippi Cindy Hyde-Smith Republican 2018 (Appointed)
2018 (Special)
Incumbent renominated.
Montana Steve Daines Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Nebraska Ben Sasse Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
New Jersey Cory Booker Democratic 2013 (Special)
2014
Incumbent renominated.
New Mexico Tom Udall Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
North Carolina Thom Tillis Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe Republican 1994 (Special)
1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Oregon Jeff Merkley Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Rhode Island Jack Reed Democratic 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
South Carolina Lindsey Graham Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
South Dakota Mike Rounds Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Tennessee Lamar Alexander Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
Texas John Cornyn Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Virginia Mark Warner Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Wyoming Mike Enzi Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.

Alabama[edit]

Alabama election

2026 →
  Senator Doug Jones official photo (cropped 2).jpg Tommy-Tuberville-Coaches-Tour-5-29-08-(cropped).jpg
Nominee Doug Jones Tommy Tuberville
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Doug Jones
Democratic



Incumbent Democrat Doug Jones was elected in a special election in 2017, narrowly defeating Republican nominee Roy Moore. Jones is running for his first full term as a senator.[121][122]

Former Auburn University football head coach Tommy Tuberville defeated former senator and attorney general Jeff Sessions in a July 14 runoff to secure the Republican nomination. Sessions occupied the seat until 2017 when he resigned to become attorney general in the Trump administration.

Defeated in the March 3 Republican primary were 2017 Republican nominee Roy Moore, evangelist Stanley Adair,[123] Representative Bradley Byrne,[124] state representative Arnold Mooney,[125] and community activist Ruth Page Nelson.[126]

Alabama is one of the country's most Republican states and Jones's win was in part due to sexual assault allegations against Moore during the special election. Most analysts expect the seat to flip back to GOP control as Jones faces much stronger opposition from Tuberville. Despite some competitive polling, many in the Democratic establishment see Jones's seat as a lost cause.[127]

Alaska[edit]

Alaska election

← 2014
2026 →
  Senator Dan Sullivan official.jpg
Nominee Dan Sullivan Al Gross[y] John Howe
Party Republican Independent Alaskan Independence

Incumbent U.S. senator

Dan Sullivan
Republican



Republican Dan Sullivan was elected in 2014, defeating incumbent Democrat Mark Begich. He is running for a second term.[128]

Potential Democratic candidates included Begich, who was the Democratic nominee for governor of Alaska in 2018, and Anchorage mayor Ethan Berkowitz, who was the Democratic nominee for governor of Alaska in 2010. One Democrat, Edgar Blatchford, filed to run by the June 1 filing deadline.[79]

On July 2, 2019, Al Gross, an orthopedic surgeon and fisherman, declared his candidacy as an Independent.[129] In a joint primary for the Alaska Democratic Party, Alaska Libertarian Party and Alaskan Independence Party, he won the nomination as an independent supported by the Democratic Party.

Arizona (Special)[edit]

Arizona special election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2022 →
  Sen. Martha McSally official Senate headshot 116th congress (cropped).jpg Mark Kelly (2016).jpg
Nominee Martha McSally Mark Kelly
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Martha McSally
Republican



Republican senator John McCain was elected to a sixth term in 2016, but died in office in August 2018.[130] Republican governor Doug Ducey appointed former senator Jon Kyl to fill the seat temporarily.[131] After Kyl stepped down at the end of the year, Ducey appointed outgoing U.S. Representative Martha McSally to replace him.[132] McSally is running in the 2020 special election to fill the remaining two years of the term.[133]

Retired astronaut Mark Kelly won the Democratic nomination.[134]

Once a solidly Republican state, Arizona has trended more purple in recent years. Incumbent Republican Martha McSally was appointed to the late John McCain's seat two months after losing the 2018 Arizona U.S. Senate election to Democrat Kyrsten Sinema. Her Democratic opponent, astronaut Mark Kelly (who is married to former representative Gabrielle Giffords), has raised significantly more money and generally leads her by 5-15 points in the polling. McSally is also suffering from low approval ratings due to her strong allegiance to Trump, who is unpopular in Arizona despite winning the state by 3.5 points in 2016.[135]

Arkansas[edit]

Arkansas election

← 2014
2026 →
  Tom Cotton official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Ricky Dale Harrington, Jr. portrait (cropped).jpg
Nominee Tom Cotton Ricky Dale Harrington Jr.
Party Republican Libertarian

Incumbent U.S. senator

Tom Cotton
Republican



Republican Tom Cotton was elected in 2014 after serving two years in the United States House of Representatives, defeating incumbent Democratic senator Mark Pryor by a comfortable margin. Cotton is seeking a second term.[136]

Joshua Mahony, a nonprofit executive and 2018 Democratic nominee for Congress in Arkansas's 3rd congressional district, filed to run for the Democratic nomination,[137] but dropped out just after the filing deadline.[138] No other Democrats filed within the filing deadline. Progressive activist Dan Whitfield ran as an independent but suspended his campaign on October 1, 2020, after failing to qualify for the ballot.[139]

Christian missionary Ricky Dale Harrington Jr. is running as the Libertarian nominee.[140]

Colorado[edit]

Colorado election

← 2014
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  Cory Gardner official Senate portrait (cropped).jpeg John Hickenlooper June 2019.jpg
Nominee Cory Gardner John Hickenlooper
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Cory Gardner
Republican



Republican Cory Gardner was elected in 2014 after serving four years in the United States House of Representatives, narrowly defeating one-term Democrat Mark Udall. Gardner is seeking a second term.[141]

Former Colorado governor John Hickenlooper is the Democratic nominee and generally leads Gardner by 10-20 points in the polls, with many pundits already considering him a favorite to win. Gardner is Colorado's only Republican statewide officeholder, and the once purple state has trended increasingly Democratic since Gardner's narrow win in 2014. Gardner also has low approval ratings due to his strong allegiance to President Donald Trump, who is unpopular in Colorado.[142] Hickenlooper has raised significantly more money than Gardner, as well.[143]

Delaware[edit]

Delaware election

← 2014
2026 →
  Chris Coons, official portrait, 112th Congress (cropped).jpg
Nominee Chris Coons Lauren Witzke
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Chris Coons
Democratic



Democrat Chris Coons was reelected in 2014; he first took office after winning a 2010 special election, which occurred after longtime senator Joe Biden resigned to become vice president of the United States. He faced a primary challenge from technology executive Jessica Scarane. Conservative activist Lauren Witzke and attorney Jim DeMartino ran for the Republican nomination.

The Delaware primary was held on September 15, 2020.[144]

Georgia (Regular & Special)[edit]

Due to the resignation of Republican senator Johnny Isakson at the end of 2019, both of Georgia's seats will be up for election this year. While the state overall still leans Republican, increased support for Democrats in Atlanta's suburbs has made the state more competitive, with a close governor's race, multiple close U.S. House races, and many other close local office races resulting in Democratic gains in 2018. Both elections are seen as competitive.

Georgia (Regular)[edit]

Georgia regular election

← 2014
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  David Perdue, Official Portrait, 114th Congress (cropped).jpg Ossoff-Mar-15-17.png
Nominee David Perdue Jon Ossoff
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

David Perdue
Republican



In the regular election, incumbent Republican David Perdue will face Democrat Jon Ossoff, who won national name recognition while losing the most expensive House race in U.S. history in 2017.

Republican David Perdue was elected in 2014. He is seeking a second term.[145]

Former Columbus mayor Teresa Tomlinson and[146] 2018 lieutenant governor nominee Sarah Riggs Amico[147] lost the Democratic nomination to former congressional candidate Jon Ossoff, a documentary film producer and investigative journalist.[148] (Other potential Democratic candidates who did not run included former state senator Jason Carter and state representative Scott Holcomb.[145]) Ossoff will face Perdue in November.

Georgia (Special)[edit]

Georgia special election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2022 →

Incumbent U.S. senator

Kelly Loeffler
Republican



Three-term Senator Johnny Isakson announced that he would resign from the Senate at the end of 2019, citing health concerns.[149] A "jungle primary" will be held November 3, 2020; a candidate earning a majority of votes cast will win, but if no candidate wins a majority, a runoff election between the top two finishers will be held January 5, 2021.[150] The winner of the special election will serve until the expiration of Isakson's term on January 3, 2023.

Georgia governor Brian Kemp appointed Republican Kelly Loeffler to replace Isakson until an election could be held; Loeffler took office on January 6, 2020, and will compete in the November 2020 election.[151] Other Republicans running for the seat include Wayne Johnson, former chief operating officer of the Office of Federal Student Aid,[152] and four-term U.S. representative Doug Collins.[153]

Unlike the regular election, the special election is being conducted as a jungle primary: all candidates are listed on the same ballot regardless of party affiliation, and if no candidate gets more than 50% of the vote, the top two will advance to a runoff on January 5, 2021. As in the regular election, there is a crowded field of Democratic candidates, but there is also a bitter contest on the Republican side between incumbent Kelly Loeffler, a businesswoman appointed to the seat after Isakson's resignation, and Doug Collins, a well-known U.S. representative. Collins remains close to Loeffler in the polls[154] due to allegations of insider trading against Loeffler.[155]

Democrats running for the seat include Raphael Warnock,[156][157] Matt Lieberman,[158] Ed Tarver,[159][160] and Richard Dien Winfield.[161] Prominent national Democrats and the Democratic National Senatorial Committee have endorsed Warnock.

Idaho[edit]

Idaho election

← 2014
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  Jim Risch 113th Congress.jpg PauletteJordanIF17 (cropped).JPG
Nominee Jim Risch Paulette Jordan
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jim Risch
Republican



Two-term Republican Jim Risch was easily reelected in 2014. On August 13, 2019, he announced that he would seek a third term.[162] Former gubernatorial nominee and former Coeur d’Alene Tribal Councilwoman Paulette Jordan won the Democratic nomination in a primary against retired policeman Jim Vandermaas.

Illinois[edit]

Illinois election

← 2014
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  Richard Durbin official photo (cropped).jpg Mark-Curran (cropped).jpg
Nominee Dick Durbin Mark Curran
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Dick Durbin
Democratic



Four-term Democrat Dick Durbin, the Senate minority whip, was reelected in 2014 and is seeking a fifth term.[163]

Mark Curran, who served as sheriff of Lake County from 2006 to 2018, won the Republican primary with 41.55% of the vote and will face Durbin in the general election.[164]

Antiwar activist Marilyn Jordan Lawlor[165] and state representative Anne Stava-Murray[166] were going to challenge Durbin in the Democratic primary, but both withdrew.[167][168]

Republicans who ran include businessman Casey Chlebek,[169] U.S. Navy veteran and former police officer Peggy Hubbard,[170] Vietnam War veteran, physician, and 2018 Democratic primary candidate for governor of Illinois Robert Marshall,[171][172] Omeed Memar,[173] a dermatologist convicted of health care fraud in 2018,[174] Preston Gabriel Nelson,[175] Dean Seppelfrick,[176] and Tom Tarter.[177]

Businessman and 2019 Chicago mayoral candidate Willie Wilson is also running as a member of the "Willie Wilson Party," with the backing of a handful of Chicago aldermen and the Chicago Police Union.

Iowa[edit]

Iowa election

← 2014
2026 →
  Joni Ernst, official portrait, 116th Congress 2 (cropped).jpg Theresa Greenfield.jpg
Nominee Joni Ernst Theresa Greenfield
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Joni Ernst
Republican



Republican Joni Ernst was elected in 2014 after serving four years in the Iowa Senate. She is seeking a second term.[178]

Theresa Greenfield won the Democratic nomination, defeating former vice-admiral Michael T. Franken, attorney Kimberly Graham and businessman Eddie Mauro in the primary.

Ernst's popularity has dropped in the polls, allegedly due to support for Trump's trade tariffs that have impacted Iowa farmers. But Democrats have had a hard time winning statewide in Iowa in recent years, narrowly losing the governor's election in 2018. Trump won the state by 9 points in 2016 after Barack Obama carried it in both 2008 and 2012. Democrats do hold three of Iowa's four congressional seats, picking up two of them in 2018. Ernst and Greenfield, a first-time candidate, are polling neck-and-neck in the general election, but Greenfield lacks name recognition, despite raising more money than Ernst.[179]

Kansas[edit]

Kansas election

← 2014
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  Roger Marshall official portrait (cropped).jpg Barbara Bollier cropped portrait.jpg
Nominee Roger Marshall Barbara Bollier Jason Buckley
Party Republican Democratic Libertarian

Incumbent U.S. senator

Pat Roberts
Republican



Four-term Republican Pat Roberts is retiring and will not run for reelection.

Former secretary of state Kris Kobach,[180] state Turnpike Authority chairman (and former Kansas City Chief defensive end) Dave Lindstrom,[181] U.S. representative Roger Marshall, plumber/businessman Bob Hamilton, Kansas Board of Education member Steve Roberts,[182] state senate president Susan Wagle, and Republican socialist Brian Matlock all announced their candidacies.[183] Wagle later withdrew.

Other potential candidates (who ultimately did not run) included state attorney general Derek Schmidt and wealthy businessman and former 2018 lieutenant governor nominee Wink Hartman.

Kansas state treasurer Jake LaTurner[184] previously sought the nomination, but announced on September 3, 2019, that he would drop out of the Senate race to run for the U.S. House of Representatives.[185]

There was considerable speculation about a Senate bid by Mike Pompeo (the United States secretary of state, former director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and former U.S. representative for Kansas's 4th congressional district), but he did not run.[186][187]

Among Democrats, former Republican turned Democratic state senator Barbara Bollier ran[188] and faced Robert Tillman, nominee for Kansas's 4th congressional district in 2012 and candidate in 2016 and 2017.[189]

Former U.S. attorney Barry Grissom,[190] mayor of Manhattan Usha Reddi,[191] and former congresswoman Nancy Boyda[192] announced runs, but withdrew before the primary. Former governor Kathleen Sebelius declined to run.

Marshall and Bollier won their primaries and will face off in the general election.[193]

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky election

← 2014
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  Mitch McConnell 2016 official photo (cropped).jpg Amy McGrath Event- (49220643717) 1.jpg
Nominee Mitch McConnell Amy McGrath
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mitch McConnell
Republican



Incumbent Republican Senator Mitch McConnell, who has been Senate Majority Leader since 2015 and senator from Kentucky since 1985, is running for reelection to a seventh term. He faces the Democratic nominee, U.S. Marine fighter pilot Amy McGrath, and Libertarian Brad Barron.

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana election

← 2014
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  Bill Cassidy official Senate photo.jpg
Nominee Bill Cassidy Adrian Perkins
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Bill Cassidy
Republican



Republican Bill Cassidy was elected in 2014 after serving six years in the United States House of Representatives, defeating three-term Democrat Mary Landrieu. He is running for reelection.[194] Multiple Democratic candidates are running, but the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee has endorsed Shreveport mayor Adrian Perkins.[195]

A Louisiana primary (a form of jungle primary) will be held November 3; if no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the primary, a runoff election will be held.

Maine[edit]

Maine election

← 2014
2026 →
  2015 Susan Collins crop.jpg Sara Gideon Headshot (cropped).png
Nominee Susan Collins Sara Gideon
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Susan Collins
Republican



Four-term Republican Susan Collins was reelected by a wide margin in 2014. She is seeking a fifth term.[196]

Independent Green candidate, educator and activist Lisa Savage. [197]

Democrats running included state House speaker Sara Gideon,[198] attorney Bre Kidman,[199] and activist and 2018 gubernatorial candidate Betsy Sweet.[200] Gideon won the nomination.

Collins is polling neck-and-neck with or slightly behind Gideon. She has never faced a competitive election during her 24 years in the Senate even though Maine leans Democratic, as she has projected a centrist image. But she faces growing unpopularity due to her increasingly conservative voting record and her votes to confirm Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court and to acquit Trump in his impeachment trial. Gideon raised over three times as much money as Collins in the first quarter of 2020.[201]

Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts election

← 2014
2026 →
  Edward Markey, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Nominee Ed Markey Kevin O'Connor
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Ed Markey
Democratic



Democrat Ed Markey was reelected in 2014; he won a 2013 special election to replace longtime incumbent John Kerry, who resigned to become U.S. secretary of state. He is running for a second term.[202]

Joe Kennedy III, four-term U.S. representative for Massachusetts's Fourth District and grandson of former U.S. senator and U.S. attorney general Robert F. Kennedy, unsuccessfully challenged Markey for the Democratic nomination.[203]

Noted conspiracy theorist Shiva Ayyadurai, an independent candidate for U.S. Senate in 2018, unsuccessfully ran against attorney Kevin O'Connor for the Republican nomination.[204][205]

On August 24, 2020, perennial candidate Vermin Supreme launched a write-in campaign for the Libertarian nomination,[206] but received too few votes to qualify for the general election ballot.[207]

Michigan[edit]

Michigan election

← 2014
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  Gary Peters official photo 115th congress.jpg John James 3 (1).png
Nominee Gary Peters John James
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Gary Peters
Democratic



Democrat Gary Peters was elected in 2014 after serving six years in the U.S. House of Representatives. He is seeking a second term.[208]

2018 Senate nominee John James won the Republican nomination.[209] He faced token opposition for the Republican nomination from perennial candidate Bob Carr.[210]

Michigan is one of the most competitive states in national elections. James came unexpectedly close to unseating Michigan's other Democratic senator, Debbie Stabenow, in 2018.

Minnesota[edit]

Minnesota election

← 2018
2026 →
  Tina Smith, official portrait, 116th congress (cropped).jpg Jason Lewis, official portrait, 115th congress (cropped).jpg
Nominee Tina Smith Jason Lewis
Party Democratic (DFL) Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Tina Smith
Democratic (DFL)



Incumbent Democrat Tina Smith was appointed to the U.S. Senate to replace Al Franken in 2018 after serving as lieutenant governor, and won a special election later in 2018 to serve the remainder of Franken's term. On August 11, she won the Democratic nomination to serve a full term.[211]

Former congressman Jason Lewis is the Republican nominee, having defeated minor candidates Cynthia Gail, John Berman, Bob Carney and James Reibestein in the primary election.[212]

Mississippi[edit]

Mississippi election
Flag of the United States.svg
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  Cindy Hyde-Smith official photo (cropped).jpg Mike Espy 20120223-OCE-RBN-1281 (cropped 2).jpg
Nominee Cindy Hyde-Smith Mike Espy
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican



After seven-term Republican senator Thad Cochran resigned in April 2018, Republican governor Phil Bryant appointed state agriculture commissioner Cindy Hyde-Smith to succeed him until a special election could be held later in the year. Hyde-Smith won the November 2018 special election to fill the remainder of Cochran's term, which ends in January 2021. Hyde-Smith is running for a full term.[213] She was unopposed in the Republican primary.

Former U.S. secretary of agriculture and 2018 Senate candidate Mike Espy won the Democratic primary with 93.1% of the vote.[214]

Libertarian candidate Jimmy Edwards also made the general election ballot.

Montana[edit]

Montana election

← 2014
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  Steve Daines, Official Portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Nominee Steve Daines Steve Bullock
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Steve Daines
Republican



Republican Steve Daines was elected in 2014 after serving two years in the United States House of Representatives. He is seeking a second term.[215]

Daines was opposed (prior to his nomination) in the Republican primary by hardware store manager Daniel Larson and former Democratic speaker of the Montana House of Representatives John Driscoll, who changed parties in 2020.[216]

Incumbent governor Steve Bullock won the Democratic nomination,[217] defeating nuclear engineer and U.S. Navy veteran John Mues.[218]

Libertarian and Green party candidates were set to appear on the general election ballot, but the Libertarians refused to nominate a replacement after their nominee withdrew and the Greens' nominee was disqualified.

Once seen as likely to remain in Republican hands, Daines's seat is now competitive due to Bullock's last-minute entry. Daines leads Bullock by single digits in the most recent polling, while Bullock raised more money than Daines. But Montana is expected to be safely Republican in the presidential election, meaning that Bullock is relying on Montana's history of ticket splitting, as he did in 2016 when he was reelected to a second gubernatorial term by 4 points despite Trump winning the state by 20 points. Montana also reelected Jon Tester, a Democrat, to the Senate in 2018, by 4 points. Daines was elected to a first term by a comfortable margin in 2014.[219]

Nebraska[edit]

Nebraska election

← 2014
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  Ben Sasse official portrait (cropped).jpg
Nominee Ben Sasse Chris Janicek Preston Love Jr. (write-in)
Party Republican Democratic Ind. Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Ben Sasse
Republican



Republican Ben Sasse was elected to the Senate in 2014 after serving as the president of Midland University. He is seeking a second term.[220]

Sasse defeated businessman and former Lancaster County Republican Party chair Matt Innis in the Republican primary with 75.2% of the vote.

Businessman and 2018 U.S. Senate candidate Chris Janicek won the Democratic primary with 30.7% of the vote, defeating six other candidates.

Libertarian candidate Gene Siadek will also appear on the general election ballot.

After the primary election, the Nebraska Democratic party withdrew its support from Janicek when allegations that he sexually harassed a campaign staffer emerged.[221] Janicek refused to leave the race despite the state party endorsing his former primary opponent, which led former Democratic Congressman Brad Ashford to announce a write-in campaign on August 23, 2020.[222][223] After Janicek vowed to remain in the race anyway, Ashford then withdrew on August 27, citing a lack of the time and resources necessary to run a U.S. Senate campaign.[224] The state Democratic Party subsequently threw its support behind long-time Nebraska activist Preston Love, Jr., who declared a write-in candidacy for the seat.[102][225]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire election

← 2014
2026 →
  Jeanne Shaheen, official Senate portrait cropped.jpg
Nominee Jeanne Shaheen Corky Messner
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jeanne Shaheen
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Jeanne Shaheen was narrowly reelected in 2014. She is seeking a third term.[226]

Former U.S. Army brigadier general Donald C. Bolduc, perennial candidate Andy Martin, and attorney Corky Messner ran for the Republican nomination.[227][228][229] Messner won the nomination on September 8.

Libertarian Justin O'Donnell will appear on the general election ballot.[230]

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey election

← 2014
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  Cory Booker, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Nominee Cory Booker Rik Mehta
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Cory Booker
Democratic



Democrat Cory Booker was reelected in 2014; he first took office by winning a 2013 special election after serving seven years as mayor of Newark. Booker sought his party's nomination for President of the United States in 2020. Although the state allows him to simultaneously run for both president and the Senate, Booker suspended his presidential campaign on January 13, 2020, and confirmed his intention to seek a second Senate term.[231]

Republican candidates included engineer Hirsh Singh, 2018 Independent U.S. Senate candidate Tricia Flanagan, 2018 independent U.S. Senate candidate Natalie Lynn Rivera and Eugene Anagnos. The party ultimately nominated pharmacist, Georgetown University law professor, and attorney Rik Mehta.

Green Party candidate Madelyn Hoffman and two independent candidates will also appear on the general election ballot.

New Jersey has not elected a Republican senator since 1972, and all pundits expect Booker to be easily reelected.[232]

New Mexico[edit]

New Mexico election

← 2014
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  BenLujan2016 (cropped).jpg Mark Ronchetti.jpg
Nominee Ben Ray Luján Mark Ronchetti
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Tom Udall
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Tom Udall is the only incumbent Democratic U.S. senator retiring in 2020.[233]

U.S. representative Ben Ray Luján[234] was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.

Among Republicans, former U.S. Interior Department official Gavin Clarkson and executive director for the New Mexico Alliance for Life Elisa Martinez ran. They lost in the primary to former KRQE chief meteorologist Mark Ronchetti.[235][236][237]

Libertarian Bob Walsh will appear on the general election ballot.

North Carolina[edit]

North Carolina election

← 2014
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  Thom Tillis Official Photo (cropped).jpg James "Cal" Cunningham (cropped 2).jpg
Nominee Thom Tillis Cal Cunningham
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Thom Tillis
Republican



Republican Thom Tillis was elected in 2014 after serving eight years in the state House of Representatives, narrowly defeating one-term Democrat Kay Hagan. He faced a primary challenge from three different candidates.

State senator Erica D. Smith, Mecklenburg County commissioner Trevor Fuller, and former state senator Cal Cunningham ran for the Democratic nomination.

On March 3, 2020, Tillis and Cunningham won their parties' primaries.[238]

The Libertarian Party and the Constitution Party have candidates on the general election ballot.

Tillis has grown unpopular among both centrist and conservative Republicans due to his inconsistent support of Trump. He also suffers from low name recognition, and North Carolina is trending more purple, electing a Democratic governor in 2016. Tillis will face Democrat Cal Cunningham in the general election. Cunningham leads slightly in the polls.[239]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oklahoma election

← 2014
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  Jim Inhofe official portrait.jpg
Nominee Jim Inhofe Abby Broyles
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jim Inhofe
Republican



Four-term Republican Jim Inhofe was easily reelected in 2014. He is seeking a fifth term.

J.J. Stitt, a farmer and gun shop owner, Neil Mavis, a former Libertarian Party candidate, and John Tompkins unsuccessfully challenged Inhofe for the Republican nomination.[240]

Democrats in the race included attorney Abby Broyles, perennial candidate Sheila Bilyeu, 2018 5th congressional district candidate Elysabeth Britt, and R.O. Joe Cassity Jr. Broyles won the nomination.

Libertarian candidate Robert Murphy and two Independents will also appear on the general election ballot.

Oklahoma is one of the most solidly Republican states and Inhofe is expected to be reelected with ease.[citation needed]

Oregon[edit]

Oregon election

← 2014
2026 →
  Jeff Merkley, 115th official photo (cropped).jpg Jo Rae Perkins.png
Nominee Jeff Merkley Jo Rae Perkins
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jeff Merkley
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Jeff Merkley was reelected by a comfortable margin in 2014. Merkley, who was considered a possible 2020 presidential candidate, is instead seeking a third Senate term and was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[241] He also received the Oregon Independent Party and the Working Families Party nominations.[111]

2014 U.S. Senate and 2018 U.S. House candidate Jo Rae Perkins is the Republican nominee, defeating three other candidates with 49.29% of the vote. She is a supporter of the QAnon conspiracy theory.[242]

Ibrahim Taher will also be on the general election ballot, representing the Pacific Green Party[243] and the Oregon Progressive Party. Gary Dye will represent the Libertarian Party.[111]

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island election

← 2014
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  Jack Reed, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Waters4Senate.jpg
Nominee Jack Reed Allen Waters
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jack Reed
Democratic



Four-term Democrat Jack Reed was easily reelected in 2014. He is seeking a fifth term and was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[citation needed]

Investment consultant Allen Waters was unopposed for the Republican nomination.

One independent candidate filed for the election.

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina election

← 2014
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  Lindsey Graham, official photo, 113th Congress (cropped).jpg Jaime Harrison (2017).jpg
Nominee Lindsey Graham Jaime Harrison
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Lindsey Graham
Republican



Three-term Republican Lindsey Graham was reelected in 2014 and is seeking a fourth term. He defeated three opponents in the June 9 Republican primary.[244]

After his primary opponents dropped out, former South Carolina Democratic Party chairman Jaime Harrison was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.

The Constitution Party will also field a candidate for the general election.

Despite the significant Republican lean of the state as a whole, polls indicate that the Senate election is competitive, with summer polling ranging from a tie to a modest advantage for Graham.[245][246] Graham's popularity has declined as a result of his close embrace of Trump, reversing his outspoken criticism of Trump in the 2016 campaign.[247][248]

South Dakota[edit]

South Dakota election

← 2014
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  Mike Rounds official Senate portrait (cropped).jpg
Nominee Mike Rounds Dan Ahlers
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mike Rounds
Republican



Republican Mike Rounds was elected in 2014 after serving two terms as governor of South Dakota. He faced a primary challenge from state representative Scyller Borglum.[249]

Former South Dakota state representative Dan Ahlers was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[250]

One independent candidate (Clayton Walker) filed,[251] but failed to qualify.

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee election

← 2014
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  Ambassador Hagerty (cropped).jpg Marquita Bradshaw at Morristown (cropped).jpg
Nominee Bill Hagerty Marquita Bradshaw
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Lamar Alexander
Republican



Three-term Republican Lamar Alexander was reelected in 2014. He announced in December 2018 that he would not seek a fourth term.[252]

Assisted by an endorsement from Trump,[253] former ambassador to Japan Bill Hagerty won the Republican nomination.[254] Orthopedic surgeon Manny Sethi also ran for the nomination,[255] as did 13 other Republicans.

James Mackler, an Iraq War veteran and Nashville attorney, ran for the Democratic nomination with support from the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee[256] but was upset in the primary by environmental activist Marquita Bradshaw of Memphis.

Nine Independent candidates will also appear on the general election ballot.

Texas[edit]

Texas election

← 2014
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  John Cornyn (cropped).jpg MJHegar (cropped).jpg
Nominee John Cornyn MJ Hegar
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

John Cornyn
Republican



Three-term Republican John Cornyn was reelected in 2014 by a wide margin and is seeking a fourth term.[257] He defeated four other candidates in the Republican primary with 76.04% of the vote.

Democrats MJ Hegar, an Air Force combat veteran who was the 2018 Democratic nominee for Texas's 31st congressional district,[258] and state senator Royce West were the top two vote-getters in a field of 13 candidates in the Democratic primary and advanced to a primary runoff election on July 14 to decide the nomination. Hegar prevailed.

The Green and Libertarian Parties will also appear on the general election ballot. Candidates from the Human Rights Party and the People over Politics Party and three independents failed to qualify.

Statewide races in Texas have been growing more competitive in recent years, and polling in August/September has shown Cornyn with a lead of 4-10 points over Hegar, with a significant fraction of the electorate still undecided.[259][260]

Virginia[edit]

Virginia election

← 2014
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  Mark Warner 113th Congress photo (cropped).jpg Daniel Gade (cropped).jpg
Nominee Mark Warner Daniel Gade
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mark Warner
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Mark Warner was reelected by a very narrow margin in 2014 after winning easily in 2008. He is seeking a third term and was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[261]

Republicans nominated professor and U.S. Army veteran Daniel Gade.[262] The primary also included teacher Alissa Baldwin[263] and U.S. Army veteran and intelligence officer Thomas Speciale.[264]

West Virginia[edit]

West Virginia election

← 2014
2026 →
  Shelley Moore Capito official Senate photo (cropped 2).jpg Paula Jean Swearengin.png
Nominee Shelley Moore Capito Paula Jean Swearengin David Moran
Party Republican Democratic Libertarian

Incumbent U.S. senator

Shelley Moore Capito
Republican



Republican Shelley Moore Capito was easily elected after serving 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives. She was unsuccessfully challenged in the Republican primary by farmer Larry Butcher and Allen Whitt, president of the West Virginia Family Policy Council.[265]

Environmental activist Paula Jean Swearengin, a candidate for U.S. Senate in 2018,[266] won the Democratic primary, beating former mayor of South Charleston Richie Robb and former state senator Richard Ojeda, a nominee for the U.S. House of Representatives in West Virginia's 3rd congressional district in 2018 and briefly a 2020 presidential candidate. Libertarian candidate David Moran will also appear on the general election ballot.

Wyoming[edit]

Wyoming election

← 2014
2026 →
  CynthiaLummis.jpg Merav Ben-David.jpg
Nominee Cynthia Lummis Merav Ben-David
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mike Enzi
Republican



Four-term Republican Mike Enzi was reelected in 2014, and announced in May 2019 that he will retire.

Announced Republican candidates included former congresswoman and eventual nominee Cynthia Lummis[267] and eight others.

Merav Ben-David, the Chair of the Department of Zoology and Physiology at the University of Wyoming went on to defeat community activist Yana Ludwig, think-tank executive Nathan Wendt, community activist James DeBrine and perennial candidates Rex Wilde and Kenneth R. Casner for the Democratic nomination.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Because the vice president of the United States has the power to break ties in the Senate, a Senate majority requires either 51 Senate seats without control of the vice presidency or 50 seats with control of the vice presidency. Thus, assuming that the two independents continue to caucus with the Senate Democratic Caucus and if Kamala Harris is elected vice president in the 2020 election, the Democrats will have to gain at least three seats to win a majority. If Mike Pence is reelected vice president, Democrats will have to gain at least four seats to win a majority. Democrats would also need 51 seats to control the senate at the beginning of the new congress.
  2. ^ The 2 independents, Bernie Sanders and Angus King, have caucused with the Democratic Party since joining the Senate.
  3. ^ The last elections for this group of senators were in 2014, except for those elected in a special election or who were appointed after the resignation or passing of a sitting senator, as noted.
  4. ^ Represents the classic model
  5. ^ Represents the classic model
  6. ^ Republican Jeff Sessions ran uncontested in 2014 and won with 97.3% of the vote, but resigned on February 8, 2017 to become United States Attorney General.
  7. ^ Republican John McCain won in 2016 with 53.7% of the vote, but died on August 25, 2018.
  8. ^ Republican Johnny Isakson won with 54.8% of the vote in 2016, but resigned on December 31, 2019, due to declining health.
  9. ^ Democrat Al Franken won with 53.2% of the vote in 2014, but resigned on January 2, 2018.
  10. ^ Republican Thad Cochran won with 59.9% of the vote in 2014, but resigned on April 1, 2018 due to declining health.
  11. ^ Democratic total includes 2 Independents who caucus with the Democrats
  12. ^ IE puts the Vice President in the Democratic column, giving them control of the Senate in their ratings with only 50 seats.
  13. ^ Niskanen puts the Vice President in the Democratic column, giving them control of the Senate in their ratings with only 50 seats.
  14. ^ If no filing is required prior to the primary, the primary's date is listed
  15. ^ If no filing is required prior to the general election, the election's date is listed
  16. ^ the following morning
  17. ^ If no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the November 3, 2020 general election, the top two candidates will go to run-off on January 5, 2021.
  18. ^ a b If no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the November 3, 2020 jungle primary, the top two candidates will go to run-off.
  19. ^ Eligible up to August 4, 2020 only if no non-write-in candidates file for a primary
  20. ^ Eligible up to March 10, 2020 only if a candidate whose name is still on the ballot has died, resigned or withdrawn from the race
  21. ^ Eligible up to November 3, 2020 only if a candidate whose name is still on the ballot ha died, resigned or withdrawn from the race
  22. ^ Initial declaration of intent's deadline for unaffiliated candidates is December 9, 2019
  23. ^ Write-in candidates must be registered members of a party by this date to be nominated in its primary but do not need to file a declaration of candidacy beforehand
  24. ^ a b c General election write-in candidates in this state have no barriers to or deadlines for qualification
  25. ^ Gross is running as an independent with the nomination of the Democratic Party.

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Further reading[edit]