2020 United States Senate elections

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2020 United States Senate elections

← 2018 November 3, 2020 2022 →

35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Mitch McConnell 2016 official photo (cropped).jpg Chuck Schumer official photo (cropped).jpg
Leader Mitch McConnell Chuck Schumer
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since January 3, 2007 January 3, 2017
Leader's seat Kentucky New York
Current seats 53 45
Seats needed Steady Increase 3–4[a]
Seats up 23 12

 
Party Independent
Current seats 2[b]
Seats up 0

United States Senate elections, 2020.svg
     Democratic senator running      Republican senator running
     Democratic senator retiring      Republican senator retiring
     No election
Rectangular inset (Ga.): both Republican senators running

Incumbent Majority Leader

Mitch McConnell
Republican



The 2020 United States Senate elections will be held on November 3, 2020,[1] with the 33 class 2 seats of the Senate being contested in regular elections.[2] The winners will be elected to six-year terms extending from January 3, 2021, to January 3, 2027.[3] There will also be two special elections: one in Arizona to fill the vacancy created by the death of John McCain in 2018 and one in Georgia following the resignation of Johnny Isakson at the end of 2019.[4][5]

In the 2014 United States Senate elections (the last regularly scheduled elections for class 2 Senate seats), the Republicans won nine seats from the Democrats and gained a majority in the Senate.[6] Republicans defended that majority in 2016[7] and 2018, and now hold 53 Senate seats. Democrats hold 45 seats, and independents caucusing with the Democratic Party hold two seats.[8]

Including the special elections in Arizona and Georgia, Republicans will be defending 23 seats in 2020, while the Democratic Party will be defending 12 seats.[9] Democrats will need to pick up three or four seats to gain a majority, depending on which party wins control of the vice presidency.[a][10]

Election summary[edit]

Parties Total
Democratic Independent Republican
Last election (2018) 45 2 53 100
Before this election 45 2 53 100
Not up 33 2 30 65
Class 1 (20182024) 21 2 10 33
Class 3 (20162022) 12 20 32
Up 12 23 35
Class 2 (2014→2020) 12 21 33
Special: class 3 2 2
General elections
Incumbent retiring 1 3 4
Incumbent running 11 18 29
Special elections
Appointee running 2 2

Change in composition[edit]

Republicans are defending 23 seats in 2020 and Democrats 12.[9] Each block represents one of the 100 Senate seats. "D#" is a Democratic senator, "I#" is an Independent senator, and "R#" is a Republican senator. They are arranged so that the parties are separated and a majority is clear by crossing the middle.

Before the elections[edit]

Each block indicates an incumbent senator's actions going into the election. Both independents caucus with the Democrats.

I1
(Dem)
I2
(Dem)
D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40
Mich.
Running
D39
Mass.
Running
D38
Ill.
Running
D37
Del.
Running
D36
Ala.
Running
D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41
Minn.
Running
D42
N.H.
Running
D43
N.J.
Running
D44
Ore.
Running
D45
R.I.
Running
D46
Va.
Running
D47
N.M.
Retiring
R53
Wyo.
Retiring
R52
Tenn.
Retiring
R51
Kan.
Retiring
Majority → R50
W.Va.
Running
R41
Me.
Running
R42
Miss.
Running
R43
Mont.
Running
R44
Neb.
Running
R45
N.C.
Running
R46
Okla.
Running
R47
S.C.
Running
R48
S.D.
Running
R49
Texas
Running
R40
La.
Running
R39
Ky.
Running
R38
Iowa
Running
R37
Idaho
Running
R36
Ga. (sp)
Running
R35
Ga.
Running
R34
Colo.
Running
R33
Ark.
Running
R32
Ariz. (sp)
Running
R31
Alaska
Running
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the elections[edit]

I1
(Dem)
I2
(Dem)
D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
Majority →
TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
I# Independent, caucusing with Democrats

Predictions[edit]

Several sites and individuals publish predictions of competitive seats. These predictions look at factors such as the strength of the incumbent (if the incumbent is running for reelection) and the other candidates, and the state's partisan lean (reflected in part by the state's Cook Partisan Voting Index rating). The predictions assign ratings to each seat, indicating the predicted advantage that a party has in winning that seat.

Most election predictors use:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used by some predictors): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely" or "favored": significant, but surmountable, advantage
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
Constituency Incumbent 2020 election ratings
State PVI[11] Senator Last
election[c]
Cook
Jun 18,
2020
[12]
IE
Jul 10,
2020
[13]
Sabato
Jul 9,
2020
[14]
Daily Kos
Jun 4,
2020
[15]
Politico
July 6,
2020
[16]
RCP
July 9,
2020
[17]
Niskanen
April 28,
2020
[18]
Alabama R+14 Doug Jones 50.0% D
(2017 special)[d]
Lean R (flip) Lean R (flip) Likely R (flip) Likely R (flip) Lean R (flip) Likely R (flip) Lean R (flip)
Alaska R+9 Dan Sullivan 48.0% R Likely R Likely R Likely R Safe R Likely R Likely R Safe R
Arizona
(special)
R+5 Martha McSally Appointed
(2019)[e]
Tossup Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tossup Likely D (flip)
Arkansas R+15 Tom Cotton 56.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Colorado D+1 Cory Gardner 48.2% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tossup Lean D (flip) Likely D (flip)
Delaware D+6 Chris Coons 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Safe D Safe D
Georgia
(regular)
R+5 David Perdue 52.9% R Lean R Tilt R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Georgia
(special)
R+5 Kelly Loeffler Appointed
(2020)[f]
Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Idaho R+19 Jim Risch 65.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Illinois D+7 Dick Durbin 53.5% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Iowa R+3 Joni Ernst 52.1% R Lean R Tossup Lean R Lean R Tossup Tossup Tossup
Kansas R+13 Pat Roberts
(retiring)
53.1% R Lean R Lean R Likely R Likely R Likely R Lean R Tossup
Kentucky R+15 Mitch McConnell 56.2% R Likely R Safe R Likely R Safe R Likely R Likely R Likely R
Louisiana R+11 Bill Cassidy 55.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Maine D+3 Susan Collins 68.5% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Lean D (flip)
Massachusetts D+12 Ed Markey 61.9% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Michigan D+1 Gary Peters 54.6% D Lean D Lean D Lean D Lean D Lean D Lean D Safe D
Minnesota D+1 Tina Smith 53.0% D
(2018 special)[g]
Likely D Safe D Likely D Likely D Likely D Lean D Safe D
Mississippi R+9 Cindy Hyde-Smith 53.6% R
(2018 special)[h]
Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Likely R Likely R Safe R
Montana R+11 Steve Daines 57.9% R Tossup Tossup Lean R Lean R Tossup Tossup Tossup
Nebraska R+14 Ben Sasse 64.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
New Hampshire D+1 Jeanne Shaheen 51.5% D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D Likely D Lean D Safe D
New Jersey D+7 Cory Booker 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Safe D
New Mexico D+3 Tom Udall
(retiring)
55.6% D Likely D Safe D Likely D Safe D Likely D Lean D Safe D
North Carolina R+3 Thom Tillis 48.8% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup Lean D (flip)
Oklahoma R+20 Jim Inhofe 68.0% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Oregon D+5 Jeff Merkley 55.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Safe D
Rhode Island D+10 Jack Reed 70.6% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
South Carolina R+8 Lindsey Graham 55.3% R Likely R Likely R Likely R Safe R Likely R Likely R Lean R
South Dakota R+14 Mike Rounds 50.4% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Tennessee R+14 Lamar Alexander
(retiring)
61.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Likely R Likely R Safe R
Texas R+8 John Cornyn 61.6% R Likely R Lean R Likely R Likely R Lean R Lean R Likely R
Virginia D+1 Mark Warner 49.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D Safe D
West Virginia R+19 Shelley Moore Capito 62.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Wyoming R+25 Mike Enzi
(retiring)
72.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Overall[i] D - 46
R - 49
5 tossups
D - 48
R - 48
4 tossups
D - 48
R - 50
2 tossups
D - 48
R - 50
2 tossups
D - 47
R - 48
5 tossups
D - 47
R - 48
5 tossups
D - 50
R - 47
3 tossups

Election dates[edit]

These are the election dates for the regularly scheduled general elections. Bold indicates a future date.

State Filing deadline for
major party candidates[19][20]
Primary
election[19]
Primary
run-off
(if necessary)[19]
Filing deadline for minor
party and unaffiliated candidates[20]
General
election
Poll closing
(EST)[21]
Alabama November 8, 2019 March 3, 2020 July 14, 2020 March 3, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Alaska June 1, 2020 August 18, 2020 N/A August 18, 2020[j] November 3, 2020 1:00am[k]
Arizona (special) April 6, 2020[l] August 4, 2020 N/A April 6, 2020[m] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Arkansas November 11, 2019 March 3, 2020 Not necessary May 1, 2020[n] November 3, 2020 8:30pm
Colorado March 17, 2020[o] June 30, 2020 N/A July 9, 2020[p] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Delaware July 14, 2020 September 15, 2020 N/A September 1, 2020[q] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Georgia (regular) March 6, 2020 June 9, 2020 Not necessary August 14, 2020[r] November 3, 2020[s] 7:00pm
Georgia (special) March 6, 2020 November 3, 2020 N/A August 14, 2020[r] January 5, 2021[t] 9:00pm
Idaho March 13, 2020[u] June 2, 2020 N/A March 13, 2020[v] November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Illinois December 2, 2019[w] March 17, 2020 N/A August 7, 2020[x] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Iowa March 13, 2020 June 2, 2020 Not necessary[y] March 13, 2020 November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Kansas June 1, 2020 August 4, 2020 N/A August 3, 2020 November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Kentucky January 10, 2020 June 23, 2020 N/A June 2, 2020[z] November 3, 2020 7:00pm
Louisiana July 17, 2020 November 3, 2020 N/A July 17, 2020 December 5, 2020[t] 9:00pm
Maine March 16, 2020[aa] July 14, 2020 N/A June 1, 2020[ab] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Massachusetts May 5, 2020 September 1, 2020 N/A August 25, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Michigan May 8, 2020[ac] August 4, 2020 N/A July 16, 2020[ad] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Minnesota June 2, 2020 August 11, 2020 N/A June 2, 2020[ae] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
Mississippi January 10, 2020 March 10, 2020 Not necessary January 10, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Montana March 9, 2020 June 2, 2020 N/A June 1, 2020[af] November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Nebraska March 2, 2020[ag] May 12, 2020 N/A August 3, 2020[ah] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
New Hampshire June 12, 2020 September 8, 2020 N/A September 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
New Jersey March 30, 2020 July 7, 2020 N/A July 7, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
New Mexico March 10, 2020[ai] June 2, 2020 N/A June 25, 2020[aj] November 3, 2020 9:00pm
North Carolina December 20, 2019 March 3, 2020 Not necessary March 3, 2020[ak] November 3, 2020 7:30pm
Oklahoma April 10, 2020 June 30, 2020 Not necessary April 10, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Oregon March 10, 2020 May 19, 2020 N/A August 25, 2020 November 3, 2020 10:00pm
Rhode Island June 24, 2020 September 8, 2020 N/A June 24, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
South Carolina March 30, 2020 June 9, 2020 Not necessary August 17, 2020 November 3, 2020 7:00pm
South Dakota March 31, 2020 June 2, 2020 Not necessary April 28, 2020 November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Tennessee April 2, 2020 August 6, 2020 N/A April 2, 2020[al] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Texas December 9, 2019 March 3, 2020 July 14, 2020 August 13, 2020[am] November 3, 2020 8:00pm
Virginia March 26, 2020 June 23, 2020 N/A June 23, 2020 November 3, 2020 7:00pm
West Virginia January 25, 2020 June 9, 2020 N/A July 31, 2020[an] November 3, 2020 7:30pm
Wyoming May 29, 2020 August 18, 2020 N/A August 25, 2020 November 3, 2020 9:00pm

Race summary[edit]

Special elections during the preceding Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners will serve when they are elected and qualified.

Elections are sorted by date then state.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona
(Class 3)
Martha McSally Republican 2019 (appointed) Incumbent running.
  • Mohammad Arif (Independent) (write-in)[44]
  • Bo "Heir Archy" Garcia (Democratic) (write-in)[45]
  • Barry Hess (Libertarian) (write-in)[45]
  • Robert Kay (Independent) (write-in)[46]
  • Mark Kelly (Democratic)[45]
  • Sean Lyons (Republican) (write-in)[45]
  • Daniel McCarthy (Republican)[45]
  • Martha McSally (Republican)[45]
  • Alan White (Libertarian) (write-in)[45]
Georgia
(Class 3)
Kelly Loeffler Republican 2020 (appointed) Incumbent running.

Elections leading to the next Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners will be elected for the term beginning January 3, 2021. All of the elections involve class 2 seats; they are ordered by state.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Doug Jones Democratic 2017 (special) Incumbent renominated.
Alaska Dan Sullivan Republican 2014 Incumbent running.
Arkansas Tom Cotton Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Colorado Cory Gardner Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Delaware Chris Coons Democratic 2010 (special)
2014
Incumbent running.
Georgia David Perdue Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Idaho Jim Risch Republican 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Illinois Dick Durbin Democratic 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Iowa Joni Ernst Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Kansas Pat Roberts Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
Kentucky Mitch McConnell Republican 1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Louisiana Bill Cassidy Republican 2014 Incumbent running.
Maine Susan Collins Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent running.
  • Joshua Arnone (Independent)[92]
  • Tiffany Bond (Independent)[92]
  • Susan Collins (Republican)[93]
  • Amy Colter (Republican) (write-in)[93]
  • Sara Gideon (Democratic)[93]
  • Steven Golieb (Independent)[94]
  • Leigh Hawes (Independent)[95]
  • Bre Kidman (Democratic)[93]
  • Max Linn (Independent)[93]
  • Lisa Savage (Independent)[93]
  • Betsy Sweet (Democratic)[93]
  • Danielle VanHelsing (Independent)[96]
  • Linda Wooten (Independent)[92]
Massachusetts Ed Markey Democratic 2013 (special)
2014
Incumbent running.
Michigan Gary Peters Democratic 2014 Incumbent running.
Minnesota Tina Smith Democratic 2018 (appointed)
2018 (special)
Incumbent running.
  • John Berman (Republican)[102]
  • Steve Carlson (Democratic)[102]
  • Bob Carney (Republican)[102]
  • Cynthia Gail (Republican)[102]
  • Ahmad Hassan (Democratic)[102]
  • Jason Lewis (Republican)[102]
  • Kevin O'Connor (Legal Marijuana)[102]
  • Paula Overby (Democratic)[102]
  • James Reibestein (Republican)[102]
  • Christopher Seymore, Sr. (Democratic)[102]
  • Tina Smith (Democratic)[102]
  • Oliver Steinberg (Grassroots - Legalize Cannabis)[102]
Mississippi Cindy Hyde-Smith Republican 2018 (appointed)
2018 (special)
Incumbent renominated.
Montana Steve Daines Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Nebraska Ben Sasse Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent running.
New Jersey Cory Booker Democratic 2013 (special)
2014
Incumbent renominated.
New Mexico Tom Udall Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
North Carolina Thom Tillis Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe Republican 1994 (special)
1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Oregon Jeff Merkley Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Rhode Island Jack Reed Democratic 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent running.
South Carolina Lindsey Graham Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
South Dakota Mike Rounds Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Tennessee Lamar Alexander Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
  • Clifford Adkins (Republican)[121]
  • Marquita Bradshaw (Democratic)[121]
  • Natisha Brooks (Republican)[121]
  • Byron Bush (Republican)[121]
  • Roy Dale Cope (Republican)[121]
  • Terry Dicus (Republican)[121]
  • Gary Davis (Democratic)[121]
  • Tom Emerson Jr. (Republican)[121]
  • Romi Faparusi (Independent)[121]
  • George Flinn Sr. (Republican)[121]
  • Jeffrey Grunau (Independent)[121]
  • Bill Hagerty (Republican)[121]
  • Robin Kimbrough Hayes (Democratic)[121]
  • Ronnie Henley (Independent)[121]
  • Jon Henry (Republican)[121]
  • G. Dean Hill (Independent)[121]
  • Steven Hooper (Independent)[121]
  • Aaron James (Independent)[121]
  • James Mackler (Democratic)[121]
  • Elizabeth Macleod (Independent)[121]
  • Kacey Morgan (Independent)[121]
  • Kent Morrell (Republican)[121]
  • Glen Neal (Republican)[121]
  • John Osborne (Republican)[121]
  • Aaron Pettigrew (Republican)[121]
  • Mark Pickrell (Democratic)[121]
  • Danny Schuster (Republican)[121]
  • Manny Sethi (Republican)[121]
  • Eric Stansberry (Independent)[121]
Texas John Cornyn Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
Virginia Mark Warner Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent renominated.
West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito Republican 2014 Incumbent renominated.
Wyoming Mike Enzi Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent retiring.
  • Mark Armstrong (Republican)[133]
  • Merav Ben-David (Democratic)[133]
  • Devon Cade (Republican)[133]
  • Kenneth Casner (Democratic)[133]
  • James DeBrine (Democratic)[133]
  • John Holtz (Republican)[133]
  • Michael Kemler (Republican)[133]
  • Yana Ludwig (Democratic)[133]
  • Cynthia Lummis (Republican)[133]
  • Bryan Miller (Republican)[133]
  • Donna Rice (Republican)[133]
  • Star Roselli (Republican)[133]
  • Robert Short (Republican)[133]
  • Nathan Wendt (Democratic)[133]
  • Joshua Wheeler (Republican)[133]
  • Rex Wilde (Democratic)[133]

Alabama[edit]

Alabama election

← 2017 (special) November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Senator Doug Jones official photo (cropped 2).jpg No image.svg
Nominee Doug Jones TBD
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Doug Jones
Democratic



Incumbent Democrat Doug Jones was elected in a special election in 2017, narrowly defeating Republican nominee Roy Moore. Jones is running for his first full term as a senator.[134][135]

Former senator and attorney general Jeff Sessions and former Auburn University football head coach Tommy Tuberville advanced in the Republican primary on March 3 and will face each other in a runoff on July 14. Sessions occupied the seat until 2017, when he resigned to become attorney general in the Trump administration.

Defeated in the primary were 2017 Republican nominee Roy Moore, evangelist Stanley Adair,[136] Representative Bradley Byrne,[137] state representative Arnold Mooney,[138] and community activist Ruth Page Nelson.[139]

Alabama is one of the country's most Republican states and Jones's win was in part due to sexual assault allegations against his Republican opponent, Roy Moore. Most analysts expect this seat to flip back to GOP control. Jones will face much stronger opposition this time around, facing either former Auburn head coach Tommy Tuberville or former senator Jeff Sessions, depending on who wins the Republican runoff primary. Despite some competitive polling, many in the Democratic establishment see Jones's seat as a lost cause, and he has struggled to raise money.[140]

Alaska[edit]

Alaska election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Senator Dan Sullivan official.jpg
Nominee Dan Sullivan
Party Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Dan Sullivan
Republican



One-term Republican Dan Sullivan was elected in 2014, defeating incumbent Democrat Mark Begich. He is running for a second term.[141]

Potential Democratic candidates include Begich, who was the Democratic nominee for governor of Alaska in 2018, and Anchorage mayor Ethan Berkowitz, who was the Democratic nominee for governor of Alaska in 2010. No Democrat filed to run by the June 1 filing deadline.

On July 2, 2019, Al Gross, an orthopedic surgeon and fisherman, declared his candidacy as an Independent.[142]

Arizona (Special)[edit]

Republican senator John McCain was elected to a sixth term in 2016, but died in office in August 2018.[143] Republican governor Doug Ducey appointed former senator Jon Kyl to fill McCain's seat for the remainder of the 115th United States Congress.[144] After the end of the 115th Congress, Ducey appointed outgoing U.S. representative and 2018 Republican Senate nominee Martha McSally as Kyl's successor for the 116th Congress.[145] McSally is running in the 2020 special election to fill the remainder of the term, which expires in 2022.[146]

Retired astronaut Mark Kelly is running for the Democratic nomination.[147]

Once a solidly Republican state, Arizona has trended more purple in recent years. Incumbent Republican Martha McSally was appointed to the seat of the late John McCain two months after losing the 2018 Arizona U.S. Senate election to Democrat Kyrsten Sinema. Her Democratic opponent, astronaut Mark Kelly (who is married to former representative Gabrielle Giffords), has raised significantly more money and generally leads her by 5-15 points in polling. McSally is also suffering from low approval ratings due to her strong allegiance to Trump, who is unpopular in Arizona despite winning the state by 3.5 points in 2016.[148]

Arkansas[edit]

Arkansas election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Tom Cotton official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Ricky Harrington.jpg
Nominee Tom Cotton Ricky Harrington Jr.
Party Republican Libertarian

Incumbent U.S. senator

Tom Cotton
Republican



One-term Republican Tom Cotton was elected in 2014 after serving two years in the United States House of Representatives, defeating incumbent Democratic senator Mark Pryor by a comfortable margin. Cotton is seeking a second term.[149]

Joshua Mahony, a nonprofit executive and 2018 Democratic nominee for Congress in Arkansas's 3rd congressional district, filed to run for the Democratic nomination,[150] but dropped out just after the filing deadline.[151] No other Democrats filed within the filing deadline.

Christian missionary Ricky Dale Harrington, Jr., is running as a Libertarian,[152] and progressive activist Dan Whitfield is running as an independent.[153]

Colorado[edit]

Colorado election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Cory Gardner official Senate portrait (cropped).jpeg John Hickenlooper June 2019.jpg
Nominee Cory Gardner John Hickenlooper
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Cory Gardner
Republican



One-term Republican Cory Gardner was elected in 2014 after serving four years in the United States House of Representatives, narrowly defeating one-term Democrat Mark Udall. Gardner is seeking reelection in 2020.[154]

Announced Democratic candidates include former Colorado governor John Hickenlooper and former state House speaker Andrew Romanoff.

John Hickenlooper is the Democratic challenger to one-term Republican incumbent Cory Gardner, and generally leads Gardner by 10-20 points in the polls, with many pundits already considering him a favorite to win. Gardner is Colorado's only Republican statewide officeholder, and the once purple state has trended increasingly Democratic since Gardner's narrow win in 2014. Gardner also has low approval ratings due to his strong allegiance to Donald Trump, who is unpopular in Colorado. Hickenlooper has also raised significantly more money than Gardner.[155]

Delaware[edit]

One-term Democrat Chris Coons was reelected in 2014; Coons first took office after winning a 2010 special election, which occurred after longtime senator Joe Biden resigned his seat to become vice president of the United States.

Conservative activist Lauren Witzke and attorney Jim DeMartino are running for the Republican nomination to take on Sen. Coons.

Georgia[edit]

Due to the resignation of Republican senator Johnny Isakson at the end of 2019, both of Georgia's seats will be up for election this year. While the state overall still leans Republican, increased support for Democrats in Atlanta's suburbs has made the state more competitive, with a close governor's race, multiple close U.S. House races, and many other close local office races resulting in Democratic gains in 2018. Both elections are seen competitive after the incumbent of the regular election Republican David Perdue, will face Jon Ossoff who won name recognition after losing the most expensive house race in US history. Unlike the regular election, the special election is being conducted as a jungle primary: all candidates are listed on the same ballot regardless of party affiliation, and if no candidate gets more than 50% of the vote, the top two will advance to a runoff on January 5, 2021. As in the regular election, there is a crowded field of Democratic candidates, but there is also a bitter contest on the Republican side between incumbent Kelly Loeffler, a businesswoman appointed to the seat after Isakson's resignation, and Doug Collins, a well-known U.S. representative. Collins leads Loeffler in the polls due to allegations of insider trading against Loeffler.[156]

Georgia (General)[edit]

Georgia general election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  David Perdue, Official Portrait, 114th Congress (cropped).jpg Ossoff-Mar-15-17.png
Nominee David Perdue Jon Ossoff
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

David Perdue
Republican



One-term Republican David Perdue was elected in 2014. He is seeking a second term in 2020.[157]

Former Columbus mayor Teresa Tomlinson and [158] 2018 lieutenant governor nominee Sarah Riggs Amico[159] lost the Democratic nomination to former congressional candidate Jon Ossoff, a documentary film producer and investigative journalist.[160] (Other potential Democratic candidates who did not run included former state senator Jason Carter and state representative Scott Holcomb.[157]) Ossoff will face Perdue in November.

Georgia (Special)[edit]

Georgia special election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2022 →

Incumbent U.S. senator

Kelly Loeffler
Republican



Three-term senator Johnny Isakson announced that he would resign from the Senate at the end of 2019, citing health concerns.[161] A "Louisiana primary" will be held on November 3, 2020; a candidate earning a majority of votes cast will win, but if no one candidate wins a majority, a runoff election between the top two finishers will be held in January 2021.[162] The winner of the special election will serve until the expiration of Isakson's Senate term on January 3, 2023.

Georgia governor Brian Kemp appointed Republican Kelly Loeffler to the seat; Loeffler took office on January 6, 2020, and will compete in the November 2020 election.[163] Other Republicans running for the seat include Wayne Johnson, former chief operating officer of the Office of Federal Student Aid,[164] and four-term U.S. representative Doug Collins.[165]

Democrats running for the seat include Raphael Warnock,[166][167] Matt Lieberman,[168] Ed Tarver,[169][170] and Richard Dien Winfield.[171]

Idaho[edit]

Idaho election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Jim Risch official portrait (cropped).jpg PauletteJordanIF7a (cropped).jpg
Nominee Jim Risch Paulette Jordan
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jim Risch
Republican



Two-term Republican Jim Risch was easily reelected in 2014. On August 13, 2019, he announced that he would seek a third term.[172] Former gubernatorial nominee Paulette Jordan won the Democratic nomination in a primary against retired cop Jim Vandermaas.

Illinois[edit]

Illinois election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Richard Durbin official photo (cropped).jpg No image.svg
Nominee Dick Durbin Mark Curran
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Dick Durbin
Democratic



Four-term Democrat Dick Durbin, the Senate minority whip, was reelected in 2014 and is seeking a fifth term.[173]

Mark Curran, who served as the sheriff of Lake County from 2006 to 2018, won the Republican primary with 41.55% of the vote and will face Durbin in the general election.[174]

Antiwar activist Marilyn Jordan Lawlor[175] and state representative Anne Stava-Murray[176] were going to challenge Durbin in the Democratic primary, but both withdrew.[177][178]

Republicans who ran include businessman Casey Chlebek,[179] U.S. Navy veteran and former police officer Peggy Hubbard,[180] Vietnam War veteran, physician, and 2018 Democratic primary candidate for governor of Illinois Robert Marshall,[181][182] Omeed Memar,[183] a dermatologist convicted of health care fraud in 2018,[184] Preston Gabriel Nelson,[185] Dean Seppelfrick,[186] and Tom Tarter.[187]

Iowa[edit]

Iowa election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Joni Ernst, official portrait, 116th Congress 3 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Joni Ernst Theresa Greenfield
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Joni Ernst
Republican



One-term Republican Joni Ernst was elected in 2014 after serving four years in the state Senate. She is seeking a second term.[188]

Democrats in the primary included former vice-admiral Michael T. Franken, attorney Kimberly Graham and businessman Eddie Mauro. Real estate broker Theresa Greenfield won the nomination.

Republican incumbent Joni Ernst has lost popularity due to her strong support for Trump and for trade tariffs that are unpopular among Iowa farmers. But Democrats have had a hard time winning statewide in Iowa in recent years, narrowly losing the governor's election in 2018. Trump won the state by 9 points in 2016 after Barack Obama carried it in both 2008 and 2012. Democrats do hold three of Iowa's four congressional seats, picking up two of them in 2018. Theresa Greenfield, a first-time candidate backed by the Democratic establishment, is the Democratic nominee, defeating admiral Michael Franken, attorney Kimberly Graham, and businessman Eddie Mauro in the primary. Greenfield and Ernst are polling neck-and-neck in the general election, but Greenfield lacks name recognition, despite raising more money than Ernst.[189]

Kansas[edit]

Four-term Republican Pat Roberts is retiring and will not run for reelection.

Former secretary of state Kris Kobach,[190] state Turnpike Authority chairman (and former Kansas City Chief defensive end) Dave Lindstrom,[191] U.S. representative Roger Marshall, plumber/businessman Bob Hamilton, Kansas Board of Education member Steve Roberts,[192] state senate president Susan Wagle, and Republican socialist Brian Matlock have all announced their candidacies.[193] Wagle has since withdrawn.

Other potential candidates (who ultimately did not run) included state attorney general Derek Schmidt and wealthy businessman and former 2018 lieutenant governor nominee Wink Hartman.

Kansas state treasurer Jake LaTurner[194] previously sought the nomination, but announced on September 3, 2019 that he was dropping out of the Senate race to run for the U.S. House of Representatives.[195]

There was considerable speculation about a Senate bid by Mike Pompeo (the United States secretary of state, former director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and former U.S. representative for Kansas's 4th congressional district), but he opted not to run.[196][197]

Among Democrats, former Republican turned Democratic state senator Barbara Bollier is running,[198] as is Robert Tillman, nominee for Kansas's 4th congressional district in 2012 and candidate in 2016 and 2017.[199]

Former congressional candidate Brent Welder is also considered a potential candidate for the Democratic nomination.[200]

Former U.S. attorney Barry Grissom,[201] mayor of Manhattan Usha Reddi,[202] and former congresswoman Nancy Boyda[203] announced runs, but withdrew before the primary. Former governor Kathleen Sebelius declined to run.

The likely Democratic nominee is state senator Barbara Bollier, who was a Republican until 2018. The Republican primary's front-runners are former Kansas secretary of state Kris Kobach and Congressman Roger Marshall. If Marshall wins the primary, he is expected to defeat Bollier as Kansas is a reliably Republican state. But if Kobach wins the primary, he is polling neck-and-neck with Bollier, as he is a controversial figure who lost the 2018 Kansas gubernatorial election to Democrat Laura Kelly. Marshall and Kobach are polling neck-and-neck.[204]

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Mitch McConnell 2016 official photo (cropped).jpg Amy McGrath Event- (49220643717) 1.jpg
Nominee Mitch McConnell Amy McGrath
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mitch McConnell
Republican



Six-term Republican and current Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell was reelected by a comfortable margin in 2014 and is seeking a seventh term.

Most pundits see this as a likely Republican hold due to incumbent Republican Mitch McConnell's large amount of reelection campaign funds, but he is one of the country's most unpopular senators, and his Democratic opponent, former Marine fighter pilot Amy McGrath, has been a strong fundraiser and trails McConnell only by single digits in polling. McConnell has proven to be a tough campaigner, however, and Kentucky is one of the most Republican states in the country. Democrat Andy Beshear narrowly won the Kentucky governor's race in 2019, unseating a similarly unpopular Republican incumbent.[205]

Mary Ann Tobin filed papers to run for the U.S. Senate on January 10, 2020. She is the former Kentucky auditor of public accounts and a state legislator.[206]

Amy McGrath announced her candidacy on July 9, 2019.[207] She is a former Marine and Navy fighter pilot who ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 2018 against incumbent representative Andy Barr.

Charles Booker, a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives[208] and Kentucky's youngest black state lawmaker,[209] entered the Senate race on January 5, 2020.[210] Booker has recently gained popularity among progressives in the United States after the killing of George Floyd. McGrath defeated him by less than 3 percentage points.

Other candidates for the Democratic nomination were Jimmy Ausbrooks, a mental health counselor;[211] Mike Broihier, farmer and former U.S. Marine;[212] Andrew Maynard,[213] John R. Sharpensteen[213] and local business owner Bennie J. Smith.[214] Other potential Democratic candidates included state representative Rocky Adkins.[215] Steven Cox, a registered pharmacy technician,[216] dropped out and endorsed Booker.[217]

Louisiana[edit]

One-term Republican Bill Cassidy was elected in 2014 after serving six years in the United States House of Representatives, defeating three-term Democrat Mary Landrieu. He is running for reelection.[218]

A jungle primary will be held on November 3, 2020; if no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the primary, a runoff election will be held.

Maine[edit]

Maine election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →

Incumbent U.S. senator

Susan Collins
Republican



Four-term Republican Susan Collins was reelected by a wide margin in 2014. She is seeking a fifth term.[219]

Democrats running include state House speaker Sara Gideon,[220] attorney Bre Kidman,[221] and activist and 2018 gubernatorial candidate Betsy Sweet.[222]

Collins is polling neck-and-neck with or slightly behind her likely Democratic challenger, Sara Gideon. Collins has never faced a competitive election during her 24 years in the Senate even though Maine leans Democratic, as she has projected a centrist image. But she faces growing unpopularity due to her increasingly conservative voting record and her votes to confirm Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court and to acquit Trump. Gideon raised over three times as much money as Collins in the first quarter of 2020.[223]

Massachusetts[edit]

One-term Democrat Ed Markey was reelected in 2014; Markey won a 2013 special election to replace longtime incumbent John Kerry, who resigned from the Senate to become U.S. secretary of state. He is running for a second term.[224]

Joe Kennedy III, four-term U.S. representative for Massachusetts's Fourth District and grandson of former U.S. senator and U.S. attorney general Robert F. Kennedy, is challenging Markey for the Democratic nomination.[225]

Noted conspiracy theorist Shiva Ayyadurai, an independent candidate for U.S. Senate in 2018, and attorney Kevin O'Connor are seeking the Republican nomination.[226][227]

Michigan[edit]

Michigan election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Gary Peters official photo 115th congress.jpg John James 3 (1).png
Nominee Gary Peters John James
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Gary Peters
Democratic



One-term Democrat Gary Peters was elected in 2014 after serving six years in the U.S. House of Representatives. He is seeking a second term.[228]

2018 Senate nominee John James has declared his candidacy for the Republican nomination.[229] He faced token opposition for the Republican nomination from perennial candidate Bob Carr.[230]

Michigan is one of the most competitive states in national elections, and Democrat Gary Peters is running for a second term. He will face Republican Iraq War veteran John James, who came unexpectedly close to unseating Michigan's other Democratic senator, Debbie Stabenow, in 2018. Stabenow is a longtime senator whose name recognition Peters lacks, but Republicans are growing more unpopular in Michigan after the state narrowly voted for Trump in 2016, then switched back to Democrats in all statewide races in 2018. Peters generally leads James by 8-12 points in the polls.[231]

Minnesota[edit]

Incumbent Democrat Tina Smith was appointed to the U.S. Senate to replace Al Franken in 2018 after serving as lieutenant governor, and won a special election later in 2018 to serve the remainder of Franken's term. She is seeking a full term in 2020.[232]

2018 Senate candidate Steve Carlson, 2018 Green Party Senate candidate Paula Overby and minor candidates Ahmad Hassan and Christopher Seymore are running for the Democratic nomination against the seat's current incumbent. Minor candidates W.D. "Bill" Hamm and Alexandra Marie Holker also challenged Smith in the Democratic primary.

Former congressman Jason Lewis is running for the Republican nomination.[233] He was opposed by Rob Barrett Jr., assistant professor at North Central University, activist Christopher Chamberlin, and minor candidates Forest Hyatt and Theron Preston Washington. He remains opposed by minor candidates John Berman, Bob Carney and James Reibestein.

Mississippi[edit]

Mississippi election
Flag of the United States.svg
← 2018 (special) November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Cindy Hyde-Smith official photo (cropped).jpg Mike Espy 20120223-OCE-RBN-1281 (cropped 2).jpg
Nominee Cindy Hyde-Smith Mike Espy
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican



After seven-term Republican senator Thad Cochran resigned in April 2018, Republican governor Phil Bryant appointed state agriculture commissioner Cindy Hyde-Smith to succeed him until a special election could be held later in the year. Hyde-Smith won the November 2018 special election to fill the remainder of Cochran's term, which ends in January 2021. Hyde-Smith is running for a full term.[234] She was unopposed in the Republican primary.

Former U.S. secretary of agriculture and 2018 Senate candidate Mike Espy won the Democratic primary with 93.1% of the vote.[235]

Libertarian candidate Jimmy Edwards also made the general election ballot.

Montana[edit]

Montana election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Steve Daines official Senate portrait (cropped).jpg Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Nominee Steve Daines Steve Bullock
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Steve Daines
Republican



One-term Republican Steve Daines was elected in 2014 after serving two years in the United States House of Representatives. He is seeking a second term.[236]

Daines was opposed (prior to his nomination) in the Republican primary by hardware store manager Daniel Larson and former Democratic speaker of the Montana House of Representatives John Driscoll.

Incumbent governor Steve Bullock won the Democratic nomination,[237] having competed in the primary against nuclear engineer and U.S. Navy veteran John Mues.[238]

Libertarian and Green party candidates will also appear on the general election ballot.

Once seen as likely to remain in Republican hands, Steve Daines's seat is now competitive due to the last-minute entry of popular Democratic governor Steve Bullock. Bullock leads Daines by single digits in the most recent polling and Bullock has also raised more money than Daines. But Montana is expected to be safely Republican in the presidential election, meaning that Bullock is relying on Montana's history of ticket splitting, as he did in 2016 when he was reelected to a second gubernatorial term by 4 points despite Trump winning the state by 20 points. Montana also reelected Jon Tester, a Democrat, to the Senate in 2018, by 4 points. Daines was elected to a first term by a comfortable margin in 2014.[239]

Nebraska[edit]

Nebraska election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Ben Sasse Official photo (cropped).jpg Chris janicek.jpg
Nominee Ben Sasse Chris Janicek
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Ben Sasse
Republican



One-term Republican Ben Sasse was elected in 2014 after serving as the president of Midland University. He is seeking a second term.[240]

Sasse defeated businessman and former Lancaster County Republican Party chair Matt Innis in the Republican primary with 75.2% of the vote.

Businessman and 2018 U.S. Senate candidate Chris Janicek won the Democratic primary with 30.7% of the vote, defeating six other candidates.

Libertarian candidate Gene Siadek will also appear on the general election ballot.

New Hampshire[edit]

Two-term Democrat Jeanne Shaheen was narrowly reelected in 2014. She is seeking a third term.[241]

Former U.S. Army brigadier general Donald C. Bolduc, perennial candidate Andy Martin, and attorney Corky Messner are running for the Republican nomination.[242][243][244]

Libertarian Justin O'Donnell will appear on the general election ballot.[245]

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Cory Booker, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Nominee Cory Booker Rik Mehta
Party Democratic Republican

One-term Democrat Cory Booker was reelected in 2014; he first took office by winning a 2013 special election after serving seven years as mayor of Newark. Booker sought his party's nomination for President of the United States in 2020. Although the state allows him to simultaneously run for both president and for the U.S. Senate, Booker suspended his presidential campaign on January 13, 2020, and confirmed his intention to seek a second Senate term.[246]

Republican candidates are pharmacist, Georgetown University law professor, and attorney Rik Mehta, engineer Hirsh Singh, 2018 Independent U.S. Senate candidate Tricia Flanagan, 2018 Independent U.S. Senate candidate Natalie Lynn Rivera, and Eugene Anagnos.

Green Party candidate Madelyn Hoffman and two Independent candidates will also appear on the general election ballot.

New Jerseyans have not elected a Republican senator since 1972, and all pundits concur that Booker will easily be reelected.

New Mexico[edit]

New Mexico election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  BenLujan2016 (cropped).jpg No image.svg
Nominee Ben Ray Luján Mark Ronchetti
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Tom Udall
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Tom Udall is the only incumbent Democratic U.S. senator retiring in 2020.[247]

U.S. representative Ben Ray Luján[248] was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.

Among Republicans, former U.S. Interior Department official Gavin Clarkson and executive director for the New Mexico Alliance for Life Elisa Martinez ran. They lost in the primary to former KRQE chief meteorologist Mark Ronchetti.[249][250][251]

Libertarian Bob Walsh will appear on the general election ballot.

North Carolina[edit]

North Carolina election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Thom Tillis Official Photo (cropped).jpg James "Cal" Cunningham (cropped 2).jpg
Nominee Thom Tillis Cal Cunningham
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Thom Tillis
Republican



One-term Republican Thom Tillis was elected in 2014 after serving eight years in the state House of Representatives, narrowly defeating one-term Democrat Kay Hagan. He faced a primary challenge from three different candidates.

State senator Erica D. Smith, Mecklenburg County commissioner Trevor Fuller, and former state senator Cal Cunningham ran for the Democratic nomination.

On March 3, 2020, Tillis and Cunningham won their parties' primaries.[252]

The Libertarian Party and the Constitution Party have candidates on the general election ballot.

Incumbent Republican Thom Tillis was narrowly elected to a first term in 2014, but has grown unpopular among both centrist and conservative Republicans due to his inconsistent support of Trump. Tillis also suffers from low name recognition. North Carolina is also trending more purple, electing a Democratic governor in 2016. Tillis will face Democrat Cal Cunningham in the general election. Cunningham leads slightly in the polls.[253]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oklahoma election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Jim Inhofe official portrait.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Jim Inhofe Abby Broyles
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jim Inhofe
Republican



Four-term Republican Jim Inhofe was easily reelected in 2014. He is seeking a fifth term.

J.J. Stitt, a farmer and gun shop owner, Neil Mavis, a former Libertarian Party candidate, and John Tompkins are challenging Inhofe for the Republican nomination.[254]

Democrats in the race include attorney Abby Broyles, perennial candidate Sheila Bilyeu, 2018 5th congressional district candidate Elysabeth Britt, and R.O. Joe Cassity Jr.

Libertarian candidate Robert Murphy and two Independents will also appear on the general election ballot.

Oklahoma is one of the most solidly Republican states and Inhofe is expected to be reelected with ease.

Oregon[edit]

Oregon election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Jeff Merkley, 115th official photo (cropped).jpg Jo Rae Perkins.png
Nominee Jeff Merkley Jo Rae Perkins
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jeff Merkley
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Jeff Merkley was reelected by a comfortable margin in 2014. Merkley, who was considered a possible 2020 presidential candidate, is instead seeking a third Senate term and was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[255]

2014 U.S. Senate and 2018 U.S. House candidate Jo Rae Perkins is the Republican nominee, defeating three other candidates with 49.29% of the vote. She is a supporter of the QAnon conspiracy theory.[256]

Green Party candidate Ibrahim Taher will also be on the general election ballot.

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Jack Reed, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg 3x4.svg
Nominee Jack Reed Allen Waters
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Jack Reed
Democratic



Four-term Democrat Jack Reed was easily reelected in 2014. Reed is seeking a fifth term and was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[citation needed]

Investment consultant Allen Waters was unopposed for the Republican nomination.

No third party candidates filed for the election.

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Lindsey Graham, official photo, 113th Congress (cropped).jpg Jaime Harrison (2017).jpg
Nominee Lindsey Graham Jaime Harrison
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Lindsey Graham
Republican



Three-term Republican Lindsey Graham was reelected in 2014 and is seeking a fourth term. He defeated three opponents in the Republican primary held on June 9, 2020.[257]

Former South Carolina Democratic Party chairman Jaime Harrison is unopposed for the Democratic nomination.

The Libertarian Party and Constitution Party will also field a candidate for the general election and one Independent candidate is also running.

South Dakota[edit]

South Dakota election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Mike Rounds official Senate portrait (cropped).jpg No image.svg
Nominee Mike Rounds Dan Ahlers
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mike Rounds
Republican



One-term Republican Mike Rounds was elected in 2014 after serving two terms as the governor of South Dakota. He faced a primary challenge from state representative Scyller Borglum.[258]

Former South Dakota state representative Dan Ahlers was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[259]

One independent candidate, Clayton Walker, is also running.[120]

Tennessee[edit]

Three-term Republican Lamar Alexander was reelected in 2014. He announced in December 2018 that he would not seek a fourth term.[260]

Among Republicans, orthopedic surgeon Manny Sethi has announced his candidacy,[261] as has former ambassador to Japan William F. Hagerty.[262] President Trump has endorsed Hagerty.[263] 13 other Republicans are also running for the nomination.

James Mackler, an Iraq War veteran and Nashville attorney, has announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination. Four other Democrats are also running for the nomination.

Nine Independent candidates will also appear on the general election ballot.

Texas[edit]

Texas election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  John Cornyn (cropped).jpg No image.svg
Nominee John Cornyn TBD
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

John Cornyn
Republican



Three-term Republican John Cornyn was reelected in 2014 by a wide margin and is seeking a fourth term.[264]

Cornyn defeated four other candidates in the Republican primary with 76.04% of the vote.

Democrats MJ Hegar, an Air Force combat veteran who was the 2018 Democratic nominee for Texas's 31st congressional district,[265] and state senator Royce West were the top two vote getters in a field of 13 candidates in the Democratic primary, and have advanced to a primary runoff election on July 14, 2020 to decide who will be the Democratic nominee.

The Libertarian Party, Human Rights Party, and People over Politics Party will also appear on the general election ballot, alongside four Independent candidates.

Virginia[edit]

Virginia election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Mark Warner 113th Congress photo (cropped).jpg Daniel Gade (cropped).jpg
Nominee Mark Warner Daniel Gade
Party Democratic Republican

Incumbent U.S. senator

Mark Warner
Democratic



Two-term Democrat Mark Warner was reelected by a very narrow margin in 2014 after winning easily in 2008. He is seeking a third term and is unopposed in the Democratic primary.[266]

Republicans in the race include teacher Allisa Baldwin,[267] professor and U.S. Army veteran Daniel Gade,[268] and U.S. Army veteran and intelligence officer Thomas Speciale.[269]

Two independent candidates will also appear on the general election ballot.

West Virginia[edit]

West Virginia election

← 2014 November 3, 2020 2026 →
  Shelley Moore Capito official Senate photo (cropped 2).jpg Portrait of Paula Jean Swearengin.png
Nominee Shelley Moore Capito Paula Jean Swearengin
Party Republican Democratic

Incumbent U.S. senator

Shelley Moore Capito
Republican



One-term Republican Shelley Moore Capito was easily elected after serving 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives. She is being challenged in the Republican primary by farmer Larry Butcher, and Allen Whitt, president of the West Virginia Family Policy Council.[270]

Environmental activist Paula Jean Swearengin, a candidate for U.S. Senate in 2018,[271] won the Democratic primary, beating former mayor of South Charleston Richie Robb and former state senator Richard Ojeda, a nominee for the U.S. House of Representatives in West Virginia's 3rd congressional district in 2018 and briefly a 2020 presidential candidate. Independent candidate Franklin Riley will also appear on the general election ballot.

Wyoming[edit]

Four-term Republican Mike Enzi was reelected in 2014, and announced in May 2019 that he will retire.

Announced Republican candidates include former congresswoman Cynthia Lummis.[272] 8 other candidates have filed for the Republican nomination.

Chuck Jagoda, a teacher,[273] announced a run but withdrew before the primary.[133] Yana Ludwig, an activist and community organizer,[274] Merav Ben-David, a University of Wyoming ecology professor, think-tank executive Nathan Wendt, perennial candidates Rex Wilde and Kenneth R. Casner, and James DeBrine are seeking the Democratic nomination.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Because the vice president of the United States has the power to break ties in the Senate, a Senate majority requires either 51 Senate seats without control of the vice presidency or 50 seats with control of the vice presidency. Thus, assuming that the two independents continue to caucus with the Senate Democratic Caucus, the Democrats will have to pick up at least three Senate seats to win a majority. If a Republican is elected as vice president in the 2020 election, then Democrats will have to pick up at least four Senate seats to win a majority.
  2. ^ The 2 independents, Bernie Sanders and Angus King, have caucused with the Democratic Party since joining the Senate.
  3. ^ The last elections for this group of senators were in 2014, except for those elected in a special election or who were appointed after the resignation or passing of a sitting senator, as noted.
  4. ^ Republican Jeff Sessions ran uncontested in 2014 and won with 97.3% of the vote, but resigned on February 8, 2017 to become United States Attorney General.
  5. ^ Republican John McCain won in 2016 with 53.7% of the vote, but died on August 25, 2018.
  6. ^ Republican Johnny Isakson won with 54.8% of the vote in 2016, but resigned on December 31, 2019, due to declining health.
  7. ^ Democrat Al Franken won with 53.2% of the vote in 2014, but resigned on January 2, 2018.
  8. ^ Republican Thad Cochran won with 59.9% of the vote in 2014, but resigned on April 1, 2018 due to declining health.
  9. ^ Democratic total includes 2 Independents who caucus with the Democrats
  10. ^ October 29, 2020 for write-in candidates[22]
  11. ^ the following morning
  12. ^ June 25, 2020 for write-in candidates[23]
  13. ^ September 24, 2020 for write-in candidates[23]
  14. ^ August 5, 2020 for write-in candidates[24]
  15. ^ April 24, 2020 for write-in candidates[25]
  16. ^ July 16, 2020 for write-in candidates[25]
  17. ^ September 20, 2020 for write-in candidates[26]
  18. ^ a b September 7, 2020 for write-in candidates[27]
  19. ^ If no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the November 3, 2020 general election, the top two candidates will go to run-off on January 5, 2021.
  20. ^ a b If no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the November 3, 2020 jungle primary, the top two candidates will go to run-off.
  21. ^ May 5, 2020 for write-in candidates[28]
  22. ^ October 6, 2020 for write-in candidates[28]
  23. ^ January 2, 2020 for write-in candidates[29]
  24. ^ September 3, 2020 for write-in candidates[29]
  25. ^ If no candidate had gotten over 35% of the vote, the nomination would have been decided at a run-off between the top two candidates held at a party's state convention - June 14, 2020 for Democrats[30] and June 13, 2020 for Republicans[31]
  26. ^ October 23, 2020 for write-in candidates[32]
  27. ^ April 10, 2020 for write-in candidates[33]
  28. ^ September 4, 2020 for write-in candidates[33]
  29. ^ July 24, 2020 for write-in candidates[34]
  30. ^ October 23, 2020 for write-in candidates[34]
  31. ^ October 27, 2020 for write-in candidates[35]
  32. ^ August 31, 2020 for write-in candidates[36]
  33. ^ May 1, 2020 for write-in candidates[37]
  34. ^ October 23, 2020 for write-in candidates[37]
  35. ^ March 17, 2020 for write-in candidates[38]
  36. ^ June 26, 2020 for write-in candidates[39]
  37. ^ July 21, 2020 for write-in candidates[40]
  38. ^ September 14, 2020 for write-in candidates[41]
  39. ^ Initial declaration of intent's deadline for unaffiliated candidates is December 9, 2019; deadline is August 17, 2020 for write-in candidates[42]
  40. ^ September 15, 2020 for write-in candidates[43]
  41. ^ General election write-in candidates have no barriers to or deadlines for qualification in New Jersey

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panetta, Ruobing Su, Grace (March 11, 2020). "All of the important primary, convention, and debate dates you need to know for the 2020 presidential election". Business Insider.
  2. ^ Flom, Peter (December 16, 2019). "Senate races 2020 — December outlook". Medium.
  3. ^ "U.S. Senate Seats up for Reelection in 2020 - Worldpress.org". worldpress.org.
  4. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (October 20, 2019). "Key incumbents are losing the money battle as 2020's top Senate races heat up". CNBC.
  5. ^ Byrnes, Jesse (August 28, 2019). "GOP Sen. Johnny Isakson to resign at end of year". TheHill.
  6. ^ "Meet the new senators". USA TODAY.
  7. ^ Kane, Paul (November 9, 2016). "Republicans hold on to Senate majority with upset victories" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  8. ^ "Election Results Give Split Decision: Democrats Win House & GOP Keeps Senate Majority". NPR.org.
  9. ^ a b Dickinson, Tim; Dickinson, Tim (November 22, 2019). "The Battle for the Senate".
  10. ^ Morris, Valerie (March 2, 2020). "Senators see tide turning toward Biden after big win". TheHill.
  11. ^ "2016 State PVI Changes – Decision Desk HQ". decisiondeskhq.com. December 15, 2017. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "2020 Senate Race ratings". Cook Political Report. May 15, 2020.
  13. ^ "Senate Ratings 2020". Inside Elections. July 10, 2020.
  14. ^ "2020 Senate". Sabato's Crystal Ball. October 3, 2019.
  15. ^ "Senate 2020 Race Ratings". Daily Kos. June 4, 2020. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  16. ^ "2020 Election Forecast". Politico. April 19, 2020.
  17. ^ "Battle for the Senate 2020". RealClearPolitics. June 9, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  18. ^ "2020 Negative Partisanship and the 2020 Congressional Elections". Niskanen Center. April 28, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
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