Ursa Major in Chinese astronomy

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According to traditional Chinese uranography, the modern constellation Ursa Major is located in Three Enclosures (三垣, Sān Yuán)

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 大熊座 (dà xióng zuò), meaning "the big bear constellation".

Stars[edit]

The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Ursa Major area consists of :

Enclosures Enclosure (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
Three Enclosures (三垣) 紫微垣 Zǐ Wēi Yuán Purple Forbidden enclosure 紫微左垣 Zǐwēiyòuyuán Right Wall
24 UMa
紫微右垣四 Zǐwēiyòuyuánsì 4th star
少辅 Shǎofǔ The Second Minister
27 UMa 少辅增一 Shǎofǔzēngyī 1st additional star of The Second Minister
內階 Nèijiē Inner Steps
ο UMa[1] 內階一 Nèijiēyī 1st star
16 UMa 內階二 Nèijiēèr 2nd star
6 UMa 內階三 Nèijiēsān 3rd star
23 UMa 內階四 Nèijiēsì 4th star
5 UMa 內階五 Nèijiēwǔ 5th star
17 UMa 內階六 Nèijiēliù 6th star
π2 UMa 內階增七 Nèijiēzēngqī 7th additional star
2 UMa 內階增八 Nèijiēzēngbā 8th additional star
π1 UMa 內階增九 Nèijiēzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
τ UMa 內階增十 Nèijiēzēngshí 10th additional star
內廚[2] Nèichú Inner Kitchen 76 UMa 內廚增二 Nèichúzēngèr 2nd star
文昌 Wénchāng Administrative Center
υ UMa[1] 文昌一 Wénchānyī 1st star
φ UMa[1] 文昌三 Wénchāngsān 3rd star
θ UMa[1] 文昌四 Wénchāngsì 4th star
15 UMa 文昌五 Wénchāngwǔ 5th star
18 UMa 文昌六 Wénchāngliù 6th star
28 UMa 文昌增一 Wénchāngzēngyī 1st additional star
HD 84335 文昌增二 Wénchāngzēngèr 2nd additional star
21 UMa 文昌增三 Wénchāngzēngsān 3rd additional star
26 UMa 文昌增四 Wénchāngzēngsì 4th additional star
37 Lyn[3] 文昌增五 Wénchāngzēngwǔ 5th additional star
HD 80608[2] 文昌增六 Wénchāngzēngliù 6th additional star
31 UMa 文昌增七 Wénchāngzēngqī 7th additional star
三師 Sānshī Three Top Instructors
ρ UMa[1] 三師一 Sānshīyī 1st additional star
σ2 UMa[1] 三師三 Sānshīysān 3rd additional star
σ1 UMa 三師增一 Sānshīzēngyī 1st additional star
太尊 Tàizūn Royal ψ UMa 太尊 Tàizūn (One star of)
天牢 Tiānláo Celestial Prison
ω UMa 天牢一 Tiānláoyī 1st star
57 UMa 天牢二 Tiānláoèr 2nd star
47 UMa 天牢三 Tiānláosān 3rd star
58 UMa 天牢四 Tiānláosì 4th star
49 UMa 天牢五 Tiānláowǔ 5th star
56 UMa 天牢六 Tiānláoliù 6th star
59 UMa 天牢增一 Tiānláozēngyī 1st additional star
55 UMa 天牢增二 Tiānláozēngèr 2nd additional star
太陽守 Tàiyángshǒu Guard of the Sun
χ UMa 太陽守 Tàiyángshǒu (One star of)
60 UMa 太陽守增一 Tàiyángshǒuzēngyī 1st additional star
[2] Shì Eunuch
47 LMi[4] 势增十二 Shìzēngshíèr 12th additional star
46 UMa 势增十三 Shìzēngshísān 13th additional star
[2] Xiāng Prime Minister 1 CVn[5] 相增一 Xiāngzēngyī 1st additional star
天理 Tiānlǐ Judge for Nobility
HD 97889 天理一 Tiānlǐyī 1st star
HD 99283 天理二 Tiānlǐèr 2nd star
66 UMa 天理三 Tiānlǐsān 3rd star
HD 103736 天理四 Tiānlǐsì 4th star
HD 99747 天理增一 Tiānlǐzēngyī 1st additional star
北斗 Běidǒu Northern Dipper
α UMa[6]
北斗一 Běidǒuyī 1st star
天樞 Tiānshū The Celestial Pivot
紐星 Niǔxīng Turning star
天魁 Tiānkuí Celestial chief
贪狼 Tānláng Greedy wolf
枢星 Shūxīng Pivot star
天蓬 Tiānpéng Celestial fleabane
生气 Shēngqì Angry
β UMa[6]
北斗二 Běidǒuèr 2nd star
天璇 Tiānxuán The Celestial Rotating Jade
从魁 Cōngkuí Passing-through chief
天魁 Jùmén Huge gate
法星 Fǎxīng Star of law
枢星 Xuánxīng Whirling star
天醫 Tiānyī Celestial medicine
γ UMa[6]
北斗三 Běidǒusān 3rd star
天璣 Tiānjī The Celestial Shining Pearl
禄存 Lùcún Standing-official salary
令星 Lìngxīng Star of commander
軍市西北星 Jūnshìxīběixīng Star in the northwest of Market for Soldiers
真人 Zhēnrén Daoist spiritual master
囚宿 Qiúsù Constellation of prisoner
次桃花 Cìtáohuā Next peach blossom
祸害 Huòhài Disaster
δ UMa[6]
北斗四 Běidǒusì 4th star
天權 Tiānquán The Celestial Balance
權星 Quánxīng Star of authority
文曲星 Wénqūxīng Star of wrong-writing
伐星 Fáxīng Cutting-down star
天辅 Tiānfǔ Celestial assistant
玄冥 Xuánmíng The mysterious underworld
玄武 Xuánwǔ God of the north sky
真武 Zhēnwǔ Lord of profound heaven
六煞 Liùshà Six friends
ε UMa[6]
北斗五 Běidǒuwǔ 5th star
玉衡 Yùhéng The Jade Sighting-Tube
衡星 Héngxīng Star of measure
廉贞 Liánzhēn Honest and chaste
杀星 Shāxīng Weaken star
天禽 Tiānqín Celestial birds
五鬼 Wǔguǐ Five chief demons
ζ UMa[6]
北斗六 Běidǒuliù 6th star
開陽 Kāiyáng The Opener of Heat
衡星 Kāixīng Star of opener
武曲 Wǔqū Wrong martial
危星 Wēixīng Star of danger
北极 Běijí the North Pole
财星 Cáixīng Star of money
延年 Yánnián Prolong life
η UMa[6]
北斗七 Běidǒuqī 7th star
搖光 Yáoguāng The Twinkling Brilliance
摇星 Yáoxīng Shaking star
破軍 Pòjūn Captured army
部星 Bùxīng Star of ministry
应星 Yìngxīng Complying star
關星 Guānxīng Star of mountain pass
耗星 Hàoxīng Star of news
天衡 Tiānhéng Celestial measure
絕命 Juémìng Extinction
魉星 Liǎngxīng Star of fairy
32 UMa 天樞增一 Tiānshūzēngyī 1st additional star of The Celestial Pivot
35 UMa 天樞增二 Tiānshūzēngèr 2nd additional star of The Celestial Pivot
38 UMa 天樞增三 Tiānshūzēngsān 2nd additional star of The Celestial Pivot
36 UMa 天璇增一 Tiānxuánzēngyī 1st additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
37 UMa 天璇增二 Tiānxuánzēngèr 2nd additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
42 UMa 天璇增三 Tiānxuánzēngsān 3rd additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
41 UMa 天璇增四 Tiānxuánzēngsì 4th additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
39 UMa 天璇增五 Tiānxuánzēngwǔ 5th additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
40 UMa 天璇增六 Tiānxuánzēngliù 6th additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
43 UMa 天璇增七 Tiānxuánzēngqī 7th additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
44 UMa 天璇增八 Tiānxuánzēngbā 8th additional star of The Celestial Rotating Jade
74 UMa 天權增一 Tiānquánzēngyī 1st additional star of The Celestial Balance
70 UMa 天權增二 Tiānquánzēngèr 2nd additional star of The Celestial Balance
73 UMa 天權增三 Tiānquánzēngèr 3rd additional star of The Celestial Balance
82 UMa 開陽增二 Kāiyángzēngèr 2nd additional star of The Opener of Heat
Assistant
80 UMa (One star of)
83 UMa 輔增一 Fǔzēngyī 1st additional star
84 UMa 輔增二 Fǔzēngèr 2nd additional star
86 UMa 輔增三 Fǔzēngsān 3rd additional star
太微垣 Tài Wēi Yuán Supreme Palace enclosure
常陳 Chángchén Imperial Guards 67 UMa 常陳七 Chángchénqī 7th star
三台 Sāntái Three Steps
ι UMa
三台一 Sāntáiyī 1st star
上台一 Shàngtáiyī The First Upper Step
天子 Tiānzǐ The rightful emperor
κ UMa
三台二 Sāntáièr 2nd star
上台二 Shàngtáièr The Second Upper Step
女主 Nǚzhǔ The queen
λ UMa
三台三 Sāntáisān 3rd star
中台一 Zhōngtáiyī The First Middle Step
诸侯三公 Zhūhóusāngōng The three feudal princes
μ UMa
三台四 Sāntáisì 4th star
中台一 Zhōngtáièr The Second Middle Step
卿大夫 Qīngdàifu The high-ranking minister
ν UMa
三台五 Sāntáiwǔ 5th star
下台一 Xiàtáiyī The First Lower Step
Shì The senior minister
东北柱 Dōngběizhù The northeast pillar
ξ UMa
三台六 Sāntáiliù 6th star
下台二 Xiàtáièr The Second Lower Step
庶人 Shùrén The numerous man
41 Lyn[3] 上台增七 Shàngtáizēngqī 7th additional star of Upper Step
HD 89501 中台增三 Zhōngtáizēngsān 3rd additional star of Middle Step
HD 89221 中台增四 Zhōngtáizēngsì 4th additional star of Middle Step
61 UMa 下台增一 Xiàtáizēngyī 1st additional star of Lower Step
62 UMa 下台增二 Xiàtáizēngèr 2nd additional star of Lower Step

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 16 日
  2. ^ a b c d this is not original mention for this constellation and listing is only for additional stars
  3. ^ a b the star is actually located in the constellation of Ursa Major near the border of Lynx
  4. ^ the star is actually located in the constellation of Ursa Major near the border of Leo Minor
  5. ^ the star is actually located in the constellation of Ursa Major near the border of Canes Venatici
  6. ^ a b c d e f g (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 15 日

External links[edit]