Rho Ursae Majoris

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Rho Ursae Majoris
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ursa Major constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of ρ Ursae Majoris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Ursa Major
Right ascension 09h 02m 32.69092s[1]
Declination +67° 37′ 46.6280″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.74[2]
Spectral type M3 III[3]
U−B color index +1.84[2]
B−V color index +1.56[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) 4.75±0.19[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −22.83[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +18.13[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 10.37 ± 0.25[1] mas
Distance 315 ± 8 ly
(96 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +0.06[5]
Radius 58[6] R
Luminosity 464[7] L
Temperature 3,725[7] K
Other designations
ρ UMa, 8 Ursae Majoris, BD+68° 551, FK5 338, HD 76827, HIP 44390, HR 3576, SAO 14742.[8]
Database references

Rho Ursae Majoris (ρ UMa) is the Bayer designation for a solitary[9] star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major. It is faintly visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.74.[2] The distance to this star, based upon an annual parallax shift of 10.37 mas,[1] is around 315 light years.

With a stellar classification of M3 III,[3] this is a red giant star on the asymptotic giant branch.[10] It is a suspected small amplitude variable.[11] The measured angular diameter of the star after correcting for limb darkening is 5.64±0.15 mas,[12] which, at the estimated distance of this star, yields a physical size of about 58 times the radius of the Sun.[6] It is radiating 464 times the solar luminosity from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of about 3,725 K.[7] Based upon its motion through space, there is a 60.6% chance that this star is a member of the Sirius stream.[5]


In Chinese, 三師 (Sān Shī), meaning Three Top Instructors, refers to an asterism consisting of ρ Ursae Majoris and σ2 Ursae Majoris. Consequently, ρ Ursae Majoris itself is known as 三師一 (Sān Shī yī, English: the First Star of Three Top Instructors.).[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV data, SIMBAD, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M. 
  3. ^ a b Marrese, P. M.; et al. (August 2003), "High resolution spectroscopy over lambda lambda 8500-8750 Å for GAIA. IV. Extending the cool MK stars sample", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 406: 995−999, Bibcode:2003A&A...406..995M, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20030647. 
  4. ^ de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, arXiv:1208.3048Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61. 
  5. ^ a b Famaey, B.; et al. (January 2005), "Local kinematics of K and M giants from CORAVEL/Hipparcos/Tycho-2 data. Revisiting the concept of superclusters", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 430 (1): 165–186, Bibcode:2005A&A...430..165F, arXiv:astro-ph/0409579Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041272. 
  6. ^ a b Lang, Kenneth R. (2006), Astrophysical formulae, Astronomy and astrophysics library, 1 (3rd ed.), Birkhäuser, ISBN 3-540-29692-1.  The radius (R*) is given by:
  7. ^ a b c McDonald, I.; et al. (2012), "Fundamental Parameters and Infrared Excesses of Hipparcos Stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 427 (1): 343–57, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M, arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  8. ^ "rho UMa -- Variable Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2017-02-25. 
  9. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  10. ^ Eggen, O. J. (1992), "Asymptotic giant branch stars near the sun", The Astronomical Journal, 104: 275, Bibcode:1992AJ....104..275E, doi:10.1086/116239. 
  11. ^ Percy, J. R.; et al. (1994), "Photometric surveys of suspected small-amplitude red variables. III: An AAVSO photometric photometry survey", Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 106 (700): 611–615, Bibcode:1994PASP..106..611P, doi:10.1086/133420. 
  12. ^ Richichi, A.; et al. (February 2005), "CHARM2: An updated Catalog of High Angular Resolution Measurements", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 431: 773–777, Bibcode:2005A&A...431..773R, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20042039. 
  13. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 16 日