Van Cortlandt House Museum
Van Cortlandt House
The mansion in 2008
|Location||Van Cortlandt Park, Bronx, New York City|
|Area||192 acres (78 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||67000010|
|Added to NRHP||December 24, 1967|
|Designated NHL||December 24, 1976|
The Van Cortlandt House Museum, also known as the Frederick Van Cortlandt House or simply the Van Cortlandt House, is the oldest building in the borough of the Bronx in New York City. It is located in the southwestern portion of Van Cortlandt Park, accessed via Broadway (United States Route 9). The house was built in 1748 in the Georgian style by Frederick Van Cortlandt (1699–1749) for his family. Van Cortlandt died before its completion and the property was inherited by his son, James Van Cortlandt (1727–1787). It is a 2 1⁄2-story, L-shaped house with a double hipped roof. It was built of dressed fieldstone and is one of the nation's finest examples of the high Georgian style in stone.
The Van Cortlandts, a mercantile family prominent in New York affairs, established a grain plantation and grist mill on the property. The house was used during the Revolutionary War by Rochambeau, Lafayette, and Washington. In 1889, after 140 years of occupancy by the Van Cortlandt family, the property was sold to the City of New York and made public parkland. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1967 and became a National Historic Landmark in 1976. The house has been operated as a historic house museum since 1897, the first in the city and fourth in the country.
In popular culture
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Van Cortlandt House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-22. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06.
- Patricia Heintzelman (May 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Frederick Van Cortlandt House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- National Park Service, National Historic Landmark Survey, New York, retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "The Van Cortlandt House Museum". City of New York Parks Department. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- Finding fertile ground for film - riverdalepress.com
Media related to Frederick Van Cortlandt House Museum at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NY-455, "Frederick Van Cortlandt Mansion, Broadway & Two-hundred-forty-second Street, Bronx, Bronx County, NY", 8 photos, supplemental material
- Van Cortlandt Park, New York City Department of Parks & Recreation
- Death in the Bronx, The Stockbridge Indian Massacre, August 31, 1778