New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. A global power city, New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy, and has been described as the cultural capital of the world.
Founded as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic in 1626, the city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the country's largest city since 1790. New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a county of New York State. The five boroughs—The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island—were consolidated into a single city in 1898. With a census-estimated 2012 population of 8,336,697 distributed over a land area of just 302.64 square miles (783.8 km2), New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. The New York metropolitan area's population of approximately 19.8 million people remains by a significant margin the United States' largest Metropolitan Statistical Area. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.
Many districts and landmarks in New York City have become well known to its approximately 55 million annual visitors. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconified as "The Crossroads of the World", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway theatre district, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. The names of many of the city's bridges, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. New York City's financial district, anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, has been called the world's leading financial center and is home to the New York Stock Exchange, the world's largest stock exchange by total market capitalization of its listed companies. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a globally recognized symbol of the United States and its democracy. Manhattan's Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive rapid transit systems worldwide. Numerous colleges and universities in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, have been ranked among the top 35 in the world.
The New York Times
) is an American daily newspaper
, founded and continuously published in New York City
since September 18, 1851. It has won 112 Pulitzer Prizes
, more than any other news organization. Its website is one of America's most popular news sites - and most popular among all the nation's newspapers - receiving more than 30 million unique visitors
The paper's print version remains the largest local metropolitan newspaper in the United States and third-largest newspaper overall, behind The Wall Street Journal and USA Today. Following industry trends, its weekday circulation has fallen to fewer than one million daily since 1990. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The Times is long regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record". It is owned by The New York Times Company. The company's chairman is Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., whose family has controlled the paper since 1896. Its international version, formerly The International Herald Tribune, is now called The International New York Times.
The paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Its website has adapted it to "All the News That's Fit to Click". It is organized into sections: News, Opinions, Business, Arts, Science, Sports, Style, Home, and Features. The New York Times stayed with the eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, and was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography.
Jonathan Allen Lethem
(born February 19, 1964) is an American writer
. Born in Brooklyn
, Lethem trained to be an artist before moving to California
and devoting his time to writing. His first novel, Gun, with Occasional Music
, a genre work that mixed elements of science fiction
and detective fiction
, was published in 1994. It was followed by three more science fiction novels. In 1999, Lethem published Motherless Brooklyn
, a National Book Critics Circle Award
-winning novel that achieved mainstream success. In 2003, he published The Fortress of Solitude
, which became a New York Times Best Seller
. Lethem is also a prolific essayist and short story writer. Lethem was the eldest of three children; his brother, Blake, is an artist, and his sister, Mara, is a photographer and writer. Lethem was raised in a commune
in the pre-gentrified
Brooklyn neighborhood of Boerum Hill
The New York Yankees
are a professional baseball
team based in the Bronx
, a borough
of New York City, New York. Also known as "the Bronx Bombers" and "the Pinstripers", the Yankees play in the East Division
of Major League Baseball
's (MLB) American League
(AL). In its 113 major league seasons
, the franchise
has won 27 World Series
championships, the most of any MLB team and 16 more than the second-place St. Louis Cardinals
. The Yankees played home games in Yankee Stadium
from 1923 to 2008, except for a stint at Shea Stadium
from 1974 to 1975 while Yankee Stadium was undergoing renovations. In 2009, the team moved into a new ballpark
, which is also called Yankee Stadium.
One of the American League's eight original members, the club was founded in Baltimore, Maryland as the Baltimore Orioles in 1901, and posted a 68–65 win–loss record in its first season. The franchise moved to New York City in 1903 and became known as the New York Highlanders; in 1913, the team changed its name to the Yankees. From 1920 to 1964, the Yankees were the most successful MLB franchise, winning 20 World Series titles and 29 AL pennants. This period included streaks of four consecutive championships from 1936 to 1939 and five straight titles from 1949 to 1953. The club won back-to-back World Series championships in 1977 and 1978. The Yankees won the World Series again in 1996, and in 1998 began a run of three consecutive Series titles. From 1995 to 2007, the Yankees made the playoffs each year; their 13-season postseason streak was the second-longest in MLB history. After missing the playoffs in 2008, they won another World Series in 2009 and reached the postseason each year from 2010 to 2012, before failing to qualify in 2013. Overall, the Yankees' .568 regular season winning percentage is the highest of any MLB team, and they have the eighth-most regular season wins, behind seven clubs founded in the 19th century.
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