Varat Eyalet

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Varat Eyalet
Eyalet-i Varat
Paşalâcul de la Oradea
Váradi vilajet
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1660–1692
Location of Varat Eyalet
Varat Eyalet in 1683
Capital Varat
47°4′N 21°55′E / 47.067°N 21.917°E / 47.067; 21.917Coordinates: 47°4′N 21°55′E / 47.067°N 21.917°E / 47.067; 21.917
History
 •  Established 1660
 •  Disestablished 1692
Today part of Romania, Hungary

Varat Eyalet (also known as Pashaluk of Varat or Province of Varat;[1] Ottoman Turkish: ایالت وارد; Eyālet-i Vārad‎)[2] was an administrative territorial entity of the Ottoman Empire formed in 1660. Varat Eyalet bordered Ottoman Budin Eyalet in the west, Temeşvar Eyalet in the southwest, Egir Eyalet in the northwest, vassal Ottoman Principality of Transylvania in the southeast, and Habsburg Royal Hungary in the north.

History[edit]

Varat[3] (Oradea) was made the seat of an Ottoman governor (beylerbeyi) in 1660.[4] Before the formation of the Eyalet, its area was mostly part of the vassal Ottoman Principality of Transylvania. Some territories that formerly belonged to Temeşvar Eyalet and Egir Eyalet were also included into Varat Eyalet.

In June 1692 the eyalet was conquered by the Habsburgs,[4] and was ceded to Austria by Treaty of Carlowitz in 1699. Its territory was subsequently included into Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary and Habsburg Principality of Transylvania.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The sanjaks of Varat Eyalet in the 17th century:[5]

  1. Sanjak of Varat (Oradea)
  2. Sanjak of Salanta (Salonta)
  3. Sanjak of Debreçin (Debrecen)
  4. Sanjak of Halmaş (Nagyhalász)
  5. Sanjak of Şenköy (Sâniob)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The central islamic lands from pre-islamic times to the first world war, Том 2, Ann Katherine Swynford Lambton, Bernard Lewis, Cambridge University Press, 1978, page 352.
  2. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  3. ^ Materialien zu Evliya Çelebi. 2. A guide to the Seyāhat-nāme of Evliya Çelebi, Jens Peter Laut, Evliya Çelebi, Robert Dankoff, Klaus Kreiser, L. Reichert, 1992, page 61.
  4. ^ a b Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 24, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  5. ^ Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the ..., Volume 1, p. 92, at Google Books By Evliya Çelebi, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall

External links[edit]