Vaudreuil–Hudson line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Vaudreuil-Hudson Line (AMT))
Vaudreuil-Hudson
An inbound train at Vendôme Station.
Overview
Line number11
LocaleGreater Montreal
Termini
Stations18
WebsiteVaudreuil–Hudson line (Exo)
Service
TypeCommuter rail
SystemExo
Operator(s)Alstom
Daily ridership16,000 (2018)[1]
Ridership4,164,200 (2018)
History
Opened1887
Technical
Line length64.2 km (39.9 mi)[2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationNo
Operating speed75 mph (121 km/h)
Route map
Vaudreuil–Hudson line
Windsor Station
Lucien-L'Allier
Westmount
Vendôme
Montréal-Ouest
originally Montreal Junction
Lachine
Dorval
Pine Beach
Valois
Pointe-Claire
Cedar Park
Beaconsfield
Beaurepaire
Baie-D'Urfé
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue
Zone A
Zone C
Île-Perrot
Pincourt-Terrasse-Vaudreuil
Dorion
Vaudreuil
Hudson
Rigaud

Vaudreuil–Hudson (also designated line 11, formerly known as Dorion–Rigaud) is a commuter railway line in Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is operated by Exo, the organization that operates public transport services across this region.

The Vaudreuil–Hudson line was originally established in 1887 as a Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) passenger service known as the CP Lakeshore West line.[3] It was transferred to Société de transport de Montréal (STCUM) on October 1, 1982. It was refurbished between 1982 and 1990. On January 1, 1996, it was transferred to Exo's predecessor agency, the Agence Métropolitaine de transport (AMT). Exo assumed current operation of the line upon its establishment on June 1, 2017.

There are 13 inbound and 14 outbound departures each weekday.[4]

Overview[edit]

This line links the Lucien-L'Allier station in downtown Montreal with Hudson to the west of the Island of Montreal. With the completion of the Intermodal station in Vaudreuil, most trains that used to terminate in Dorion, now terminate in Vaudreuil.

The line offers frequent peak-hour service (roughly every 15–20 minutes) to or from Vaudreuil. Outside of rush hours, service is approximately every two to three hours. On weekends, service is approximately every five hours. There is only one weekday round trip from the Hudson terminus. This is the only line in Montreal to offer semi-express service; reverse peak trains do not stop at certain smaller stations.[4]

The trains are owned and managed by the Réseau de transport métropolitain, and operated by Alstom's Transportation division (formerly Bombardier Transportation).

History[edit]

CP Service[edit]

Service on this line started in 1887. Service began with local stops between Montreal and Rigaud being added to trains running between Montreal and Ottawa. Over time, as the population of the western part of the Island of Montreal increased, Canadian Pacific established a dedicated commuter service with several stops on the Island of Montreal and off the western tip of the Island. From 1956 to 2006, service patterns on the line did not change all that much. The average number of weekday round trips hovered around 12, with weekend and holiday service averaging 3 or 4 trips depending on whether the day is Saturday or Sunday.

STCUM and AMT Service[edit]

The commuter line was owned and operated by Canadian Pacific until October 1, 1982. On that date, management and ownership of the commuter trains was transferred to the publicly owned Montreal Urban Community Transit Commission (STCUM). The STCUM set fares and schedules, and assumed ownership of the equipment (passenger cars and locomotives) that Canadian Pacific had used to operate the service. Canadian Pacific continued to provide the tracks, stations, storage, maintenance, and train crews needed to keep the line running. For Montreal commuters, the transfer of ownership was positive because the trains were integrated into the bus and metro system. Over time, the commuter line was upgraded with the purchase of new equipment and renovated stations. The line was transferred to the newly formed Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) on January 1, 1996.

On July 1, 2010, service to Rigaud was discontinued, as the town of Rigaud was unable to justify a $300,000 annual fee, almost double the previous annual fee of $160,000 required by the AMT to maintain train service for a handful of users.[5] The line now ends at Hudson; the 13-km distance between Rigaud and Hudson represented some 17% of the line's total length. At this time the line was renamed: "Dorion" was replaced by "Vaudreuil" in reference to the terminus for most runs, and "Rigaud" was replaced by "Hudson" in reference to the terminus for the extended service.[6]

RTM/Exo service[edit]

On June 1, 2017, the AMT was dissolved and replaced by two new governing bodies, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) and the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM). The RTM took over all former AMT services, including this line.

In May 2018, the RTM formally re-branded itself as Exo; and renamed each line with a number and updated colour. The Vaudreuil–Hudson line became exo1, and the red line colour was updated to a lighter pastel shade of red. In 2023, the service was renumbered to line 11 in order to be unique within the Montreal rail network.[7]

List of stations[edit]

Station Location Connections Zones
Lucien-L'Allier Ville-Marie, Montreal Lucien-L'Allier Metro station
Bus interchange Downtown Terminus
STM: 36 (on rue Saint-Antoine),107, 150, 168, 350, 355, 358, 364 410, 420, 427, 430, 465, 480, 715, 747 (on René Lévesque Boulevard)
A
Vendôme Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montreal Vendôme Metro station
STM: 17 (north bound at the corner of Decarie Boulevard and De Maisonneuve Boulevard, south bound at the corner of rue Girouard and Upper Lachine Road), 37, 90, 102, 104, 105, 124, 371, 420 (same corners as 17) west[8][9])
Montréal-Ouest Montreal West STM: 51, 105, 123, 162, 356
Lachine Lachine, Montreal STM: 195 (400 metres south on Sherbrooke Street)
Dorval Dorval
Montréal–Trudeau International Airport
STM: 191, 195, 202, 203, 204 (to and from YUL Airport), 209, 211, 354, 356, 378 (Eastbound only), 405, 411, 425, 460, 485, 495, 496
Pine Beach STM: 204, 211, 354, 356, 411, 425
Valois Pointe-Claire STM: 203, 204,
Pointe-Claire STM: 203, 211, 354, 405, 411, 425
Cedar Park STM: 201 (North only), 202, 211, 354, 411, 485 (MB)[Located on Boulevard St-Jean]
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield STM: 200, 201, 217, 354, 382, 401, 411, 425
Beaurepaire STM: 354, 411
Baie-d'Urfé Baie-D'Urfé STM: 354, 411
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue STM: 212, 354
Île-Perrot Île-Perrot Bus interchange Exo: 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 91 C
Pincourt-Terrasse-Vaudreuil Pincourt / Terrasse-Vaudreuil Bus interchange Exo: 31, 33, 44, 91, 335
Dorion Vaudreuil-Dorion Bus interchange Exo: 3, 5, 8, 15, 35, 91, 115, 335
Vaudreuil Bus interchange Exo: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 15, 21, 40, 51, 61, 91, 115
Hudson Hudson Bus interchange Exo: 21

The commuter line operates over the following Canadian Pacific Kansas City subdivisions:

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://exo.quebec/Media/Default/pdf/section8/publications/RA_2018_exo.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  2. ^ "Vaudreuil–Hudson line - General information". RTM. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  3. ^ Wyatt, David. "Banlieues de Montréal, Québec". All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Vaudreuil–Hudson Schedule" (PDF). RTM. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  5. ^ "West Island Gazette: "Last train to Rigaud on June 30", June 30, 2010". Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Leduc, Robert (2010-07-01). "Nouveaux noms des lignes de trains de banlieue (New names for commuter train lines)" (in French). Montreal Express. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  7. ^ "Your train lines are getting new numbers". exo.quebec. 24 July 2023. Retrieved 6 August 2023.
  8. ^ "Plan du Reseau STM 2007" (PDF). STM. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
  9. ^ "Plan du Reseau de Nuit STM 2006" (PDF). STM. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.

External links[edit]