Vaudreuil–Hudson line

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Vaudreuil-Hudson
AMT Train Vaudreuil.jpg
An inbound train at Vendôme Station.
Overview
Line numberVH, exo1
LocaleGreater Montreal
TerminiLucien-L'Allier
Vaudreuil; Hudson
Stations18
WebsiteVaudreuil–Hudson line (Exo)
Service
TypeCommuter rail
SystemExo
Operator(s)Bombardier Transportation
Daily ridership16,000 (2018)[1]
Ridership4,164,200 (2018)
History
Opened1887
Technical
Line length64.2 km (39.9 mi)[2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Route map
Carte Mtl Vaudreuil Hudson.svg
Vaudreuil–Hudson line
Windsor Station
Lucien-L'Allier
Westmount
Vendôme
Montréal-Ouest
originally Montreal Junction
Lachine
Zone 1
Zone 2
Dorval
Pine Beach
Valois
Pointe-Claire
Cedar Park
Zone 2
Zone 3
Beaconsfield
Beaurepaire
Baie-D'Urfé
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue
Zone 3
Zone 4
Île-Perrot
Pincourt-Terrasse-Vaudreuil
Zone 4
Zone 5
Dorion
Vaudreuil
Zone 5
Zone 6
Hudson
Rigaud

Vaudreuil–Hudson (also designated exo1, formerly known as Dorion–Rigaud) is a commuter railway line in Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is operated by Exo, the organization that operates public transport services across this region.

The Vaudreuil–Hudson line was originally established in 1887 as a Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) passenger service known as the CP Lakeshore West line.[3] It was transferred to Société de transport de Montréal (STCUM) on October 1, 1982. It was refurbished between 1982 and 1990. On January 1, 1996, it was transferred to Exo's predecessor agency, the Agence Métropolitaine de transport (AMT). Exo assumed current operation of the line upon its establishment on June 1, 2017.

There are 13 inbound and 14 outbound departures each weekday.[4]

Overview[edit]

This line links the Lucien-L'Allier station in downtown Montreal with Hudson to the west of the Island of Montreal. With the completion of the Intermodal station in Vaudreuil, most trains that used to terminate in Dorion, now terminate in Vaudreuil.

The line offers frequent peak-hour service (roughly every 15–20 minutes) to or from Vaudreuil. Outside of rush hours, service is approximately every two to three hours. On weekends, service is approximately every five hours. There is only one weekday round trip from the Hudson terminus. This is the only line in Montreal to offer semi-express service; reverse peak trains do not stop at certain smaller stations.[4]

The trains are owned and managed by the Réseau de transport métropolitain, and operated by Bombardier Transportation.

History[edit]

CP Service[edit]

Service on this line started in 1887. Service began with local stops between Montreal and Rigaud being added to trains running between Montreal and Ottawa. Over time, as the population of the western part of the Island of Montreal increased, Canadian Pacific established a dedicated commuter service with several stops on the Island of Montreal and off the western tip of the Island. Over the past 50 years, service patterns on the line have not changed all that much. The average number of weekday round trips has hovered around 12, with weekend and holiday service averaging 3 or 4 trips depending on whether the day is Saturday or Sunday.

STCUM and AMT Service[edit]

The commuter line was owned and operated by Canadian Pacific until October 1, 1982. On that date, management and ownership of the commuter trains was transferred to the publicly owned Montreal Urban Community Transit Commission (STCUM). The STCUM set fares and schedules, and assumed ownership of the equipment (passenger cars and locomotives) that Canadian Pacific had used to operate the service. Canadian Pacific continued to provide the tracks, stations, storage, maintenance, and train crews needed to keep the line running. For Montreal commuters, the transfer of ownership was positive because the trains were integrated into the bus and metro system. Over time, the commuter line was upgraded with the purchase of new equipment and renovated stations. The line was transferred to the newly formed Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) on January 1, 1996.

On July 1, 2010, service to Rigaud was discontinued, as the town of Rigaud was unable to justify a $300,000 annual fee, almost double the previous annual fee of $160,000 required by the AMT to maintain train service for a handful of users.[5] The line now ends at Hudson; the 13-km distance between Rigaud and Hudson represented some 17% of the line's total length. At this time the line was renamed: "Dorion" was replaced by "Vaudreuil" in reference to the terminus for most runs, and "Rigaud" was replaced by "Hudson" in reference to the terminus for the extended service.[6]

RTM/Exo service[edit]

On June 1, 2017, the AMT was dissolved and replaced by two new governing bodies, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) and the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM). The RTM took over all former AMT services, including this line.

In May 2018, the RTM formally re-branded itself as Exo; and renamed each line with a number and updated colour. The Vaudreuil–Hudson line became exo1, and the red line colour was updated to a lighter pastel shade of red.

List of stations[edit]

Station Location Connections Zones
Lucien-L'Allier Ville-Marie, Montreal MtlMetro2.svg Lucien-L'Allier Metro station
Bus interchange Downtown Terminus
Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 36 (on rue Saint-Antoine),150, 358, 410, 430, 435 (on René Lévesque Boulevard)
1
Vendôme Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montreal MtlMetro2.svg Vendôme Metro station
Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 17 (north bound at the corner of Decarie Boulevard and De Maisonneuve Boulevard, south bound at the corner of rue Girouard and Upper Lachine Road), 37, 90, 102, 104, 105, 124, 371 (same corners as 17) & 24, 63, 356 (these last three one block north on Sherbrooke Street west[7][8])
Montréal-Ouest Montreal West Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 51, 90 (250 metres south on rue Saint-Jacques), 105, 123, 162, 356
Lachine Lachine, Montreal Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 195 (400 metres south on Sherbrooke Street)
Dorval Dorval VIA Rail Canada simplified.svg
Montréal–Trudeau International Airport
Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 191, 195, 202, 203, 204 (to and from PET Airport), 209, 211, 354, 356, 378 (Eastbound only), 405, 411 (MB), 425, 460, 485, 495, 496
2
Pine Beach Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 204, 211, 354, 356, 411 (MB)
Valois Pointe-Claire Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 203, 204, 356
Pointe-Claire Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 203, 211, 354, 405, 411 (MB), 425
Cedar Park Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 201 (North only), 202, 211, 354, 411 (MB)
Beaconsfield Beaconsfield Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 200, 201, 211 (500 metres south on Beaconsfield Blvd.), 217, 261 (train Bus), 354, 382, 411 (MB) 3
Beaurepaire Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 354, 411 (MB)
Baie-d'Urfé Baie-D'Urfé Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 219 (300 metres north on Clark Graham Avenue), 354, 411 (MB)
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Autobusmontréal.svg STM: 212, 354
Autobusmontréal.svg Exo: 35, 44, 45, 335
Île-Perrot Île-Perrot Bus interchange Exo: 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 91 4
Pincourt-Terrasse-Vaudreuil Pincourt / Terrasse-Vaudreuil Bus interchange Exo: 31, 33, 44, 91, 335
Dorion Vaudreuil-Dorion Bus interchange Exo: 3, 5, 8, 15, 35, 91 5
Vaudreuil Bus interchange Exo: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 21, 40, 51, 61, 91, 115
Hudson Hudson Bus interchange Exo: 21 6

The commuter line operates over the following Canadian Pacific Railway subdivisions:

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://exo.quebec/Media/Default/pdf/section8/publications/RA_2018_exo.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  2. ^ "Vaudreuil–Hudson line - General information". RTM. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  3. ^ Wyatt, David. "Banlieues de Montréal, Québec". All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Vaudreuil–Hudson Schedule" (PDF). RTM. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  5. ^ "West Island Gazette: "Last train to Rigaud on June 30", June 30, 2010". Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Leduc, Robert (2010-07-01). "Nouveaux noms des lignes de trains de banlieue (New names for commuter train lines)" (in French). Montreal Express.
  7. ^ "Plan du Reseau STM 2007" (PDF). STM. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
  8. ^ "Plan du Reseau de Nuit STM 2006" (PDF). STM. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.

External links[edit]