Dorval

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Dorval
City of Dorval
Ville de Dorval (French)
Aerial view of Dorval
Aerial view of Dorval
Location on the Island of Montreal. (Outlined areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Location on the Island of Montreal.
(Outlined areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Dorval is located in Southern Quebec
Dorval
Dorval
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°27′N 73°45′W / 45.450°N 73.750°W / 45.450; -73.750Coordinates: 45°27′N 73°45′W / 45.450°N 73.750°W / 45.450; -73.750[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionMontréal
RCMnone
Founded1667
Village1892
Town1903
City1956
Merged into Dorval–L'Île-Dorval1 January 2002
Reconstituted1 January 2006
Government
 • MayorMarc Doret
 • Federal ridingDorval—Lachine—LaSalle
 • Prov. ridingMarquette
Area
 • Total29.08 km2 (11.23 sq mi)
 • Land20.91 km2 (8.07 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[5]
 • Total19,302
 • Density923.0/km2 (2,391/sq mi)
 • Pop 2016-2021
Increase 1.7%
 • Dwellings
9,058
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)514 and 438
Highways
A-13
A-20

A-40 (TCH)
A-520
Websitewww.ville.dorval.qc.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Dorval /dɔːrˈvæl/ (French pronunciation: ​[dɔʁval]) is an on-island suburban city on the island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. In 2016, the Canadian Census indicated that the population increased by 4.2% to 18,980. Although the city has the largest surface area in Montréal’s west side, it is among the least densely populated. Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport constitutes about 60% of the city's land, forcing all of Dorval's population to be concentrated in the southern part of the city.

Dorval is the oldest city in the west side of Montréal, having been founded in 1667, and one of the oldest in Canada and North America.

History[edit]

The history of Dorval dates back more than 350 years to 1665 when Sulpician priests established a mission on the outskirts of Ville-Marie, a French settlement which later became known as Montreal. Dorval was originally named Gentilly. It was later renamed La Présentation-de-la-Vierge-Marie. In 1691, the domain of La Présentation, originally owned by Pierre Le Gardeur de Repentigny, was acquired by Jean-Baptiste Bouchard dit d'Orval. "d'Orval" (French for "of Orval") was added to Bouchard's name by his father Claude in reference his birthplace Orval in Montigny-Lengrain, France.[6] It was incorporated as a village in 1892, a town in 1903, and a city in 1956 (in French it was termed a cité, an Old French term from which the English legal term "city" originates).[7]

Residential street in Dorval.

As with many other settlements on the island of Montreal, the Grand Trunk Railway, which came to Dorval in 1855, was highly instrumental in attracting many wealthier families, mostly English-speaking, in search of a summer refuge in proximity to their downtown residence and place of work. Access to Dorval from Montreal was also facilitated by the extension of streetcar service to Dorval's eastern city limits in the interwar period.

After the Second World War many middle-class families migrated to Dorval from the city of Montreal and from other parts of Canada. This migration was made possible by the widening of highway 20 and by the large-scale construction of new dwellings. This new housing consisted mostly of single family homes with some townhouses and low-rise apartment buildings, built on lands previously used for agriculture and recreational activities. The post-war period also saw the construction of Dorval Gardens shopping centre in 1954, one of Greater Montreal's first mall-style shopping centres. Today the shopping centre remains the city's principal centre of retail trade.

The island named Dorval Island, settled in 1860 and located less than one kilometre offshore from Dorval, constitutes the separate city of L'Île-Dorval despite being a summer cottage community with only five permanent residents as of the Canada 2011 Census. The island is connected to the city of Dorval by a private ferry service.

On 1 January 2002, as part of the 2002–2006 municipal reorganization of Montreal, Dorval was merged into the city of Montreal, being combined with L'Île-Dorval to form the Dorval–L'Île-Dorval borough of Montreal. After a change of government and a 2004 referendum, Dorval was reconstituted as a city on 1 January 2006. Although Dorval had the legal status of cité prior to the merger, the reconstituted city has the status of ville (see Types of municipalities in Quebec).[1][7] Nevertheless, the municipal government refers to itself as the "Cité de Dorval".

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1901481—    
19111,005+108.9%
19211,466+45.9%
19312,052+40.0%
19412,048−0.2%
19515,293+158.4%
195614,055+165.5%
196118,592+32.3%
196620,905+12.4%
197120,469−2.1%
197619,131−6.5%
198117,722−7.4%
198617,354−2.1%
199117,249−0.6%
199617,572+1.9%
200117,706+0.8%
200618,088+2.2%
201118,208+0.7%
201618,980+4.2%
202119,302+1.7%

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Dorval had a population of 19,302 living in 8,716 of its 9,058 total private dwellings, a change of 1.7% from its 2016 population of 18,980. With a land area of 20.91 km2 (8.07 sq mi), it had a population density of 923.1/km2 (2,390.8/sq mi) in 2021.[8]

Canada census – Dorval community profile
20212016
Population19,302 (+1.7% from 2016)18,980 (+4.2% from 2011)
Land area20.91 km2 (8.07 sq mi)20.91 km2 (8.07 sq mi)
Population density923.0/km2 (2,391/sq mi)907.7/km2 (2,351/sq mi)
Median age45.2 (M: 44.0, F: 46.4)44.7 (M: 43.2, F: 46.3)
Total private dwellings9,0588,818
Median household income$64,689
References: 2021[9] 2016[10] earlier[11][12]
Home Language (2021)[5]
Language Population Percentage (%)
English 10,390 54%
French 4,740 25%
Other 2,430 13%
Mother Tongue (2021)[5]
Language Population Percentage (%)
English 7,890 41%
French 5,125 27%
Other 4,765 25%
Visible Minorities (2021)[5]
Ethnicity Population Percentage (%)
Not a visible minority 13,700 72%
Visible minorities 5.320 28%

Economy[edit]

Air Inuit and La Senza have their headquarters in Dorval.[13][14] Bombardier Inc. houses the headquarters of its Bombardier Aerospace division in Dorval.[15]

Previously Inter-Canadien had its headquarters in Dorval.[16]

Air Canada Centre, the headquarters of Air Canada, are located on the grounds of Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport and in Saint-Laurent, Montreal,[17][18] near Dorval.[19]

Local government[edit]

Dorval City Hall

List of former mayors:[7]

  • Désiré H. Girouard (1892–1893)
  • James B. Allan (1893–1894)
  • Benjamin Décarie (1894–1895)
  • Hartland St. Clair MacDougall (1895)
  • Charles Décarie (1895–1896)
  • Robert FitzGibbon (1896–1897)
  • Joseph Dosithée Legault Deslauriés (1897–1899)
  • William de Montmolin Marler (1899–1901)
  • Jean-Baptiste Meloche (1901–1903)
  • Harry Markland Molson (1903–1905)
  • Amable Lallemand (1905–1907)
  • Anthony Haig Sims (1907–1909)
  • Benjamin Décarie (1909–1911)
  • William A. C. Hamilton (1911–1913)
  • Joseph Leroux (1913–1915)
  • Charles-C. Décarie (1915–1923)
  • Harvey Thompson (1923–1925)
  • Avila Décarie (1925–1927)
  • E.-Raphaël Chadillon (1927–1933)
  • Arthur Cecil Comber (1933–1937, 1941–1943)
  • J. Arthur Lajoie (1937–1939)
  • Ernest H. Décarie (1939–1941)
  • Joseph Ovila Adrien Valois (1943–1947)
  • Stanley Mason Elliot (1947–1948)
  • Oliva Cardinal (1948–1955)
  • Robert John Pratt (1955–1964)
  • Sarto Desnoyers (1964–1982)
  • Peter Blyth Yeomans (1982–2002)
  • Edgar Rouleau (2002–2021)
  • Marc Doret (2021–present)

Infrastructure[edit]

Aéroports de Montréal, the Greater Montreal airport authority, has its headquarters in Leigh-Capreol Place (French: place Leigh-Capreol) in Dorval.[20]

Trudeau Airport[edit]

Most of Montreal's principal airport, Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (previously known as Dorval Airport), is in Dorval.[21] Originally a military airfield used mainly to refuel new fighters and bombers being flown to Great Britain during the Second World War, Trudeau Airport today serves over 18 million passengers annually.[22]

Education[edit]

The Centre de services scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools, but were previously operated by the Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys until 15 June 2020. The change was a result of a law passed by the Quebec government that changed the school board system from denominational to linguistic.[23]

Schools include:

The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

  • Dorval Elementary School,[24] formerly known as Courtland Park Elementary School until 2006.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Reference number 388463 in Banque de noms de lieux du Québec". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
  2. ^ a b "Répertoire des municipalités: Dorval". www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: NOTRE-DAME-DE-GRÂCE--LACHINE (Quebec)
  4. ^ "Dorval, Ville (V) Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Government of Canada - Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Dorval, Ville (V) [Census subdivision], Quebec". 9 February 2022.
  6. ^ "History of Dorval".
  7. ^ a b c "Répertoire des entités géopolitiques: Dorval (ville) 24.6.1892 - 1.1.2002 ● 1.1.2006 - ..." www.mairesduquebec.com. Institut généalogique Drouin. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Quebec". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  9. ^ "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 4 February 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  10. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  11. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 20 August 2019.
  12. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 18 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Contact us Archived 2009-09-30 at the Wayback Machine." Air Inuit. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  14. ^ "Contact Us Archived 13 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine." La Senza. Retrieved 4 December 2010. "La Senza Corporation Attn: Online Store Customer Service 1608, Boulevard St-Régis Dorval, Quebec, Canada H9P 1H6."
  15. ^ "Aerospace Directory Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Bombardier Inc. Retrieved 4 December 2010. "400 Côte-Vertu Road West Dorval, Québec Canada H4S 1Y9." Address in French Archived 18 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine: "400, chemin de la Côte-Vertu Ouest Dorval (Québec)."
  16. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 25–31 March 1998. p. 75. "795 Stuart Graham Boulevard North, Dorval, H4Y1E4, Quebec, Canada"
  17. ^ "Investors Contacts Archived 4 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine." Air Canada. Retrieved 4 December 2010. "Air Canada Centre, 7373 Côte-Vertu Blvd. West Saint-Laurent, Quebec H4S 1Z3 ."
  18. ^ "ab11e5b4-ccb1-430e-9a7c-598d63c7480b.gif Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine." City of Montreal. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  19. ^ "FAQ’s." Air Canada. Retrieved 4 December 2010. "Our headquarters are located at 7373 Cote Vertu Ouest, Dorval, Quebec."
  20. ^ "Contact us." Aéroports de Montréal. Retrieved 4 December 2010. "Aéroports de Montréal 800 Leigh-Capreol Place Suite 1000 Dorval, Quebec H4Y 0A5." Address in French: "800, place Leigh-Capreol Bureau 1000 Dorval (Québec) H4Y 0A5."
  21. ^ "Detailed Map of Dorval Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine." Dorval. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  22. ^ "Bonjour Québec.com: Montréal-Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau International Airport (YUL)". www.bonjourquebec.com. Archived from the original on 11 April 2008.
  23. ^ "Centre de services scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys".
  24. ^ "Main entrance". Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.

External links[edit]