Vernon W. Hill II (born August 18, 1945) is an American businessman, the founder and chairman of Metro Bank, a UK retail bank with 41 branches, and assets of £7.4b ($10.6b). He is also the founder, former chairman, president and CEO of Commerce Bancorp of Cherry Hill, New Jersey and chairman of Fetch Inc. (aka Pet Plan North America).
Although known for banking, Hill’s business outlook has been informed by early encounters with retailing. While taking morning classes at Wharton, Hill worked afternoons at a South Jersey bank owned by a local car retailer, where Hill observed the car dealer applying retail principles to banking operations, such as late opening hours. The job also brought Hill into contact with other local retailers, including McDonald's. After graduation Hill founded a real estate firm to find and develop sites for McDonald's, a task which required Hill to drive McDonald's entrepreneur Ray Kroc on scouting trips. Hill claims his experience with McDonald’s taught him the importance of standardised presentation and scale economies in retailing.
Philadelphia Magazine reports that Hill’s experience with McDonald’s led directly to the creation of Commerce Bank. Referring to the creation of Commerce, Morton Kerr, chairman of the board of Markeim-Chalmers, Inc., a South Jersey real estate firm, and one of the original Commerce board members, observed:
“A lot of us knew Vernon from being involved in real estate at that time…He was a 26-year-old kid who called about 15 of us to a meeting in his office. I'll never forget it. He said, 'We're going to start a bank.' And he said we'd each have to put up between $25,000 and $125,000. This was 1973-who had that kind of money? But he'd arranged for all of us to borrow it. If you could put up $100,000, he got us loans for $80,000. Only seven of us didn't get up and walk out, but we still thought he was crazy.”
The deal resulted in Commerce opening its first branch in Marlton, New Jersey, in 1973.
Commerce Bank was notable for its rapid expansion, from one branch in 1973 to 470 branches in 2008, and a deposit base that grew by an average of 25% per year between 1996 and 2001 (against an industry average of 5% in 2001). According to Forbes Magazine, Commerce produced a 23% annual shareholder return compounded for 30 years.
Commerce Bank’s economic model rested on the idea that the fixed costs of a bank branch are largely independent of volume, and so profitability lay in maximizing the number of deposits and accounts per branch. Additionally, Hill believed that the industry's reliance on internet banking had led to dis-investment in bank branches, to the detriment of consumers who prioritised in-person service.
“Other banks decided to push consumers out of the branch because it is the high-cost delivery channel. They wanted to push them online. We totally reject that. You can’t name me one retailer in this country that has pushed people where they don’t want to go and succeeded…We have some branches that get 100,000 customer visits a month; the average branch gets 40,000. An average McDonald’s gets 25,000 per month.”
Hill’s motto for Commerce was “America’s most convenient bank”.
Commerce tactics were oriented to drive volume, differentiation and customer advocacy, including:
- Longer opening hours, including evenings and weekends; opening ten minutes earlier and later than advertised hours
- Removing glass from teller booths for a more open customer experience
- Pet-friendly policies
- Giveaways such as lollipops and dog biscuits
- Free use of coin-counting machines
- Handing out pens in response to rival banks’ practice of chaining pens to desks
- “Kill the stupid rule” program, whereby employees who suggested an alternative to a stupid rule were paid $50
Commerce Bank staff were awarded $5,000 if a nearby rival bank closed its branches; hundreds of mystery shoppers made tens of thousands of store visits annually, and salary increases were based on mystery shopping scores. Top-performing managers were given sports cars.
On June 29, 2007, Hill resigned as chairman and CEO of Commerce Bancorp after the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia and the board of directors of Commerce Bancorp established governance to stop doing business with firms under the control of Hill’s family. Notable business dealings with insiders included property leases with entities in which Hill was a partner, and the purchase of services from an architectural design business run by his wife, Shirley. No charges were brought.
On October 2, 2007, Commerce Bancorp announced that it would be merging with TD Bank Financial Group. The Canadian-based Toronto-Dominion Bank would acquire Commerce for $8.5 billion (U.S. dollars) in cash and stock, at $42 per share of CBH stock, a purchase multiple of x28. Some industry commentators held that Hill's departure and a strong Canadian dollar had made a takeover inevitable.
Hill is chairman of Fetch Inc. (aka PetPlan North America), a pet health insurance company founded by Chris and Natasha Ashton. It holds the U.S. and Canadian franchise from Petplan of Britain, the world's biggest provider of policies for companion animals. Hill invested in the company in April 2008, believing pet health to be a growth market in the USA.
Speaking to Fortune Magazine in 2010, Hill said: "People used to put down their pets when they got sick. Now they're members of the family. People will want to save them with kidney transplants and hip replacements. This business will be huge."
Metro Bank UK was launched in London July 2010, with Hill as co-founder and vice-chairman.
Press commentary at the time centred on Metro being the first high-street bank to open in the United Kingdom for more than 100 years, and upon Hill's belief that the competitive landscape of British banking amounted to a commercial opportunity to lead on service rather than price. In 2010, 85% of the UK market for current accounts was held by the “big five” banking institutions (HSBC, Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, Santander and Lloyds). In 2008 an official report from the Office of Fair Trading concluded that UK banking was subject to weak competitive pressures and profit-maximising strategies. Forbes Magazine described Metro at launch as "...aiming to disrupt a storied industry dominated by a handful of established players".
In a BBC News interview, Thomson commented that the cost–driven model of traditional British banks required them to discourage customers from visiting branches, whereas Metro Bank’s model actively sought to attract customers into branches, using tactics such as longer opening hours and pet-friendly policies.
The pair spent a further two years securing a £75m launch investment, including funds from New York real estate developer Richard LeFrak, property investors the Reuben brothers and Fidelity, the fund management company. Metro launched with plans to open 200 branches in London by 2020. Twelve branches were opened by December 2010. In June 2012 the company announced the completion of a £126m round of capital-raising to open further branches in London, including funds from Moore Capital and billionaire investor Steve Cohen.
Noted investor Wilbur Ross commented that "The question is whether [Hill’s] promotional flair and service concept will produce enough customers to offset the extra operational cost of providing the extra space".
Hill, who previously served as Metro's vice chairman, replaced his co-founder Anthony Thomson as chairman in January 2013.
As of September 2013 Metro had 225,000 accounts and was opening a new branch every month with a goal of opening 25 by the close of the year. In May, Metro opened a drive-through bank in Slough. the second in the UK after Natwest in Toxteth, Liverpool which opened in 1959 but has since closed in 2013.
In April 2013 Hill was also awarded the Institute of Economic Affairs' Free Enterprise Award whose previous winners include Margaret Thatcher and Sir Richard Branson for his work at Metro. The IEA noted Hill, "has identified a clear opportunity and entered the UK banking scene at a time when the sector has been under constant fire" and showed "incredible perseverance and imagination" while IEA Director General Mark Littlewood praised Metro Bank as "a shining example of innovation improving people's live. It's refreshing to see more competition and choice in the banking sector on our high streets".
In August 2013, Tom Brown of Bankstocks.com wrote: "So Vernon Hill has, not once, but twice, and in two different markets, built growth machines in the supposedly mature and sleepy banking business. That has to make him the world’s greatest growth-oriented banker, probably of all time." In the same month, Hill received the 2013 Stevie Award for International Chairman of the Year.
Hill is the author of Fans Not Customers: How to Create Growth Companies in a No Growth World, which was released by Profile Books in October 2012. It argues that it is better to have fans rather than customers and urges businesses to compete on service rather than price. The Financial Times reviewed Hill's writing style as "refreshingly to the point" and said that "for those looking for an alternate way of approaching service, the book will prove rich pickings".
Hill is a partner with Steve Lewis in US Restaurants Inc, which operates 40 Burger King restaurants in metropolitan Philadelphia.
Hill's first business was Site Development Inc, a real estate development firm which has developed over 1000 shopping centres and retail developments in America.
In 1994, Hill, along with partners John Silvestri and Steve Lewis, founded and developed Galloway National Golf Club near Atlantic City, New Jersey. The course was designed by Tom Fazio and is ranked by GolfDigest.com as being among the top 100 courses in America.
Hill has often advocated a business development strategy based on organic growth rather than acquisition, and by generating customer loyalty through service rather than price. Speaking to a 2010 House of Commons Treasury Select Committee on competition and choice in the banking sector, Hill said:
“My opinion is that great retailers never grow by acquisition…If you see yourself as a retailer delivering an unusual service, acquisitions are the easiest way to kill your model…[Organic growth] is slower, but you get what you want at the end. You get a group of people running your model, not somebody else’s model….”
“We have two American banking systems. We have the normal banking system, with 8,000 banks serving consumers and businesses throughout America. Then we developed a shadow banking system…the money market funds, the investment banks, the credit default swaps. The current crisis is really a crisis of this shadow banking system….I think when [banks] are making a loan to, say, a restaurant, the overwhelming majority of banks aren’t playing games. As long as the guy’s paying, it’s a loan that pays back over time. Then we moved into all this exotic stuff — credit default swaps, CDOs. Believe me, no one at Goldman Sachs understands what they have on their books, because these kids are sitting at their computers dreaming this stuff up….”
Hill is often quoted as viewing his banks to be in the retail business rather than the banking business.
“You don't have to think about what time a Home Depot, a McDonald's or a Starbucks is open,” Hill says. “They're open. You just go. My theory was, if you advertise that [your bank is] open on Sunday, the consumer will automatically believe you're open all the time. That message is more important than the savings."
In its 2007 20-20-20 Club, Forbes Magazine lists Hill as one of seven CEOs (along with Warren Buffett and Larry Ellison) of publicly traded companies with tenures of over 20 years to deliver an annual shareholder return in excess of 20%. Commerce produced a 23% annual compounded shareholder return over that time.
Hill is the son of a Virginia real estate brokerage owner and the eldest of six children. He graduated from Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1967, earning a BS in economics with a concentration in finance.
Hill's 46,000 ft² (4,270 m²) home, Villa Collina, is located in Moorestown Township, New Jersey. The home features an orangery. Hill has been married for 40 years to Shirley Hill, who is the founder of InterArch, the architectural and branding firm responsible for the branding for Commerce Bank and Metro Bank. The couple have four children and Sir Duffield, their yorkshire terrier.
The Hill Family Foundation supports various charitable organisations in both the US and Britain. It is one of the largest supporters of veterinary causes, including:
- A $10 million gift for the Vernon and Shirley Hill Pavilion at the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Vernon's alma mater.
- The Penn World Veterinary Award
- The UK Kennel Club Achievement Award
- "Vernon the Barbarian". Philadelphia Magazine. August 2001. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Tully, Shawn. "Vernon Hill is the best damn banker alive (Just ask him)". Fortune Magazine (CNN). Retrieved 11 October 2012.
I was fascinated at how McDonald's created the same look and same experience in every location," says Hill. "I also learned that costs are relatively fixed, so it's all about volume."
- Murphy, Andrea (9 May 2007). "Chiefs In The 20-20-20 Club". Forbes. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
It's no easy feat to make it onto our 20-20-20 list. A chief executive has to have held the top job for at least 20 years--at a company with publicly traded shares for at least 20 years--and have presided over at least a 20% annual return in share price during his or her tenure.
- Frei, Frances. "Commerce Bank". 9-603-080. Harvard Business Review. p. 4. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Wharton Alumni Magazine: 125 Influential People and Ideas: Vernon W. Hill II". Wharton.
- "Commerce Minus Larger Than Life Entrepreneur". Financial Post. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Grant, Tavia (2 October 2007). "How Vernon W. Hill built - and lost - a banking empire". Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- Mulvihill, Geoff (2 October 2007). "After Commerce Bancorp's founder is ousted, TD Bank pounces with $8.5 billion acquisition". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- Benner, Katie (October 31, 2011). "A health care plan for Fido". Fortune Magazine. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Moore, Elaine. "Challengers needed’ for big five banks". Financial Times. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Personal current account market not working well for consumers, says OFT". Office of Fair Trading. July 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Olson, Parmy (11 March 2010). "Vernon Hill Beefs Up 'Whopper Banking' In London". Forbes.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
Having opened his first British store last July in Holborn, London, Hill has come to Britain with a similar mandate to offer customers good service over good interest rates, and promising "no stupid bank rules."
- "Metro Bank opens doors in UK". BBC.co.uk. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
Metro Bank hopes to gain customers dissatisfied with their existing banks.
- Bates, Victoria (1 November 2010). "Metro Bank taps investors for £45m to speed up expansion". City A.M. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Baird, Roger (9 August 2010). "The late-night bank manager is planning a High Street revolution". City A.M. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
Metro Bank plans to open another three branches in Earl’s Court, Fulham Broadway and Borehamwood by the end of the year, and eight more next year. The aim is to have 200 branches in Greater London by 2020. It plans to open 10,000 current accounts in its first year.
- Dunne, John. "Metro Bank eyes expansion after raising £50m". City A.M. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Edwards, Peter (11 June 2012). "Float looms for growing Metro". City A.M. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Metro Bank opens doors in UK".
Wilbur Ross on Vernon Hill's new UK bank, and his own
- Abbas, Mohammed (1 January 2013). "UK's Metro Bank appoints Vernon Hill as new chair". Reuters. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Armitstead, Louise (28 April 2013). "Monday Interview: All-American shake-up comes to UK banking". Telegraph (London). Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Gore, Alex (3 May 2013). "Would you like fries with that £100? Britain's first-ever drive-thru bank was Natwest in Toxteth, Liverpool, opening in 1959, opens to ease motorists through transactions". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "IEA awards Free Enterprise Award to Vernon Hill". Institute of Economic Affairs. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "Bankstocks.com". August 2013.
- "The Stevie Awards". August 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Fans Not Customers: How to create growth companies in a no growth world [Paperback]". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Timmins, Matt. "Fans Not Customers by Vernon Hill". Financial Times. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "A Little Bit about Us". US Restaurants. Archived from the original on June 24, 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Executive team". Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Tully, Shawn (2010). "Vernon Hill is the best damn banker alive (Just ask him)". Forbes.
- "TREASURY COMMITTEE COMPETITION AND CHOICE IN THE BANKING SECTOR". Hansard. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "This Too Shall Pass". Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Smith, Eileen and Walsh, Jim. "Hill's climb took bank to heights of industry", Asbury Park Press, June 30, 2007. Accessed July 25, 2007. "Hill and his wife Shirley built Villa Collina, literally Hill House, a 46,000-square-foot (4,300 m2) Tuscan-style mansion in Moorestown that is the biggest private residence in the state."
- Hyman, Vicki (5 July 2016). "Banker Vernon Hill, owner of N.J.'s largest mansion, selling Shore home: $6.5M". NJ Advance Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- Distefano, Joseph N. "Commerce Bancorp chairman gives $10 million to veterinary school.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 1, 2005. Accessed October 16, 2007. "Penn said that the Hills have given $10 million to the vet school toward a $70 million classroom and office center that Penn will call the Vernon and Shirley Hill Pavilion."
- "Penn World Veterinary Awards". Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "The Kennel Club". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 12 September 2013.