Vienna Woods

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This article is about a wooded area in Austria. For the town of the same name, see Wienerwald, Austria. For the chain of fast-food restaurants, see Wienerwald (restaurant).
Vienna Woods
Wienerwald
Wienerwald.jpg
Vienna Woods near Breitenfurt
Highest point
Peak Schöpfl
Elevation 893 m (2,930 ft)
Coordinates 48°05′14″N 015°54′43″E / 48.08722°N 15.91194°E / 48.08722; 15.91194
Dimensions
Length 45 km (28 mi)
Width 20–30 km (12–19 mi)
Geography
Country Austria
States Lower Austria and Vienna
Range coordinates 48°10′N 16°00′E / 48.17°N 16°E / 48.17; 16Coordinates: 48°10′N 16°00′E / 48.17°N 16°E / 48.17; 16
Parent range Northern Limestone Alps

The Vienna Woods[1] (German: Wienerwald) are forested highlands that form the northeastern foothills of the Northern Limestone Alps in the states of Lower Austria and Vienna. The 45 kilometres (28 mi) long and 20–30 kilometres (12–19 mi) wide range of hills is heavily wooded and a popular recreation area with the Viennese.

Location[edit]

The Vienna Woods are bounded by the rivers Triesting, Gölsen, Traisen and Danube, and are on the border of the Mostviertel and the Industrieviertel, two of the four quarters of Lower Austria. Reaching into the city of Vienna itself, they are a favourite outdoor destination for the densely populated area around the city.[2]

Geography[edit]

The highest elevation in the Vienna Woods is Schöpfl at 893 metres (2,930 ft) above sea level, the location of the Leopold Figl observatory. Important rivers in the Vienna Woods are the Wien, the Schwechat and the Triesting. The northeasternmost Leopoldsberg overlooking the Danube and the Vienna Basin forms the eastern end of the Alpine chain.

Even though the Vienna Woods are a protected landscape and important recreational area, they are threatened by urban sprawl. The Lainzer Tiergarten, an extensive park populated by wild boar and other woodland animals, as well as the Schwarzenbergpark, were created on the territory of the city of Vienna during the 19th century. The natural park Sandstein-Wienerwald is near Purkersdorf, some 20 km (12 mi) west of Vienna. There are also some caves, such as the Dreidärrischenhöhle ("cave of the three deaf men").

Pappelstraße in Vienna's 14th district, Penzing, a residential area bordering the Wienerwald
The abbey church of Klosterneuburg Monastery in the Vienna Woods

Geology[edit]

The mountain ranges of the Vienna Woods are the transition between the Eastern Alps and the Carpathians, separated by the Danube and some tectonic lines near Vienna. The northern area is part of the Alps' sandstone zone, while its south is part of the Northern Limestone Alps. In the east, the border is the thermal line, which forms a geological break line to the Viennese Basin. Beeches, oaks and hornbeams grow throughout the north of the Wienerwald forest; in the south are conifers, mostly pines and firs. The Föhrenberge (Pine Mountains) natural park is in the latter region.

History[edit]

The Vienna Woods have probably been populated since the 8th century. Under the influence of the Avars, a Slavic population settled here after the Völkerwanderung, which may account for village names such as Döbling, Liesing or Gablitz. The Vienna Woods was a princely hunting ground, but from the 16th century onwards forestry was practised. From 1840 industrial development encouraged increased settlement of the area. In 1870, plans were brought forward to clear most of the forest, but this caused widespread public resistance, in which Josef Schöffel was one of the most important figures.

In 1987, the governors of the states of Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland signed the Vienna Woods Declaration to protect nature in the region. The film actress Hedy Lamarr, in keeping with her request for when she died, had her ashes spread in the Vienna Woods.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rees, Henry (1974). Italy, Switzerland and Austria. A Geographical Study. Harrap, London, ISBN 0-245-51993-9.
  2. ^ Wanderatlas Wienerwald. Freytag und Berndt. 1975. ISBN 3-85084-661-X. 
  3. ^ Calling Hedy Lamarr, Mischief Films

External links[edit]

German language links[edit]