Adrianople Vilayet

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ولايت ادرنه
Vilâyet-i Edirne
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1867–1922
 

 

Location of Edirne Vilayet
Edirne Vilayet in 1900
Capital Edirne[1]
History
 -  Established 1867
 -  Disestablished 1922
Population
 -  Muslim, 1914[2] 360,411 
 -  Greek, 1914[2] 224,680 
 -  Armenian, 1914[2] 19,773 
 -  Jewish, 1914[2] 22,515 
Today part of  Turkey
 Greece
 Bulgaria

The Vilayet of Adrianople or Vilayet of Edirne (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ادرنه‎, Vilâyet-i Edirne)[3] was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire.

This vilayet encompassed territories in present-day European Turkey, eastern part of Northern Greece and the southern fringes of Southeastern Bulgaria. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 26,160 square miles (67,800 km2).[4] In the east it bordered with the Istanbul Vilayet, the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, in the west with the Salonica Vilayet, in the north with Eastern Rumelia (Bulgaria since 1885) and in the south with the Aegean Sea. Sometimes the area is described also as Southern Thrace,[5] or Adrianopolitan Thrace.[6]

After the city of Edirne (pop. in 1905 about 80,000), the principal towns were Tekirdağ (35,000), Gelibolu (25,000), Kırklareli (16,000), İskeçe (14,000), Çorlu (11,500), Dimetoka (10,000), Enez (8000), Gümülcine (8000) and Dedeağaç (3000).[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[8]

  1. Sanjak of Edirne (Edirne, Cisr-i Mustafapaşa, Kırcaali, Dimetoka, Ortaköy, Cisr-i Ergene, Havsa. It had also kazas of Kırkkilise, Baba-yı Atik, Beykar Hisar, Maa Hatunili-Kızılağaç (Its centre was Kızılağaç) and Ferecik. Kızılağaç went to Yanbolu sanjak of Şarki Rumeli Vilayeti, Ferecik went initially to Gelibolu in 1876, later to Dedeağaç and was demoted to nahiya in 1878, Kırkkilise, Baba-yı Atik and Beykar Hisar went to recreated Kırkkilise sanjak in 1878. Beykar Hisar was demoted to nahiya in 1879)
  2. Sanjak of Kirklareli (Since 1879) (Kirkkilise) (Kırkkilise, Tırnovacık, Lüleburgaz, Vize, Ahtabolu, Midye, Baba-yı Atik. Saray separated from Vize and became kaza in 1916)
  3. Sanjak of Tekirdag (Tekfurdagi) (Tekfurdağı, Çorlu, Malkara, Hayrabolu. It had also kazas Vize, Lüleburgaz and Midye till 1879, it was gone to recreated Kırkkilise sanjak)
  4. Sanjak of Gelibolu (Gelibolu, Maydos, Şarköy, Mürefte, Keşan. It had also Enez and Gümülcine kazas till 1878. Gümülcine promoted to sanjak in 1878. Enez went to Dedeağaç sanjak. Finally İpsala (promoted to kaza) and Enez returned to Gelibolu in 1913)
  5. Sanjak of Dedeağaç (1878-1912) (Dedeağaç, Sofulu, Enez)
  6. Sanjak of Gümülcine (1878-1912) (Gümülcine, İskeçe, Koşukavak, Ahiçelebi, Eğridere, Darıdere)
  7. Sanjak of Filibe (Filibe, Pazarcık, Hasköy, Zağra-i Atik, Kızanlık, Çırpan, Sultanyeri, Ahiçelebi) (until 1878, then it became part of Eastern Rumelia)
  8. Sanjak of Slimia (İslimye, Yanbolu, Misivri, Karinabat, Aydos, Zağra-i Cedid, Ahyolu, Burgaz) (until 1878, then became part of Eastern Rumelia)

Demographics[edit]

Population of the groups of the Vilayet and Sanjaks according to the Ottoman census in 1906/7, in thousands, adjusted to round numbers.[9] The groups are counted according to the Millet System of the Ottoman Empire not according to the mother tongue, some Bulgarian-speakers were part of the Greek Rum millet and counted as Greeks, while the Muslim millet included Turks and Pomaks (Bulgarian speaking Muslims).

Groups Edirne Gümülcine Kırklareli Dedeağac Tekirdağ Gelibolu Total
Muslims 154 240 78 44 77 26 619
Greeks 103 22 71 28 53 65 341
Bulgarians 37 29 30 17 6 1 120
Jews 16 1 2 - 3 2 24
Armenians 5 - - - 19 1 26
Others 2 - - - 1 - 2
Total 317 292 181 89 159 96 1,134

A publication from December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) estimated 1,006,500 inhabitants:[10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

 "Adrianople (vilayet)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.