Virochana (Sanskrit: विरोचन), in Hindu mythology, was an asura, grandson of Hiranyakashipu, son of Prahlada (Sanskrit: प्रह्लाद) and father of Bali. In the Atharvaveda (VIII.10.22) he was mentioned as the son of Prahlada. According to the Chandogya Upanishad (VIII.7.2-8.5), he and Indra went to Prajapati to learn about the atman (self) and lived there, practising brahmacharya for thirty-two years. But at the end, he misunderstood Prajapati's teachings and preached the asuras to worship the sharira (body) as the atman. Thus, asuras started adorning the body of a deceased with perfumes, garlands and ornaments. The son of Virochana was Mahabali.
- Griffith, Ralph T.H. (1895). "Hymns of the Atharva Veda, Book 8, Hymn 10". The Internet Sacred Text Archive website. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- "Chandogya Upanishad" (PDF). Maharishi University of Management website. pp. 151–2. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 75.
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