Vivianne Crowley

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Vivianne Crowley
Vivianne Crowley.jpg
Vivianne Crowley in 2015
Alma materUniversity of London
OccupationAuthor, university lecturer, psychologist

Vivianne Crowley is an author, university lecturer, psychologist, and a High Priestess and teacher of the Wiccan religion. She was initiated into the London coven of Alex Sanders (founder of the Alexandrian tradition of Wicca) at the age of eighteen, but later joined a Gardnerian coven in the famous Whitecroft line derived from Eleanor Bone, and so she was one of few people in the seventies to be part of both traditions.

She founded the Wicca Study Group in London in 1988,[1] and became secretary of the Pagan Federation the same year.[2] Vivianne Crowley was described as "very influential in recent developments in Wicca... She has more of less captained the bringing together of the Gardnerian and Alexandrian Traditions through the process of cross-initiation, where a person is initiated into both Traditions".[1] Professor Ronald Hutton also has described Vivianne as "the closest thing that Britain possessed to an informal successor to Alex Sanders.[3]

As an interfaith coordinator for the Federation, she served as the U.K. coordinator of the Pagan Chaplainry Services for H.M. Prisons. In 1989, she released her first book Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Age, which is one of the most valued and widespread books on Wicca.[4] It was revised and updated in 1996 as Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Millennium.

Crowley is a Jungian psychologist who lectures on the psychology of religion at King's College London, University of London.[5] She holds a bachelor's degree and Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of London. She is also the adjunct professor at the Union Institute in Cincinnati, Ohio.



  • Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Age (1989) (revised and updated in 1996 as Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Millennium) Element Books Ltd. ISBN 0-7225-3271-7, ISBN 978-0-7225-3271-3
  • Phoenix from the Flame: Pagan Spirituality in the Western World (1994) Thorsons Publishers (Reissue edition) ISBN 1-85538-161-3, ISBN 978-1-85538-161-2
  • Principles of Paganism (1996) Thorsons Publishers (Reissue edition) ISBN 1-85538-507-4, ISBN 978-1-85538-507-8
  • Principles of Wicca (1998) Thorsons ISBN 0-7225-3451-5, ISBN 978-0-7225-3451-9
  • Principles of Jungian Spirituality: The Only Instruction You'll Ever Need (1998) Thorsons ISBN 0-7225-3578-3, ISBN 978-0-7225-3578-3
  • Celtic Wisdom: Seasonal Festivals and Rituals (1998) Sterling Pub Co Inc ISBN 0-8069-7056-1, ISBN 978-0-8069-7056-1
  • Your dark side : How to turn your inner negativity into positive energy (2001) (co-author Christopher Crowley) Thorsons ISBN 0-7225-3877-4
  • The Goddess Book of Days (2003) Vega Books ISBN 1-84333-623-5, ISBN 978-1-84333-623-5
  • Wild Once : Awaken the magic within. Unleash true Power (2022) Penguin ISBN 978-1-529-12489-7

Journal articles[edit]

  • "Wicca as Nature Religion" in Nature Religion Today: Paganism in the Modern World J.Pearson, Professor R.Roberts, G.Samuel (1998), pp. 170–179. ISBN 978-0748610570
  • "Jungian Feminists" in Leeming D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • "Carl Jung and the Development of Contemporary Paganism" paper for `The Development of Paganism: History, Influences and Contexts, 1880-2002' Conference organised by The Open University Religious Studies Research Group Belief Beyond Boundaries (12 January 2002).


  1. ^ Hutton, Ronald (1999). Triumph of the Moon. London: Oxford University Press. pp. 373. ISBN 0-19-285449-6. ... the Pagan Federation was refounded with a larger and more formal structure; five executive officers, a treasury and an extended framework for dealing with correspondence and for production of The Wiccan. The president was Leonora James, the secretary another high priestess, Vivianne Crowley, who had been trained in Alexandrian and Gardnerian Wicca in the 1970s and come to prominence in the 1980s.
  2. ^ The Triumph of the Moon, 1999, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0192854490 page 373
  3. ^ Hjelm, Titus, ed. (2005). Mitä wicca on? (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Like. p. 28. ISBN 952-471-502-3. Her book Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Age (1989) is a typical example of a strongly psychologized interpretation of Wicca. The book in question is one of the most valued and widespread books on Wicca.
  4. ^ The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca by Rosemary Ellen Guiley (2008) Pg. 82 Infobase Publishing

External links[edit]