Vojislav Koštunica during the 2006 European People's Party Congress in Rome, Italy
|8th Prime Minister of Serbia|
4 March 2004 – 7 July 2008
|President||Dragan Maršićanin (Acting)|
Vojislav Mihailović (Acting)
Predrag Marković (Acting)
|Preceded by||Zoran Živković|
|Succeeded by||Mirko Cvetković|
|4th President of Yugoslavia|
7 October 2000 – 7 March 2003
|Prime Minister||Momir Bulatović|
|Preceded by||Slobodan Milošević|
|Succeeded by||Svetozar Marović|
|Born||24 March 1944|
Belgrade, German-occupied Serbia
|Political party||Democratic (1990–1992)|
Serbian Democratic (1992–2014)
(m. 1976; her death 2015)
|Alma mater||University of Belgrade|
Vojislav Koštunica (Serbian Cyrillic: Војислав Коштуница, pronounced [ʋǒjislaʋ koʃtǔnit͡sa] (listen); born 24 March 1944) is a former Serbian politician. He was the last president of Yugoslavia from 2000 to 2003, and the prime minister of Serbia in two terms (from 2004 to 2007, and from 2007 to 2008).
Koštunica won the 2000 Yugoslavian presidential election as a candidate of a wide alliance Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS), which led to overthrow of Slobodan Milošević and withdrawal of international sanctions against FR Yugoslavia. He strictly opposed the cooperation with International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and his party left the coalition government in protest of a decision to extradite Slobodan Milošević to the ICTY. After the 2003 Serbian parliamentary election, the first elections after the dissolution of DOS and assassination of Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić, Koštunica formed the minority government with the support of the Milošević's Socialist Party of Serbia and became the head of government. He was one of the crucial figures for the adoption of the first constitution of an independent Serbia, as well as for declaring Serbia a neutral country. During his second government, he opposed signing the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA), leading to the fall of the government after a year and early elections won by pro-European parties.
He was one of the founders and the first president of the Democratic Party of Serbia since its creation in 1992 until 19 March 2014, when he resigned as party president and retired from active politics after his party failed to reach 5% threshold to enter the Parliament on March 16 elections for the first time in its history. In October 2014, he left the party after disagreements with new party leadership over what he saw as their abandonment of the policy of political neutrality.
Early life and education
Koštunica was born on 24 March 1944 in his family home in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. As a youth he went by the nickname 'Voja'. He was educated in Belgrade, where he finished elementary school, and graduated from the Second Belgrade High School in 1962. Koštunica enrolled in the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Law the same year, graduating in 1966. He earned his master's degree in 1970 and his Ph.D. in 1974 with his thesis "Institutionalized Opposition in the Political System of Capitalism".
Koštunica was an assistant at the faculty from 1970 until 1974, when he left due to a political purge at the university for criticising the communist regime of Josip Broz Tito. After his expulsion, Koštunica worked at the Institute of Social Sciences, and from 1981 at the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, where he engaged in the protection of human rights, specifically in the defence of freedom of thought and expression.
President of FR Yugoslavia (2000–03)
Supported by both nationalists and liberals, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia backed him in the 2000 presidential election against incumbent Slobodan Milošević. Koštunica received 50.26 percent of the vote in the first round of voting, just a few thousand votes over the threshold needed to win outright. Milošević disputed the results of the first round, claiming that Koštunica had only received 49 percent of the vote and a runoff was required. The Otpor movement, a student-led movement to oust Milosevic and install free and fair elections, organized a protest where thousands of Serbians participated in strikes and took over the Belgrade capital and forced Milošević to accept the results and step down as president. Koštunica then assumed the presidency. He was the last president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Koštunica opposed the extradition of his predecessor, to the Hague Tribunal, and voiced opposition to the court several times.
Prime Minister of Serbia (2004–08)
Following the parliamentary elections in December 2003, in which the DSS emerged as the largest of the reformist parties, Koštunica became prime minister in March 2004 at the head of the new minority government, albeit with the support of the Socialist Party of Serbia. However, as a result of the bad showing of the presidential candidate Dragan Maršićanin in the 2004 presidential election, Koštunica announced that parliamentary elections should be expected by the end of the year just following the adoption of a new Constitution.
On 15 May 2007, after a brief crisis in his coalition, he was sworn in for his second term as prime minister.
Koštunica is a conservative politician with strong anti-communist views but also critical of the West, namely the United States and the European Union. In an interview with German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel, Koštunica stated he is "fairly close to de Gaulle", in his views.
On 21 February 2008, following Kosovo's declaration of independence, Koštunica made an emotional speech in Belgrade, which included the following:
Dear citizens of Serbia, Serbia! What is Kosovo? Where is Kosovo? Whose is Kosovo? Is there anyone among us who is not from Kosovo? Is there anyone among us who thinks that Kosovo does not belong to us? Kosovo – that's Serbia's first name. Kosovo belongs to Serbia. Kosovo belongs to the Serbian people. That’s how it has been for ever. That's how it's going to be for ever. There is no force, no threat, and no punishment big and hideous enough for any Serb, at any time, to say anything different but, Kosovo is Serbia! Never will anyone hear from us that the Patriarchate of Peć does not belong to us, that Visoki Dečani and Gračanica are not ours! That the place where we were born is not ours; we and our state and our church and everything that makes us what we are today! If we as Serbs renounce Serbianhood, our origin, our Kosovo, our ancestors and our history – then, who are we Serbs? What is our name then?
Buses took thousands of supporters to the rally; some protestors then attacked embassies and looted shops.
On 8 March 2008, Koštunica, as Prime Minister of Serbia, called for new elections on 11 May after the collapse of his party's coalition with the Democratic Party over relations with the European Union and Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence.
On the European Union
On 4 April 2008, Koštunica stated that EU membership was no longer on the agenda for Serbia. He stated that before EU integration could continue, Serbia and the EU must discuss the matter of Serbia’s territorial integrity.
On 21 April 2008 Koštunica said that the SAA was in the interests of Olli Rehn and Javier Solana and not in Serbia's national interests. He also said that "the NATO pact cannot claim that Serbia recognised Kosovo’s independence with that signature." and that "the only thing the NATO pact will be able to claim is that individual parties signed Solana’s agreement.".
On 27 April 2008 he said that anyone who signed the SAA on behalf of Serbia would become an accomplice to tearing Serbia apart. He also implied there is a cover-up of something in the agreement by saying: "I am convinced every Serbian sees that things are being covered up, and that there is something seriously amiss with the Solana agreement." and he asked "who in Serbia dares to ignore these facts and conceal the real goal of Solana's agreement.".
On 28 April 2008 he said that "the signature will not be valid for Serbia and whoever signs the SAA will have to assume responsibility for such an act".
On 1 May 2008 Koštunica said that Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov was right when he said that the SAA should have been signed before Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence and its recognition by 18 EU member states at the time. One day later on 2 May 2008 he vowed to annul the agreement after the election, calling it "a trick", "Solana's agreement" and "the Tadić-Đelić SAA signature". He said he refers to the act of signing of the SAA as anti-Constitutional and anti-state that leads to the breakup of Serbia. A spokesperson of Koštunica's Democratic Party of Serbia stated that Tadić was putting a seal of Judas of his party coalition to the Solana Agreement by signing it. On 4 May he called the document "a forgery and a trick".
- Democratic Party of Serbia
- Cabinet of Vojislav Koštunica (2004–2007)
- Cabinet of Vojislav Koštunica II (2007–2008)
- "Vojislav Koštunica – kandidat DSS-a". B92. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- "Kostunica`s resignation: Political retirement of last Serbian Euro-skeptic". balkaneu.com. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Vojislav Koštunica napustio DSS". Vreme. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Srbiji je potreban državotvorni pokret". dps.rs. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Slobodan Samardžić predsednik Državotvornog pokreta Srbije". Blic. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "English Summaries". Der Spiegel. 13 November 2000. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "The Promise is Given, Kosovo is Serbia as Long as We Live". Tanjug, via Serbian Orthodox Church. 21 February 2008.
- Judah. The Serbs. Yale University Press. p. 359. ISBN 978-0-300-15826-7.
- Kirka, Danica (26 February 2008). "Putin's Likely Successor, Pledging Support for Serbia, Signs Pipeline Deal". The Washington Post. Associated Press. p. A11.
- "Serbia's ruling coalition collapses". BBC. 8 March 2008.
- "Koštunica: EU membership not on agenda". B92. 4 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
-  Archived 12 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "SAA not in Serbia's state interests". B92. 21 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "Koštunica on SAA: Who dares to become accomplice". B92. 26 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "Koštunica slams EU deal signing as anti-state". B92. 28 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "Koštunica agrees with Lavrov: SAA long overdue". B92. 1 May 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "EU deal signature will be annulled". B92. 2 May 2008. Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "Koštunica: SAA breaking Serbia up". B92. 3 May 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "DSS: EU deal signature, seal of Judas". B92. 29 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "Koštunica says signed EU deal is forgery". B92. 4 May 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vojislav Koštunica.|
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