Wapack National Wildlife Refuge

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Wapack National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Map showing the location of Wapack National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Wapack National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
Location Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States
Nearest city Peterborough, New Hampshire
Coordinates 42°53′00″N 71°51′58″W / 42.88341°N 71.86618°W / 42.88341; -71.86618Coordinates: 42°53′00″N 71°51′58″W / 42.88341°N 71.86618°W / 42.88341; -71.86618[1]
Area 1,672 acres (6.77 km2)
Established 1972
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Wapack National Wildlife Refuge was New Hampshire's first refuge and was established through a donation in 1972. The 1,672-acre (677 ha) refuge is located about 20 miles (32 km) west of Nashua, New Hampshire and encompasses the 2,278-foot (694 m) North Pack Monadnock Mountain. The refuge is a popular hawk migration area and provides nesting habitat for numerous migratory songbirds such as the American tree sparrow, Swainson's thrush, magnolia warbler, crossbills, pine grosbeaks and white-throated sparrow. The refuge also supports a wide variety of upland wildlife including deer, bear, coyote, fisher, fox, mink and weasel.

A 3-mile (5 km) segment of the 21-mile (34 km) Wapack Trail passes through the refuge and rewards hikers with a beautiful view of the surrounding mountains.

The refuge lies in the towns of Greenfield, Lyndeborough, and Temple, and is administered by the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge in Newburyport, Massachusetts.


Birds observed on the refuge during a 2002 breeding season survey:


The refuge provides habitat for many mammal species, some of which include:

Reptiles and amphibians[edit]

Some amphibian species on the refuge:


The insect diversity on the refuge provides an integral food source to many bird species. No invertebrate survey has ever been done on the refuge so we cannot list exact species names, however some insect species visitors may encounter while on the refuge include:


Habitat types on the refuge:

  • Northern hardwood-conifer
  • Hemlock-hardwood pine
  • Spruce-fir
  • Old field
  • Scrub-shrub
  • Talus slopes
  • Rock ledges


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.