White Building (Phnom Penh)
The White Building, originally known as the Municipal Apartments, is a large and prominent apartment building in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, one of the major works of New Khmer Architecture. Designed as a 450-metre (1,480 ft) architectural composition on Samdach Sothearos Boulevard near the Bassac River, it was built in 1963 as a symbol of modernism in Cambodia, part of a large composition of civic buildings. Design precedents included Le Corbusier's Ville Radieuse. Its architects were Lu Ban Hap, a Khmer, and Russian-French engineer Vladimir Bodiansky, with oversight by Cambodian state architect Vann Molyvann. The White Building was designed to house moderate-income tenants, mainly artists, while the nearby Grey Building was for more prosperous tenants. After years of neglect and deterioration since the fall of the Khmer Rouge, the building is to be demolished in 2017.
The building is composed of six blocks of concrete construction, three or four stories tall, connected by open bridge structures, along a double-loaded spine. It oincluded stores and doctors' offices as well as 468 apartments.
Tenants fled during the Cambodian Genocide in the 1970s. After the defeat of the Khmer Rouge in 1979 the White Building was reoccupied by former tenants and squatters. It gradually declined and became known for poverty, drug use and prostitution. Its population in 2015 was about 2500.
According to municipal authorities, the building is structurally deteriorating and is unsafe. Tenants have used the high-ceilinged rooms to add lofts, and balconies have been enclosed, obscuring the once-white building's design and also adding weight to the structure. Cracking appeared in 2015 after construction on an adjoining lot. Several proposals have been made to tear it down for redevelopment. Eviction orders were issued in July 2015. However, the building's status as an iconic New Khmer building has stimulated preservation efforts.
In July 2017, the almost 500 families still living in the White Building were moving out; the building is to be replaced by a 21-storey mixed-use development.
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