Phnom Penh International Airport
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|Phnom Penh International Airport|
Aéroport International de Phnom Penh
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||Cambodia Airport Management Services|
|Serves||Phnom Penh, Cambodia|
|Elevation AMSL||40 ft / 12 m|
Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ French: Aéroport International de Phnom Penh), is the busiest airport in terms of passenger movements and largest airport in Cambodia containing land area of 400 hectares. It is located 10 kilometres (5.4 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Ground Transportation
- 4 Airfield
- 5 Expansions and renovations
- 6 Airlines and destinations
- 7 Statistics
- 8 International terminal profile
- 9 Domestic terminal profile
- 10 Accidents and incidents
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Phnom Penh airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិពោធិ៍ចិនតុង).
On 6 July 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French–Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d'Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) – Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 per cent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 per cent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $100 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting.
The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession's proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions.
Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 20,000-square-metre (220,000 sq ft) terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $20 million terminal building includes four mobile aerobridges, over 1000 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.
The airport also has a Dairy Queen inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia. Also, the first Starbucks Coffee, in Cambodia, has also just been opened in the new terminal.
The airport has two terminal buildings – one for international and one for domestic operations. Recently, it added a new facility for VIP service. The international terminal has 4 aerobridges built in 2003. 3 more aerobridges were added during the passenger terminal expansion in 2016-2017. The airport's design capacity is 5 million people per year.
There are a few options to transfer to/from Phnom Penh International Airport and the city. Outside the Arrival Hall, passengers can take a taxi provided by the Airport Taxi Association, which costs between $12 and $18 depending on the destination. A cheaper alternative would be to connect to the Airport's free Wifi or buy a local SIM card with data and book a ride from Grab, the popular ride-hailing app. The trip costs somewhere between $2 and $12 depending on the destination.
- Length: 3,000 metres (9,800 ft)
- Width: 50 metres (160 ft)
- Orientation: 50° – 225° (QFU 05 – 23)
- Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base
- Perpendicular taxiways (30 metres or 98 feet wide plus shoulders 5 metres or 16 feet wide each): 5
- Peak hour capacity: 20 movements (taxiways)
- Number of stands: 20
- Concrete area: 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft), 10 stands
- Asphalt area: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft), 10 stands
- Total area: 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft)
- Navigation aids and visual aids:
Expansions and renovations
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In 2014, Cambodia Airports announced a $100 million project to expand the passenger terminals at Phnom Penh and Siem Reap international airports to accommodate continued strong passenger growth. The project saw the extension of the parking lots and terminals, more check-in and immigration counters, and new baggage handling systems.
Additionally, the commercial areas were enlarged to allow for more retail shops, new restaurants and food and beverage outlets, and mezzanine lounges to cater to first class and business travellers.
The expansions will allow the airport to double its capacity to handle 5 million passengers a year from 2.5 million passengers.
In January 2018, the Cambodian government approved a proposal to build a new airport to serve Phnom Penh that will cost an estimated US$1.5 billion. The new international airport will replace the existing Phnom Penh International Airport, with initial plans having the facilities being constructed on partially reclaimed land adjacent to Boueng Cheung Loung, a large lake in Kandal province about 30 kilometres south of Phnom Penh.
Cambodia Airport Investment, a joint venture 90 percent owned by Overseas Cambodia Investment Corporation (OCIC), one of the country’s largest real estate developers, and 10 percent by the government’s State Secretariat of Civil Aviation, plans to invest the $1.5 billion to construct the new airport. The OCIC will invest US$280 million, while unspecified "foreign banks" will provide US$1.1 billion in funding. The OCIC will own 90 per cent of the shares in the completed airport, with the rest going to the SSCA
While the construction plans are still in the early stages of development, the 4F class airport will be capable of handling large long-haul aircraft and will reportedly cover an area of around 2,600 hectares, which would make it one of the largest airports in the world.
Airlines and destinations
|Year||Total passengers||Change from previous year||Total aircraft movements||Change from previous year|
International terminal profile
- Total capacity: 2 million passengers
- Surface: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft)
- Waiting lounges: 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft)
- VIP Lounge: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft)
- Food & Beverage: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft)
- Duty Free: 1,000 square metres (11,000 sq ft)
- Seat capacity: 500
- Check-in counters: 32
- Visa, Immigration and Customs counters: 20
- Number of gates: 7 with airbridges, 10 with bus access
- Baggage conveyors: 5 (International)
- Car parking: 500
Domestic terminal profile
- Handling capacity Domestic Departures Terminal: 1000 passengers per hour.
- Floor surface
- Boarding gates
Arrival side (open space concept)
- Floor surface
- Total capacity: 1 million passengers/year
Accidents and incidents
- On 3 December 1973, Douglas DC-3 XW-PHV of Air Union was reported to have crashed shortly after take-off.
- On 19 January 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-HAK, Douglas DC-3 XU-KAL of Khmer Hansa and Douglas C-47A N86AC of South East Asia Air Transport were all destroyed in a rocket attack on the airport.
- On 22 February 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-GAJ of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.
- On 10 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Samaki Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.
- On 11 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.
- In March 1975, Vickers Viscount XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed. Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.
- On 11 April 1975, a Douglas DC-3 (possibly XW-PKT) of Sorya Airlines was hit by shrapnel shortly after take-off. The aircraft was destroyed by fire and two of the three occupants were killed. The same day, Douglas C-47B XW-TFB of Air Cambodge was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.
- 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134 crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh. The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.
- Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
- 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lanmei Airlines plans late-Nov 2017 Hong Kong launch". Routesonline.
- "Ruili Airlines adds Phnom Penh service from June 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Shenzhen Airlines schedules Nanning – Phnom Penh Sep 2018 launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Spring Airlines adjusts planned Guangzhou international routes in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Spring Airlines adds new Cambodia routes from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- "Spring Airlines launches new Phnom Penh routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Cathay to open air freight Cambodia". Phnom Penh Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- April 2016|accessdate=7 April 2016
- "Traffic Data". Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "XW-PHV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "XU-HAK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- "XU-KAL Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- "N86AC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- "XU-GAJ Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
- "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Archived from the original on 18 May 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
- "XW-TFB Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- "VN-A120 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 May 2011.