Wickham

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For other uses, see Wickham (disambiguation).
Wickham
Wickham is located in Hampshire
Wickham
Wickham
 Wickham shown within Hampshire
Population 4,816 (2001)
OS grid reference SU572115
District City of Winchester
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FAREHAM
Postcode district PO17
Dialling code 01329
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Meon Valley
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 50°54′N 1°11′W / 50.90°N 1.19°W / 50.90; -1.19

Wickham, formerly spelled Wykeham, is a small historic village and civil parish in Hampshire, southern England, located about three miles north of Fareham. It is within the City of Winchester local government district, although it is considerably closer to Fareham than to Winchester. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 4,816.

The centre of Wickham is focused on its wide and well-proportioned square, which is lined with historic buildings and is designated a conservation area.[1][2]

It was the fording place of the River Meon on the Roman road between Noviomagus Regnorum (Chichester) and Venta Belgarum (Winchester), and the inferred divergent point of the route to Clausentum (Bitterne). The Roman road from Wickham to Chichester is still followed today by local roads, passing behind Portsdown Hill to the north of Portsmouth Harbour and then onwards via Havant. In contrast, the route to Winchester is mostly likely lost through neglect in the Dark Ages, before present field patterns emerged.

There have been a reasonable number of sites identified nearby associated with Romano-British industry. These have mainly been pottery kilns focused around the limit of navigation of the River Hamble, near Botley. It is also here that a ford on the Clausentum road has been identified.

Wickham has occasionally been hypothesised as an alternative to Nursling (on the River Test) or Neatham (near Alton) for the Roman station Onna listed in the Antonine Itinerary. However, no definite location for Onna has been determined.

It was the birthplace of William of Wykeham, founder of Winchester College and New College, Oxford.[3]

The Admiralty Shutter Telegraph Line had a station at Wickham.

The village was an intermediate station on the Meon Valley Railway, a late Victorian route, until the line closed in 1955. At one time this railway was conceived as a direct route from London to the Isle of Wight. The closed line is now established as a cycle path and bridleway along the valley of the River Meon.

The village has a community centre[4] which is home to many activities, including the Home-Start Meon Valley Charity,[5] a badminton club,[6] an Elim Pentecostal Church church[7] and a monthly antiques fair.

A traditional gypsy horse fair is held annually, every May 20 (or another day if a Sunday), and is a picturesque scene in the village Square.

Wickham Festival[edit]

The Oysterband headlining the first Wickham Festival in 2006

Farmland north of Wickham serves as the venue for Wickham Festival, which is an annual 4 day music event. The first Wickham Festival was held from 3–6 August 2006 in the Community Centre and environs. Artists performing included Daby Blade from Senegal, Spiers and Boden, Los Pacaminos, Richard Thompson, Shooglenifty, Sparks, Oysterband, Fiddlers' Bid, Osibisa, Flook, Steeleye Span and The Larry Love Showband.

After briely moving to Stokes Bay in 2008 and 2009, the festival returned to Wickham in 2010, where it has remained ever since.[8] Wickham Festival has expanded over the years, and has featured performances from such artists as James Blunt, 10cc, Wilko Johnson, The Proclaimers, KT Tunstall, Hugh Cornwell and Lightning Seeds.[9]

Shopping[edit]

Chesapeake Mill.

Wickham's historic village square is home to a number of bars and restaurants, as well as boutique shops and hotels. Wickham is also home to the Chesapeake Mill - a former water mill which now serves as a retail centre for antique and gift sellers.

Sport[edit]

Tennis

Wickham has its own tennis club, with two flood lit courts on Wickham Recreation Ground. The Club offers a number of coaching programmes and adult teams.

See Also[edit]

Wickham Railway Station

Chesapeake Mill

Not to be confused with...[edit]

Wickham Market

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ [2][dead link]
  3. ^ "Biography of William of Wykeham (1324-1404), Bishop of Winchester". Britannia.com. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  4. ^ "Wickham Centre Home Page". Wickhamcentre.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  5. ^ "Home-Start Meon Valley". Home-Start Meon Valley. 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  6. ^ "Wickham Badminton Group". Wickhambadminton.hampshire.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  7. ^ "You're invited, just come along!". Meon Valley Church. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  8. ^ http://www.portsmouth.co.uk/news/local/wickham-festival-to-return-with-the-levellers-1-1245668 | Portsmouth News | Wickham Festival To Return With The Levellers
  9. ^ http://www.efestivals.co.uk/festivals/eastleigh
  • Sharp, Thomas (1946) The Anatomy of the Village, Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin