William Branthwaite D.D. (died 1619) was an English scholar and translator.
Branthwaite studied at Clare Hall, Cambridge and, in 1584 became a founding fellow of Emmanuel College under Laurence Chaderton. This position he retained until his subsequent selection as master. He was the first of eighteen members of his family to enter. In 1607 he was appointed Master of Gonville and Caius by royal mandate. He also served in the "Second Cambridge Company" charged by James I of England with translating the Apocrypha for the King James Version of the Bible. He died, whilst Vice-chancellor, in January 1619.
- Biographical history of Gonville and Caius college, 1349-1897: Vol. I, p. 196, Venn, Roberts and Gross (Cambridge 1897).
- Nicolson, Adam. (2003) God's Secretaries: The Making of the King James Bible. New York: HarperCollins ISBN 0-06-095975-4
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