Windsor Square, Los Angeles

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Windsor Square
Windsor Square Neighborhood Sign located at the intersection of Third Street and Van Ness.
Windsor Square Neighborhood Sign located at the intersection of Third Street and Van Ness.
Windsor Square is located in Western Los Angeles
Windsor Square
Windsor Square
Location within Western Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°04′09″N 118°19′14″W / 34.0692°N 118.3206°W / 34.0692; -118.3206
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
CityLos Angeles
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
Zip Code
90004, 90020, 90010
Area code(s)323

Windsor Square is a small, historic neighborhood in the Wilshire region of Los Angeles, California. It is known for its lush greenery and its giant mansions. It is highly diverse in ethnic makeup, with a population older and better-educated than the city norm. Many notable Los Angeles residents and celebrities live in Windsor Square, and it is the site of the official residence of the mayor of the city. It is served by a vest-pocket public park.

Windsor Square advertisement, 1911

History[edit]

Between 1900 and 1910 financier named George A.J. Howard envisioned a beautiful tranquil park as a setting for family homes such as one sees in the English countryside in what was then an undeveloped and rural area about halfway between the city center (now Downtown LA) and the coast. Howard pushed the early city fathers to make his vision come true, and in 1911, Mr. Robert A. Rowan was able to initiate a residential development called Windsor Square.

The development was constituted as a private square. At that time there were dense groves of bamboo in the area that needed to be destroyed before trees and gardens could be cultivated. Intervening walls or fences were discouraged so that one garden ran into another, creating a park-like setting. Windsor Square was the first area in the city to have the power lines below grade--an extraordinary innovation for 1911.[1]

To make sure that the homes were significantly upscale as befitted the exceptionally beautiful setting, deed restrictions contractually obligated a buyer to spend at least $12,000 on building a home to ensure that only the highest-quality residences were erected. A variety of houses were constructed, including Tudor revival, Italian Renaissance revival and Dutch Colonial revival.[2] Many outstanding architects designed homes for the area, including Paul Williams and A. C. Martin. As a result, many of the city's elite moved west to Windsor Square, including developer Howard and Norman Chandler, who took up lifelong residence with his wife Buffy on Lorraine Boulevard.[3]

Though the homes that fronted Wilshire Boulevard have been demolished to make way for commercial buildings, an active neighborhood association has succeeded in preserving the character of Windsor Square.[1]

In 1958, the J. Paul Getty Company bought a house on Irving Boulevard in Windsor Square. The Getty Oil Company was headquartered near the house at the intersection of Wilshire Boulevard and Western Avenue and intended to construct a new corporate headquarters on the site. Neighbors blocked the move,[4] plans were abandoned, and the property now serves as the Los Angeles's official mayor's residence.[5]

Geography[edit]

Windsor Square boundaries, from the Los Angeles Times

According to the Windsor Square Association, Windsor Square is a neighborhood of 1,100 homes between Beverly Boulevard to the north, Wilshire Boulevard to the south, Arden Boulevard to the west, and Van Ness Avenue to the east.[6] The Los Angeles Times Mapping L.A. project extends Windsor Square's eastern boundary slightly, to Wilton Place.[7]

Population[edit]

In 2008, the neighborhood had an estimated population of 6,197.[8] According to the 2000 census, Windsor Square was highly diverse, with the percentage of Asian people being high for the county. The racial breakdown was 41.6% Asian, 37.7% white, 14.8% Latino, 4.3% black, and 1.6% other. About a third (33.5%) of the residents were born outside the United States, considered a high ratio for Los Angeles, the most common country being Korea at 57.7%.[7]

The median household income was average for both the city and the county, while the percentage of households earning more than $125,000 was high for the county. The median age was 38, considered old in both the city and the county, the percentages of residents aged 35 to 64 being among the county's highest. The percentages of both widowed men and widowed women were among the county's highest, but the percentage of families headed by single parents was notably small. The percentage of veterans who served during the Vietnam War was among the county's highest.[7]

Education[edit]

Windsor Park residents are highly educated. According to the 2000 census, 46.1% of the residents had a four-year degree, high compared to the city or the county as a whole. There are no schools within the boundaries of Windsor Park.[7]

Recreation[edit]

Robert L. Burns Park, on the southwest corner of North Van Ness Avenue and Beverly Boulevard,[9] is an unstaffed pocket park.[10] Beginning in 1980, resident Barbara McRae, who was tired of noise, litter, drugs and prostitution around the park, began writing letters to city officials, and the next year she presented petitions with 2,248 signatures supporting the idea of private security patrols for the city facility. The city responded by building a 12-foot masonry wall and a chain-link fence between the park and neighboring homes. By 1989, though, criminal activity had spread throughout the surrounding neighborhood, and the Windsor Square Property Owners Association requested that the park is closed at sunset and that it be fenced, gated and locked. On December 3, 1990, an $85,000 tubular steel perimeter fence was officially installed and put into use.[11] The mayors who have lived there include:

Other notable Windsor Square residents have been:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Neighborhood Spotlight: Windsor Square values the old classics". Los Angeles Times. November 17, 2017.
  2. ^ "Neighborhood Spotlight: Windsor Square values the old classics". Los Angeles Times. 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  3. ^ Barragan, Bianca (2016-11-28). "Dorothy Chandler's Windsor Square mansion lists for $50M". Curbed LA. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  4. ^ "Not Just Another Pretty Face Lift : Gifts of Time, Money, Furnishings Build a New Foundation for the Aging Tudor Mansion That Is the Official Home of the L.A. Mayor". Los Angeles Times. 1995-11-04. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  5. ^ "History". Getty House Foundation. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  6. ^ "Windsor Square Association » About Us". Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Windsor Square". Mapping L.A.
  8. ^ "Windsor Square". Mapping L.A. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  9. ^ [1] Google maps
  10. ^ [2] Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks
  11. ^ "A FORUM FOR COMMUNITY ISSUES Making a Difference One Neighborhood's Approach: A Decade's Work Saves a Park A Mid-Wilshire Community Overcomes the Odds and Cleans Up a Crime Magnet: [Home Edition] - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  12. ^ a b c d "History". Getty House Foundation.
  13. ^ "HOT PROPERTY; Demon hunting keeps him on the road - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  14. ^ a b "Not Just Another Pretty Face Lift : Gifts of Time, Money, Furnishings Build a New Foundation for the Aging Tudor Mansion That Is the Official Home of the L.A. Mayor". Los Angeles Times. November 4, 1995.
  15. ^ "HOT PROPERTY; Chris Brown left mark on home - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  16. ^ "CALIFORNIA BRIEFING; LOS ANGELES; Chandler home claimant dies - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  17. ^ "Councilman Harold A. Henry, 70, Dies After Long Illness - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  18. ^ "HOT PROPERTY; Saldana explores new worlds - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  19. ^ "PURCHASE SIX ADJOINING LOTS.: THEATRICAL MAGNATE AND BANKER TO BUILD HOMES IN WINDSOR SQUARE. Charming Home to Be Built in Heart of Hollywood Grove. - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  20. ^ "ALL IN THE FAMILY.: Two of Four Costly Homes to Be Built by Realty Men in Windsor Square Under Way. Charming House With English Thatched Roof. - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  21. ^ "WEST END HOUSE ITALIAN IN TYPE.: HOME OF REALTY MAN WILL BE SHOW PLACE; Both Architecture and Fixtures of New Winder Square Mansion Follow Renaissance Ideals--Place One of Four Projected by Janss Family in One Tract. - ProQuest". search.proquest.com.
  22. ^ Humanities, National Endowment for the (September 17, 1911). "The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, September 17, 1911, Image 56". p. 56 – via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°04′09″N 118°19′14″W / 34.0692°N 118.3206°W / 34.0692; -118.3206