Women's Wear Daily
|Owner(s)||Penske Media Corporation|
|Founded||July 13, 1910|
Women's Wear Daily (also known as WWD) is a fashion-industry trade journal often referred to as the "Bible of fashion". It provides information and intelligence on changing trends and breaking news in the men and women's fashion, beauty and retail industries. Its readership is made up largely of retailers, designers, manufacturers, marketers, financiers, media executives, advertising agencies, socialites and trend makers.
WWD is the flagship publication of Fairchild Media, which is owned by Penske Media Corporation. In April 2015, the paper switched from a daily print format to a weekly print format, accompanied by a daily digital edition. In 2017, it announced it would ramp up its focus on digital, reducing its regular print schedule further and opt instead to publish print issues only during fashion weeks and certain other events. 
Founding and John Fairchild
WWD was founded by Edmund Fairchild on July 13, 1910, as an outgrowth of the menswear journal Daily News Record. The publication quickly acquired a firm standing in the New York clothing industry, due to the influence of its first advertisers. Edith Rosenbaum Russell served as Women's Wear Daily's first Paris correspondent. Reporters for the publication were sometimes assigned to the last row of couture shows, but the publication gained popularity by the last 1950s.
John B. Fairchild, who became the European bureau chief of Fairchild Publications in 1955 and the publisher of WWD in 1960, improved WWD's standing by focusing on the human side of fashion. He turned his newspaper's attention to the social scene of fashion designers and their clients, and helped manufacture a "cult of celebrity" around designers. Fairchild also played hardball to help his circulation. After two couturiers forbade press coverage until one month after buyers had seen their clothes, Fairchild published photos and sketches anyway. He even sent reporters to fashion houses disguised as messengers, or had them observe designers' new styles from windows of buildings opposite fashion houses. "I have learned in fashion to be a little savage," he wrote in his memoir.  John Fairchild was publisher of the magazine from 1960 to 1996.
Under Fairchild, the company's feuds were also legendary. When a designer's statements or work offended Fairchild, he would retaliate, sometimes banning any reference to them in his newspaper for years at a stretch. The newspaper famously sparred with Hubert de Givenchy, Cristóbal Balenciaga, John Weitz, Azzedine Alaia, Perry Ellis, Yves Saint Laurent, Giorgio Armani, Bill Blass, Geoffrey Beene (four times- the first over Lynda Bird Johnson's White House wedding dress design which Beene promised to keep secret until the wedding day, and later over the size of an ad in another of Fairchild's publications; Beene's allowing a rival publication to photograph his home; and a WWD reporter Beene did not like), James Galanos, Mollie Parnis, Oscar de la Renta, and Norman Norell (who was demoted from "Fashion Great" to "Old Master" in the journal's pages), among others. In response, some designers forbade their representatives from speaking to WWD reporters or disinvited WWD reporters from their fashion shows. In general, though, those excluded "kept their mouths shut and [took] it on the chin." When designer Pauline Trigère, who had been excluded from the paper for three years, took out a full-page advertisement protesting the ban in the fashion section of a 1988 New York Times Magazine, it was believed to be the first widely distributed counterattack on Fairchild's policy.
1999 to 2013: Condé Nast Publications
In 1999, Fairchild Publications was sold by the Walt Disney Company to Advance Publications, the parent company of Condé Nast Publications. As a result, Fairchild Publications became a unit of Condé Nast, though WWD was technically operated separately from Condé Nast's consumer publications such as Vogue and Glamour.
In November 2010, WWD celebrated its 100th anniversary at the Cipriani in New York, with some of the fashion industry's leading experts including designers Alber Elbaz, Ralph Lauren, Marc Jacobs and Michael Kors.
2014 to present: Penske Media Corporation
On August 19, 2014, Conde Nast sold Women's Wear Daily to Penske Media Corporation (PMC). The purchase by PMC included WWD's sister publications Footwear News, Menswear, M Magazine, and Beauty Inc as well as Fairchild's events business for a sale price close to $100 million.
On July 20, 2015, Penske Media Corporation (PMC) and Tribune Publishing Company announced that WWD would appear on LATimes.com and would also be distributed to select Los Angeles Times, San Diego Union-Tribune, Chicago Tribune and Sun-Sentinel subscribers 12 times per year.
- Miller, Lia. Women's wear dayA "Women's Wear Daily Setting Its Sights on the Luxury Market." Archived 2013-12-16 at the Wayback Machine The New York Times. (March 14, 2005).
- Horyn, Cathy. "Breaking Fashion News With a Provocative Edge". The New York Times. (August 20, 1999).
- WWD.com Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Rothenberg, Randall. "From Pauline Trigere, a Dressing Down". The New York Times. (August 17, 1988).
- Edward Nardoza, Letter From the Editor: Turning the Page. Today we say goodbye to an old friend, a morning habit for generations. This is the final newsprint edition of WWD. Archived 2016-09-16 at the Wayback Machine wwd.com April 24, 2015
- Main, Sami (23 February 2017). "Women's Wear Daily Scales Back Print Editions and Cuts Staff". AdWeek. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- Trager, James. The New York Chronology: A Compendium of Events, People, and Anecdotes from the Dutch to the Present. HarperCollins (2003), p325 Archived 2014-07-08 at the Wayback Machine. ISBN 0-06-074062-0.
- Women's Wear Daily, August 22, 1911.
- Fairchild, John. The Fashionable Savages. Doubleday (1965). (Cited in Gross, Michael. "Women's Wear Daily and Feuds in Fashion". The New York Times. (May 8, 1987).)
- Gross, Michael. "Women's Wear Daily and Feuds in Fashion". The New York Times. (May 8, 1987).
- Geoffrey Beene Biography (Fashion Designer) — Infoplease.com Archived 2013-07-31 at the Wayback Machine
- Former WWD publisher James Brady. Quoted in Rothenberg, Randall. "From Pauline Trigere, a Dressing Down". The New York Times. (August 17, 1988).
- Barringer, Felicity. "Fashion Magazine Industry Consolidates with a Big Deal". The New York Times. (August 25, 1999).
- Hoover's In-Depth Company Records. "Fairchild Publications, Inc." March 21, 2007.
- MacIntosh, Jeane. "Will WWD Play It Straight for SI?". New York Post. (Feb. 7, 2000).
- WWD celebrate 100 years Archived 2010-11-06 at the Wayback Machine www.rescu.com.au
- "Condé Nast sells Women's Wear Daily, others to Penske Media". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- Fritz, Ben; Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. "Penske Media to Buy Fairchild From Condé Nast for Nearly $100 Million". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Staff, WWD (2015-03-12). "From the Editors: WWD Launching Weekly Format". WWD. Archived from the original on 2017-07-15. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
- "Women's Wear Daily to Become a Weekly". The Cut. Archived from the original on 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
- Chang, Andrea (2015-07-20). "Women's Wear Daily content to appear in L.A. Times, other Tribune papers". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
- Isadore Barmash; Edward Gold; Marvin Klapper; Sandy Parker; Sidney Rutberg; Mort Sheinman & Stanley Siegelman (2005). Fashion, Retailing and a Bygone Era: Inside Women's Wear Daily—A Look Back. Baltimore, MD: Beard Books. ISBN 1-58798-269-2.