Worcester State Hospital
|Worcester State Hospital|
|Massachusetts Department of Mental Health|
|Location||Worcester, Massachusetts, United States|
|Hospital type||Mental hospital|
Worcester Asylum and related buildings
|Location||305 Belmont St., Worcester, Massachusetts|
|Architect||Weston & Rand; Et al.|
|NRHP Reference #||80000530|
|Added to NRHP||March 05, 1980|
Worcester State Hospital was a Massachusetts state mental hospital located in Worcester, Massachusetts. It is credited to the architectural firm of Weston & Rand. The hospital and surrounding associated historic structures are listed as Worcester Asylum and related buildings on the National Register of Historic Places.
It was once known as the Worcester Lunatic Asylum and the Bloomingdale Asylum. The hospital dates back to the 1830s. On January 12, 1833, the Worcester Insane Asylum opened. It was the first of its kind in the state. During the first year, 164 patients were received.
As the facility soon became overcrowded, superintendent Merrick Bemis called for the construction of a new asylum. A massive structure was to be laid out in the Kirkbride Plan and located on Belmont Street. Construction began in 1870 and the newly built Worcester State Hospital was completed in 1876 at the cost of well over a million dollars. The building seems to reflect more of a prison complex in the styles, layout, and sheer size of the institution.
In 1901 a satellite facility which became the Grafton State Hospital was opened in nearby Grafton, Massachusetts to give non-violent patients an opportunity to engage in therapeutic work in a rural environment.
Current use and redevelopment
Although the facility was officially closed in 1991, operations still continue at the facility in a newer building. In 2004 a proposal to build a new facility on this property was put into the works and called for all of the remaining newer and old building to be torn down.
Erecting the new hospital will take the place of both the current Westborough and Worcester State hospitals.
In 2008, there were plans to film Shutter Island on the grounds of the hospital. Because of the pending demolition of the facility, filming was not approved and instead the filming took place at Medfield State Hospital.
In 2008, the remaining buildings on the property with the exception of the clock tower administration building and the Hooper Turret were torn down. In the spring of 2009 construction on the new hospital began. Designed by Ellenzweig Associates the new facility is 428,000 square feet and LEEDS Gold Certified.
The new hospital was completed in October 2012 and has three recovery stages - House, Neighborhood, and Downtown, progressing as recovery increases. The facility has 260 adult beds, 30 adolescent inpatient beds and 30 adolescent intensive residential treatment beds.
- Andras Angyal, Psychiatrist in the research unit from 1937 to 1945.
- David Shakow, Psychologist in the research unit
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Worcester State Hospital". Worcester, Massachusetts: opacity.us. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Volume 7, Issue 1, pages 32–35, January 1937
- Kirkbride Buildings
- Photoessay on the 1877 Kirkbride complex
- The Coalition to Stop Institutional Violence records, 1972-1989 (bulk 1976-1981) are located in the Northeastern University Libraries, Archives and Special Collections Department, Boston, MA.