Plymouth County, Massachusetts

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Plymouth County, Massachusetts
Seal of Plymouth County, Massachusetts
Seal
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Plymouth County
Location in the U.S. state of Massachusetts
Map of the United States highlighting Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location in the U.S.
Founded 1685
Seat Plymouth and Brockton
Largest city Brockton
Area
 • Total 1,093 sq mi (2,831 km2)
 • Land 659 sq mi (1,707 km2)
 • Water 434 sq mi (1,124 km2), 40%
Population
 • (2010) 494,919
 • Density 751/sq mi (290/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 8th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.plymouthcounty-ma.gov

Plymouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 494,919.[1] Its county seats[2] are Plymouth and Brockton.[3] In 1685 the County was created by the Plymouth General Court, the legislature of Plymouth Colony, predating its annexation by the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Plymouth County is included in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,093 square miles (2,830 km2), of which 659 square miles (1,710 km2) is land and 434 square miles (1,120 km2) (40%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county in Massachusetts by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

The towns of Hingham and Hull in Plymouth County extend north of Norfolk County and face onto Massachusetts Bay, sharing a northern water boundary with Suffolk County.

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 29,512
1800 30,073 1.9%
1810 35,169 16.9%
1820 38,136 8.4%
1830 43,044 12.9%
1840 47,373 10.1%
1850 55,697 17.6%
1860 64,768 16.3%
1870 65,365 0.9%
1880 74,018 13.2%
1890 92,700 25.2%
1900 113,985 23.0%
1910 144,337 26.6%
1920 156,968 8.8%
1930 162,311 3.4%
1940 168,824 4.0%
1950 189,468 12.2%
1960 248,449 31.1%
1970 333,314 34.2%
1980 405,437 21.6%
1990 435,276 7.4%
2000 472,822 8.6%
2010 494,919 4.7%
Est. 2015 510,393 [5] 3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
Jacob Thaxter House in Hingham

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 472,822 people, 168,361 households, and 122,398 families residing in the county. The population density was 716 people per square mile (276/km²). There were 181,524 housing units at an average density of 275 per square mile (106/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.70% White, 4.56% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.06% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 2.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of Irish, 12.8% Italian, 10.6% English and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 90.1% spoke English, 2.5% Spanish, 2.3% Portuguese, 1.5% French Creole and 1.0% French as their first language.

There were 168,361 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 22.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $55,615, and the median income for a family was $65,554 (these figures had risen to $70,335 and $82,560 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[11]). Males had a median income of $45,535 versus $31,389 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,789. About 4.90% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

The leading ancestry group in Plymouth County is Irish, with 31%. Plymouth County, along with Norfolk County, Massachusetts, claims the highest percentage of people with Irish ancestry in the United States.[1]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 494,919 people, 181,126 households, and 127,925 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 750.9 inhabitants per square mile (289.9/km2). There were 200,161 housing units at an average density of 303.7 per square mile (117.3/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 85.5% white, 7.2% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.2% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 33.7% were Irish, 15.8% were Italian, 15.3% were English, 7.3% were German, and 3.7% were American.[14]

Of the 181,126 households, 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.18. The median age was 41.1 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $73,131 and the median income for a family was $86,251. Males had a median income of $60,303 versus $43,837 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,333. About 5.0% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Demographic breakdown by town[edit]

Income[edit]

The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[16][17][18]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
Duxbury CDP $80,077 $113,672 $218,542 1,459 555
South Duxbury CDP $68,911 $139,712 $169,671 3,435 1,260
Hingham CDP $61,486 $104,926 $134,637 5,856 2,117
The Pinehills CDP $58,507 $91,875 $115,819 922 488
1 Hingham Town $56,671 $99,318 $132,744 21,916 8,046
2 Duxbury Town $55,510 $122,396 $139,873 14,978 5,256
3 Norwell Town $48,440 $109,167 $118,679 10,430 3,468
Green Harbor CDP $47,993 $128,828 $134,157 2,245 876
Marshfield Hills CDP $47,593 $102,344 $135,396 2,485 916
4 Scituate Town $47,122 $89,485 $111,893 18,115 6,957
Marion Center CDP $45,404 $83,413 $97,102 1,081 435
5 Marion Town $43,383 $87,793 $90,536 4,926 1,873
6 Hull Town $43,290 $72,036 $95,964 10,391 4,672
North Scituate CDP $43,214 $84,712 $107,606 5,394 1,955
Ocean Bluff-Brant Rock CDP $42,296 $77,245 $89,940 4,705 1,920
7 Marshfield Town $42,269 $93,743 $110,756 25,059 9,322
Scituate CDP $40,337 $69,388 $107,647 5,201 2,169
8 Hanover Town $39,631 $100,982 $114,484 13,813 4,729
North Lakeville CDP $39,363 $67,361 $103,456 2,174 840
9 Mattapoisett Town $39,312 $82,065 $95,568 6,073 2,436
10 Kingston Town $37,783 $77,288 $86,489 12,556 4,624
11 Plympton Town $37,755 $93,882 $102,773 2,799 991
Kingston CDP $36,335 $67,292 $75,671 5,695 2,250
Marshfield CDP $36,112 $71,938 $100,855 4,501 1,838
12 Pembroke Town $35,228 $82,064 $98,156 17,740 6,291
Massachusetts State $35,051 $65,981 $83,371 6,512,227 2,522,409
13 Lakeville Town $35,010 $93,260 $104,416 10,533 3,586
Plymouth Center CDP $34,997 $51,463 $80,924 6,900 3,177
14 Rochester Town $34,994 $98,728 $104,496 5,159 1,699
15 Halifax Town $34,880 $83,522 $89,456 7,516 2,798
Mattapoisett Center CDP $34,877 $65,034 $85,758 2,898 1,223
Plymouth County County $34,285 $74,698 $88,110 492,934 178,996
16 Plymouth Town $33,891 $76,631 $90,764 56,011 20,946
17 West Bridgewater Town $33,590 $80,729 $95,182 6,896 2,432
18 Abington Town $33,386 $81,677 $92,839 15,841 5,962
19 Hanson Town $32,864 $89,000 $96,705 10,148 3,436
North Pembroke CDP $32,239 $74,866 $80,776 3,090 1,180
20 East Bridgewater Town $31,802 $79,676 $98,113 13,704 4,682
21 Whitman Town $31,378 $74,610 $87,713 14,430 5,192
22 Middleborough Town $31,179 $73,490 $85,769 22,807 8,059
West Wareham CDP $31,166 $43,029 $63,452 2,178 963
Hanson CDP $30,630 $88,750 $95,085 1,932 666
23 Rockland Town $30,325 $63,896 $74,203 17,515 6,912
24 Bridgewater Town $29,460 $88,697 $101,641 26,508 7,927
25 Carver Town $29,176 $70,608 $85,996 11,481 4,286
26 Wareham Town $28,066 $52,556 $64,891 21,673 9,176
United States Country $27,915 $52,762 $64,293 306,603,772 114,761,359
Weweantic CDP $27,543 $45,833 $51,563 2,008 870
North Plymouth CDP $27,533 $54,000 $77,952 3,740 1,452
Onset CDP $27,391 $41,458 $44,507 1,026 605
Wareham Center CDP $27,391 $45,392 $54,357 3,122 1,533
Middleborough Center CDP $26,763 $59,112 $76,111 6,593 2,407
White Island Shores CDP $25,656 $88,519 $91,250 2,186 680
Bridgewater CDP $22,994 $60,744 $79,621 7,724 2,359
27 Brockton City $22,312 $49,848 $57,228 93,916 33,238

Government and politics[edit]

Plymouth County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Republican Democratic
2012 47.2% 121,086 51.4% 131,845
2008 45.2% 112,904 52.8% 131,817
2004 45.3% 105,603 53.7% 125,178
2000 39.1% 82,751 54.3% 115,376
1996 33.3% 64,626 54.7% 106,072
1992 33.5% 69,514 38.1% 79,160
1988 54.6% 105,684 43.7% 84,587
1984 60.2% 105,230 39.4% 68,923
1980 49.4% 85,593 33.9% 58,772
1976 45.4% 74,684 50.9% 83,663
1972 52.1% 76,062 47.3% 69,124
1968 42.7% 54,644 53.0% 67,771
1964 31.5% 37,941 68.1% 82,007
1960 51.5% 60,977 48.3% 57,175

The executive authority of the County government is vested in the County Commissioners. The current Commissioners are Chairman Daniel A. Pallotta[19][20] (R- Hanover), Sandra M. Wright[20][21] (R- Bridgewater), and Gregory M. Hanley[19][20] (D- Pembroke). Register of Deeds John R. Buckley, Jr.[22] (D- Brockton), Sheriff Joseph D. McDonald[23] (R- Kingston), County Treasurer Thomas J. O'Brien[24] (D- Kingston), and Clerk of Courts Robert S. Creedon. Jr.[25] (D- Brockton), also serve as elected officials of the county of Plymouth.

County seal[edit]

The seal was adopted by the Plymouth County Commissioners on March 31, 1931 under the authority of the General Laws, Chapter 34, Section 14, and was designed by Frederic T. Bailey of North Scituate who was, at that time and for many years, Chairman of the county commissioners.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[26]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 97,233 29.61%
  Republican 45,832 13.96%
  Unenrolled 183,244 55.80%
  Minor Parties 2,092 0.64%
Total 328,401 100%

Media[edit]

For television, the city is served by the Boston and the Providence media markets; no television stations are located within the county.

Radio stations located in Plymouth County include:

Call sign Frequency City of License [27][28] Licensee [28][29] Format[citation needed]
WATD-FM 0095.9 FM Marshfield Marshfield Broadcasting Co., Inc. Adult Contemporary
WBIM-FM 0091.5 FM Bridgewater Bridgewater State University College Radio, Alternative
WKAF 0097.7 FM Brockton Entercom Boston License, LLC Active Rock
WPLM 1390 AM Plymouth Plymouth Rock Broadcasting Co., Inc. Various
WPLM-FM 0099.1 FM Plymouth Plymouth Rock Broadcasting Co., Inc. Adult contemporary
WRPS 0088.3 FM Rockland Rockland Public Schools High school radio
WSMA 0090.5 FM Scituate Calvary Chapel of Twin Falls, Inc. Religious
WVBF 1530 AM Middleborough Center Steven J. Callahan Talking Information Center
WWTA 0088.5 FM Marion Tabor Academy High school radio
WATD 1460 AM Brockton BTR Boston, Inc. News/talk
WZBR 1410 AM Dedham Kingdom Church Contemporary Christian music

The first radio broadcast in history was made in 1906, from the Brant Rock neighborhood in the town of Marshfield.

The Brockton Enterprise is the only daily newspaper published in the county, although the Quincy Patriot Ledger has extensive coverage of the South Shore of Massachusetts generally and Plymouth County in particular.

There are numerous weekly newspapers published in the county, including:

Many were operated by the Memorial Press Group, based in Plymouth, until the chain was sold to GateHouse Media in 2006. The flagship of the group was the Old Colony Memorial, the oldest continually published weekly newspaper in New England, first published in 1822.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Villages are census division, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ The term shire town is the statutory term for the Massachusetts town having a county court and administration offices, but county seat is the standard term used in general communications by the Massachusetts government. See, for example: Secretary of the Commonwealth: A Listing of Counties and the Cities and Towns Within http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisctlist/ctlistcoun.htm.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US29189&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US29%7C05000US29189&_street=&_county=plymouth+county&_cityTown=plymouth+county&_state=04000US25&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  16. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  17. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  18. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  19. ^ a b http://www.patriotledger.com/news/x1224700625/Hanley-Pallotta-win-Plymouth-County-Commissioner-seat
  20. ^ a b c http://www.plymouthcounty-ma.gov/county-departments-commissioners.htm
  21. ^ http://www.patriotledger.com/answerbook/plymouth/x4795421/Wright-ousts-McMullen-from-Plymouth-County-board
  22. ^ http://plymouthdeeds.org/whos-who.html
  23. ^ http://www.pcsdma.org/Sheriffs_Bio.asp
  24. ^ http://www.pcr-ma.org/
  25. ^ http://www.mass.gov/courts/courtsandjudges/courts/plymouthsupco.html
  26. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  27. ^ FM Query - FM Radio Technical Information - Audio Division (FCC) USA
  28. ^ a b AM Query - AM Radio Technical Information - Audio Division (FCC) USA
  29. ^ FM Query - FM Radio Technical Information - Audio Division (FCC) USA

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°59′N 70°44′W / 41.99°N 70.74°W / 41.99; -70.74