Yakubiyah

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Yakubiyah
اليعقوبية
Յակուբիե

Yacoubiyeh
Village
The village as seen from St. Anna church
The village as seen from St. Anna church
Yakubiyah is located in Syria
Yakubiyah
Yakubiyah
Coordinates: 35°55′20″N 36°18′52″E / 35.922250°N 36.314426°E / 35.922250; 36.314426Coordinates: 35°55′20″N 36°18′52″E / 35.922250°N 36.314426°E / 35.922250; 36.314426
Country  Syria
Governorate Idlib
District Jisr al-Shughur
Subdistrict Al-Janudiyah
Elevation 460 m (1,510 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total 476
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website Official Website

Yakubiyah (Arabic: اليعقوبية‎, Armenian: Յակուբիե; also spelled Yacoubiyah, Yakoubieh, Yacoubeh or Yaqubiyah) is a village in north-west Syria, administratively part of the Jisr ash-Shugur District, subordinate to the Idlib Governorate, located west of Idlib and just southeast of the border with Turkey. It is situated in a well-forested mountain above the Orontes River,[1] with an elevation of 480 meters above sea level. Nearby localities include Qunaya adjacent to the east, Kafr Debbin further to the east, vbbbcbthe nahiyah ("subdistrict") center of al-Janudiyah to the south, al-Malnad to the west and Zarzur to the north.[2]

According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Yakubiyah had a population of 476 in the 2004 census.[3] Its inhabitants are mostly Christians, roughly split into the Armenian Apostolic and Catholic denominations. The surrounding areas are predominantly inhabited by Sunni Muslims.[1] There are two Armenian Apostolic churches in Yacoubiyah: Saint Anna (Armenian: Սբ. Աննա) and Saint Hripsime (Armenian: Սբ. Հռիփսիմե). The last one is built similar to Ejmiatsin’s Saint Hripsime. There is also one Armenian Catholic church.[1]

History[edit]

Yakubiyah, along with the nearby localities of Kesab and Ghenamiyah, were settled by the Armenian community between the 8th and 12th centuries CE.[4]

In 1929, by the efforts of Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) and the Armenian Prelacy, Diocese of Aleppo, an Armenian school was built in the village, where Armenian is being taught alongside Arabic.

Syrian civil war[edit]

During the ongoing Syrian civil war which began in 2011, in late January 2013, Yakubiyah was captured by anti-government rebels. Most of the fighting for the village's capture centered on a Syrian Army post at the village entrance and government troops subsequently withdrew to Jisr al-Shughur. While Yakubiyah's infrastructure was not been significantly damaged and no residents were killed in the clashes, many of its abandoned houses and businesses were looted. Rebels commandeered some of the empty houses of the village, claiming they received permission by its residents. According to local residents, many of Yakubiyah's Armenians have fled the village while most of its Catholics remained.[1]

References[edit]