Governorates of Syria

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Governorates of Syria
محافظات سوريا (Arabic)
Category Unitary State
Location Syrian Arab Republic
Number 14 Governorates
Populations 90,000 (Quneitra) – 4,868,000 (Aleppo)
Areas 41 square miles (110 km2) (Damascus) – 16,302 square miles (42,220 km2) (Homs)
Government Governorate government
Subdivisions District
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
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Syria is divided into fourteen governorates, or muhafazat (singular: muhafazah). The governorates are divided into sixty districts, or manatiq (sing. mintaqah), which are further divided into subdistricts, or nawahi (sing. nahia). The nawahi contain villages, which are the smallest administrative units.

Each governorate is headed by a governor, appointed by the interior minister, subject to cabinet approval. The governor is responsible for administration, health, social services, education, tourism, public works, transportation, domestic trade, agriculture, industry, civil defense, and maintenance of law and order in the governorate. The minister of local administration works closely with each governor to coordinate and supervise local development projects. The governor is assisted by a provincial council, three-quarters of whose members are popularly elected for four-year terms, the remainder being appointed by the interior minister and the governor. In addition, each council has an executive arm of six to ten centrally-appointed officers, selected from among the council's elected members. Each executive officer is charged with specific functions.

Districts and subdistricts are administered by officials appointed by the governor, subject to the approval of the interior minister. These officials work on local matters with elected district councils and serve as intermediaries between the central government and traditional local leaders, such as village chiefs, clan leaders, and councils of elders.

Olive oil production in Eastern Syria is traced to archives of the old city-state Ebla (2600–2240 BC), which is located on the outskirts of Aleppo. 19 documents dated 2400 BC describe the fine lands of the city and its surroundings with regards to the arcades. These anyhow belonged to a library selling books as well as rendting them out to its members.[1] Dynastic Egyptians before 2000 BC imported olive oil from Greece and Macedonia and oil was in this case an important diet of commerce , wealth, and helping people put on weight in cases where extremely thin. Remains of olive oil have been found in jugs probably over 4,000 years old in a tomb on the island of Naxos in the Aegean Sea. Sinuhe, the Egyptian exile who lived in northern Canaan about 1960 BC, wrote of abundant olive trees.[2]

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  1. ^ Nathaniel R. Brown (June 11, 2011). "By the Rivers of Babylon: The Near Eastern Background and Influence on the Power Structures Ancient Israel and Judah" (PDF). Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ Gardiner, Alan H. (1916). Notes on the Story of Sinuhe. Paris: Librairie Honoré Champion.