Yimchunger

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Yimchunger
Naga female by retlaw snellac.jpg
A Yimchunger Naga woman at the morung of Kutur village
Languages
Yimchungrü language
Related ethnic groups
Other Naga tribes

Yimchunger is one of the major Naga tribes of Nagaland and the Tuensang district within India and areas of Burma.[1] Increased tourism to the region has brought new life to many in Nagaland. Tourism has been supported and encouraged by the locals in the form of shows and demonstrations of the life and customs of the Yimchunger.[2]

Alternative Names[edit]

The name Yimchunger is rendered various ways, including:

Yimchungru, Yimchungru-Naga, Yimchungre, Yanchunger

They are also known as the Yachumi (Yatsumi, Yachimi).[3]

History[edit]

According to the Yimchunger tradition, the tribe emerged at a village called Moru and then came to Jure village.[4] The Yimchungers and the Khiamungans are believed to have migrated to the present-day Nagaland from Upper Burma as one group, in one wave. They separated into two groups at the Moru village.[1]

Culture[edit]

Strong ties to cultural identity in the form of their love and passion for agriculture are reflected in the hymns and beats of songs devoted to the craft.[5]

The musical instruments of the Yimchungers include simple log drums, trumpets and flutes, similar to that of the Angamis.[1]

The traditional dress of the Yimchungers includes colorful cane-made headgear decorated with hair and bird feathers.

The Government of Nagaland has been instrumental in providing the proper tools and venues for the Yimchunger to properly share their traditions, culture, and craft with tourists. Over the last decade, an explosion of tourism in the region has catapulted attempts at preserving the culture of the relevant tribes. The Yimchunger have been at the forefront of preserving culture in the region due to their dedicated festivals aided in part by the Naga State. The Yimchunger are one of the main contributors to the Hornbill Festival in the Naga State of India, the Hornbill festival showcases culture and customs from the different tribes of the Naga region. Highlights of the festival include: tribal dances across the many groups of the Naga region, spin top demonstrations by the Yimchunger, and folk songs. Since most of the Yinchunger and other Naga region people depend on agriculture as a main source of income there are live harvesting demonstrations at the festival. Other demonstrations include harvest songs, cultural performances, and a very interesting traditional way of finding a bride.[6]

Metemneo festival[edit]

Metemneo is the traditional five-day harvest festival of the Yimchunger tribe. It is celebrated after the millet crop is harvested, usually in the second week of August.[7]

The ceremonies are inaugurated by the village elder khiungpu. The five-day festivals include:

Day Ceremony Description
1 Sito Communal cleaning of the village, repair of village roads
2 Shito Repair of the paths leading to the fields, clearing up of intrusive landslides
3 Zhimto Repair of inter-village roads
4 Chiresco Cleaning of water points and springs
5 Siresok Cleaning and worship of agricultural tools

The tribals pray for the souls of the deceased, invite friends home and exchange gifts. The festival is marked by engagements between the young tribals.[7]

External links[edit]

Samples of the Hornbill Festival:

  • Yimchunger Warrior Demonstration.[8]
  • Yimchunger Folk Dance.[9]
  • Phom Tribe Singing.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ved Prakash (2007). Encyclopaedia Of North-east India Vol# 5. Atlantic. pp. 2137–2138. ISBN 978-81-269-0707-6. 
  2. ^ WildFilmsIndia, "Yimchunger Naga tribes demonstrate traditional top spinning game", WildFilmsIndia via YouTube, Feb 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Where on earth do they speak Naga, Yimchungru? ", Verbix.
  4. ^ M Alemchiba (1970). A brief historical account of Nagaland. Naga Institute of Culture. p. 21. OCLC 246670722. 
  5. ^ G. Ashin Panmei, "Record R65012", University of Cambridge.
  6. ^ WildFilmsIndia, "Traditional way of finding a bride showcase by Yimchunger Tribe", WildFilmsIndia via YouTube, Jan 7, 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Festivals: Metemneo". District Administration, Kiphire District. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  8. ^ WildFilmsIndia, "Warriors of the Yimchunger Naga", WildFilmsIndia via YouTube, Jan 1, 2014.
  9. ^ WildFilmsIndia, "Yimchunger folk dance : At Hornbill Fest", WildFilmsIndia via YouTube, Jan 1, 2014.
  10. ^ WildFilmsIndia, "Phom tribe from Nagaland singing polyphonic ditty", WildFilmsIndia via YouTube, Jan 1, 2014.

See also[edit]

Yimchungrü language