|6,000 (1994 – no date)|
Lyngam is an Austroasiatic language of Northeast India. Once listed as a dialect of Khasi, Lyngam has in recent literature been classified as a distinct language which shares a common heritage with both garo and Standard Khasi, Their style of cooking and dressed are similar to garo.
The following table lists the consonants attested in Lyngam.
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal /m/ /n/ /ɲ/ /ŋ/ Stop voiceless /p/ /t/ /c/ /k/ /ʔ/ aspirated /pʰ/ /tʰ/ /cʰ/ /kʰ/ voiced /b/ /d/ /ɟ/ /ɡ/ Voiceless fricative /s/ /h/ Liquid /l, r/ Glide /w/ /j/
The main difference with the Khasi language is that Lyngngam does not possess the voiced aspirated series. Furthermore, Lyngngam does not have the phoneme /ç/. Words which have /ç/ in Khasi typically have /c/ or /s/ in Lyngngam, as in the following pairs of cognates:
Lyngngam Khasi meaning cʔeŋ çʔeŋ bone cɨppʰeu çipʰeu 10 sɲjək çɲiuʔ hair snaːr çnjaʔ chisel
The following table lists the vowel inventory of the language. The only vowels showing a length distinction are /i/ and /a/, in contradistinction to Khasi, where length is distinctive for all vowels.
Words with diphthongs in Khasi have monophthongs in Lyngam, as in the following pairs of cognates:
Lyngam Khasi meaning bni bnaːi month ksu ksəu dog mot miet night
- Nagaraja, K.S. (1996). "The status of Lyngngam" (PDF). Mon–Khmer Studies 26: 37–50. Retrieved 9 March 2014.