Ziziphus lotus

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Ziziphus lotus
Ziziphus lotus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Genus: Ziziphus
Species: Z. lotus
Binomial name
Ziziphus lotus
(L.) Lam.

Ziziphus lotus (jujube) is a deciduous shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, including the Sahara in Morocco. The name of the plant in Cyprus is palloura (greek:παλλούρα) or konnarka (greek:κονναρκά) and it is described on page 47-48, volume 11 of Μεγάλη Κυπριακή Εγκυκλοπαίδεια (1990).


Ziziphus lotus can reach a height of 2–5 metres (6.6–16.4 ft), with shiny green leaves about 5 cm long. The edible fruit is a globose dark yellow drupe 1–1.5 cm diameter called a nabk. Common names in Arabic are sidr, rubeida ("after its crouch-shaped treetop"), nbeg in Tunisia and annab in Lebanon.[1]

It is closely related to Ziziphus jujuba (jujube), and is often regarded as the lotus tree of Greek mythology.[2]

Historical References[edit]

Ziziphus lotus is thought to be referenced in the Odyssey, consumed by the Lotus-Eaters as a narcotic to induce peaceful apathy.

It is associated with the Lote-trees (Sidr) which are mentioned in the Quran.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Amots Dafni, Shay Levy, Efraim Lev (2005). "The ethnobotany of Christ's Thorn Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi) in Israel". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 1 (8): 8. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-1-8. PMC 1277088. PMID 16270941. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  2. ^ Herodotus, Histories, Book IV, 177.
  3. ^ Abdullah, Yusuf Ali (1946) The Holy Qur-an. Text, Translation and Commentary, Qatar National Printing Press.p.1139,n.3814

External links[edit]