|Founder||Alberto "Beto" Perez|
Zumba is a dance fitness program created by Colombian dancer and choreographer Alberto "Beto" Perez during the 1990s. Zumba is a trademark owned by Zumba Fitness, LLC. The Brazilian pop singer Claudia Leitte has become the international ambassador to Zumba Fitness.
Zumba involves dance and aerobic movements performed to energetic music. The choreography incorporates hip-hop, soca, samba, salsa, merengue and mambo. Squats and lunges are also included. Zumba Fitness, the owner of the Zumba program, does not charge licensing fees to gyms or fitness centers. Approximately 15 million people take weekly Zumba classes in over 200,000 locations across 180 countries.
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In the mid 1990s, Alberto forgot his tape of aerobics music for a class he was teaching. He went to his car, listened to music – consisting of non-traditional salsa and merengue music – and improvised a class using this non-traditional aerobics music. After finding initial success in Phadke Road, he moved to the United States in 2001, where he teamed up with cofounder Alberto Perlman and a childhood friend, COO Alberto Aghion. The trio produced a demo reel, and the concept was discovered and licensed by a company called Fitness Quest to create a direct marketing campaign and a line of home videos.
The name "Zumba" has no particular meaning, it was chosen arbitrarily as a brand name.
Zumba classes are typically about an hour long and are taught by instructors licensed by Zumba Fitness, LLC. The exercises include music with fast and slow rhythms, as well as resistance training. The music comes from the following dance styles: cumbia, salsa, merengue, mambo, flamenco, chachacha, reggaeton, soca, samba, hip hop music, axé music and tango. There are nine different types of classes for different levels of age and exertion. Zumba Gold is a program designed for the needs of the elderly. Zumba Step is a lower-body workout that incorporates Zumba routines and step aerobics with Latin dance rhythms. Rumba Toning is for the people who do their workouts with toning sticks. Zumba Toning will target the abs, thighs, arms, and other muscles throughout the body. Zumba Toning provides participants with a cardio workout and strength training. Aqua Zumba classes are held in a swimming pool. The instructor leads the class poolside while participants follow in shallow water. Moves have been specially adapted to combine the same dance movements used in a Zumba Fitness class with those used in aqua fitness classes . Zumba In The Circuit combines dance with circuit training. These classes usually last 30 minutes and feature strength exercises on various stations in timed intervals. Zumba  Kids and Zumba Kids Jr. classes are designed for children between the ages of 4 and 12. Zumba Gold-Toning is a toning class for older participants with goals of improving one's muscle strength, posture, mobility, and coordination. Zumba Sentao is a chair workout that focuses on using body weight to strengthen and tone the body. Zumba instructors have the option to become ZIN™ Members (Zumba Instructor Network members) to receive bimonthly training DVDs to assist with the creation of music and choreography for their personal Zumba classes.
Because Zumba offers different options, proponents of the Zumba program claim that it is safe for all ages, meaning that anyone from age 0 to 100 can participate in this form of aerobic exercise. At least some of the classes are specifically aimed at elderly people, to help them build strength, improve motion and posture, and socialize.
Zumba sold DVDs via infomercials in 2002. In 2005, the Zumba Academy was launched to license instructors for teaching Zumba classes. In 2007 the company launched a clothing line called Zumba wear. In July 2012, it released the compilation album Zumba Fitness Dance Party. More than 10 million DVDs have been sold.
As of 2012, official apparel sales amounted to $10 million per year.
Most recently, Zumba Fitness: World Party was released on November 5, 2013. That game features the new World Tour mode that unlocks songs from seven global destinations as you progress, exposing you to authentic customs, local rhythms and native dance styles.
- Zumba Fitness (video game) (2010)
- Zumba Fitness 2/Zumba Fitness Rush (2011)/(2012)
- Zumba Fitness Core (2012)
- Zumba Fitness: World Party (2013)
- Zumba Kids (2013)
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- Fitness Guinea Pig: Zumba, Brides Magazine
- Zumba Shakes the Monotony Out of Ordinary Aerobics Classes, The Washington Post, 31 July 2008
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- "Zumba Fitness Trademark Usage & Zumba Logo Guide - Zumba.com".
- Carrie Stevens. "Why You Should Give In to the Zumba Craze". Fitbie. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
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- "Zumba Fitness". Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- "Zumba Fitness - About". Retrieved 18 February 2013.
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- Lindsey Getz. "Zumba Gold Program Attracts Elders". AgingWell. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "The secret to fitness craze Zumba's success?". The Independent. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- Elaine Blaisdell (24 January 2011). "'Exercise in disguise,' Zumba really catching on". Cumberland Times-News. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- http://www.GreedyGirlsGuide.com, "5 Websites to Get Zumba Gear", Zumba Information, 2013-25-11
- Cindy Vanegas (11 April 2011). "Zumba Movement Catches On, Now Comes the Hard Part". Fox Business. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- Philby, Charlotte (8 September 2012). "Zumba: You get fit, they get rich". Independent.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015.
- Soham Chatterjee (13 September 2011). "UPDATE 2-Zumba Fitness, new game launches boost Majesco outlook". Reuters. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- "Zumba Fitness Rush by Majesco". GameStop. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "Zumba Fitness Core by Majesco". GameStop. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "Zumba Fitness World Party by Majesco". Majesco Entertainment Company. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Zumba Kids by Majesco". Majesco Entertainment Company. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Media related to Zumba at Wikimedia Commons