1823 in literature
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In poetry: 1820 1821 1822 -1823- 1824 1825 1826
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The year 1823 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- February 7 - The Bannatyne Club is inaugurated by Sir Walter Scott and others as a text publication society to print by subscription rare texts relating to the history, literature and traditions of Scotland.
- October - Thomas De Quincey's classic essay On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth appears in this month's issue of The London Magazine.
- December - Samuel Taylor Coleridge, suffering from opium addiction, takes up residence at No. 3, The Grove, Highgate, a house owned by Dr James Gillman.
- December 23 - Clement Clarke Moore's poem, A Visit from St. Nicholas is published anonymously in the Troy, New York, Sentinel, and introduces the character named "Santa Claus".
- date unknown
- The discovery of the First Quarto edition of 1603 of William Shakespeare's Hamlet (a so-called "bad quarto"), by Sir Henry Bunbury, causes great excitement within the scholarly community.
- Publication in London by C. Baldwyn of German Popular Stories. Translated from the Kinder und Haus Märchen collected by MM. Grimm from Oral Tradition, the first English translation of Grimms' Fairy Tales. The anonymous translations were made by two lawyers, Edgar Taylor and David Jardine, and illustrations provided by George Cruikshank, who is beginning to focus on this medium.
- James Fenimore Cooper - The Pioneers
- Claire de Duras - Ourika
- John Galt - The Entail
- Thomas Gaspey - Monks of Leadenhead
- Sarah Green - The Nieces
- Jane Harvey - Mountalyth
- William Hazlitt - Liber Amoris
- Grace Kennedy - Father Clement
- Caroline Lamb - Ada Reis
- Mary Meeke - What Shall Be, Shall Be
- John Neal - Logan
- James Kirke Paulding - Koningsmarke, the Long Finne
- Quintin Poyney - The Wizard Priest and the Witch
- Sir Walter Scott (anonymously)
- Mary Shelley - Valperga
- John Wilson - The Trials of Margaret Lyndsay
- Aleksander Griboyedov - Woe from Wit (written)
- Mary Russell Mitford - Julian: a tragedy
- Eugène Scribe
- Le Menteur Veridique
- The Heiress (L'Héritière) for the Théâtre du Gymnase
- Franz Grillparzer - König Ottokars Glück und Ende ("The Fortune and Fall of King Ottokar", published)
- Thomas Campbell - The Last Man
- Alphonse de Lamartine - Nouvelles méditations poétiques
- Adam Mickiewicz - Grażyna
- Percy Bysshe Shelley - Posthumous Poems
- Alexandre Bertrand - Traité du somnambulisme
- Lorenzo Da Ponte - Memorie
- Emmanuel, comte de Las Cases - Le Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène
- John Franklin - Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea
- Mrs Markham (Elizabeth Penrose) - A History of England from the First Invasion by the Romans to the End of the Reign of George III (for children)
- Ethan Smith - View of the Hebrews
- Louis Thiers - Histoire de la Révolution française
- January 1 – Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (died 1849)
- February 27 – Ernest Renan, French philosopher and writer (died 1892)
- March 20 – Ned Buntline (E. Z. C. Judson), American writer and publisher 1886)
- April 12 – Alexander Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (died 1886)
- August 13 – Goldwin Smith, English historian and journalist (died 1910)
- October 6 – George Henry Boker, American poet, playwright and diplomat (died 1890)
- February 7 – Ann Radcliffe, English novelist (born 1764)
- February 21 – Charles Wolfe, Irish poet (born 1791)
- April 10 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (born 1757)
- May 16 – Ōta Nampo, Japanese comic poet and painter (born 1749)
- August 19 – Robert Bloomfield, English "ploughboy poet" (born 1766)
- August 20 – Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German encyclopedia publisher and editor (born 1772)
- September 11 – David Ricardo, English political economist (born 1772)
- November 9 – Vasily Kapnist, Russian poet and dramatist (born 1758)