1849 in literature
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In poetry: 1846 1847 1848 -1849- 1850 1851 1852
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The year 1849 in literature involved some significant new books.
- March–November - La Tribune des Peuples, a pan-European romantic nationalist periodical, is published by Adam Mickiewicz.
- April 22 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky and fellow members of the literary Petrashevsky Circle are arrested for their progressive views. Sentenced to death on November 16 and facing a firing squad on December 23 he and some others are reprieved at the last moment and exiled to the katorga prison camps in Siberia.
- May 1 - Charles Dickens's novel David Copperfield begins serial publication.
- May 10 - The Astor Place Riot takes place in Manhattan over a dispute between two Shakespearean actors, the American Edwin Forrest and the Englishman William Macready. Over 20 people are killed.
- May 28 - Anne Brontë dies of tuberculosis at Scarborough, aged 29.
- October 3 - Edgar Allan Poe is found on the streets of Baltimore delirious, "in great distress, and... in need of immediate assistance".
- October–December - Thomas De Quincey's essay The English Mail-Coach appears in issues of Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine.
- November - The English scholarly correspondence magazine Notes and Queries is first published.
- November 14 - A public festival is held in Denmark to celebrate the 70th birthday of Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger.
- Leipzig publisher B. G. Teubner begins publishing the Bibliotheca Teubneriana series of editions of the Classics.
- Who's Who is published for the first time in the United Kingdom.
- Honoré de Balzac travels to Poland to meet Eveline Hanska, whom he will marry shortly before his death next year.
- Philip Massinger's play Believe as You List receives its first publication, 218 years after its theatrical première.
- William Harrison Ainsworth - The Lancashire Witches
- Charlotte Brontë (as Currer Bell) - Shirley
- François-René de Chateaubriand - Memoirs from Beyond the Grave
- Charles Dickens - David Copperfield (begins serialization)
- Fyodor Dostoevsky - Netochka Nezvanova
- Alexandre Dumas, père - The Queen's Necklace
- Paul Féval - Les Belles-de-nuit ou Les Anges de la famille
- J. A. Froude - The Nemesis of Faith
- Catherine Gore - The Diamond and the Pearl
- Charles Kingsley - Alton Locke
- Herman Melville
- Mayne Reid - The Rifle Rangers
- G. W. M. Reynolds - The Bronze Statue
- George Sand - La Petite Fadette ("Little Fadette")
- Theodor Storm - Immensee
- C. Waters - Recollections of a Detective Police Officer
- Christian Friedrich Hebbel - Der Rubin
- Gaspar Núñez de Arce - Amor y Orgullo
- Eugène Scribe and Ernest Legouvé - Adrienne Lecouvreur
- Matthew Arnold - The Strayed Reveller
- Petrus Augustus de Genestet - De Sint-Nicolaasavond ("Saint Nicholas's Eve")
- Elias Lönnrot, comp. - Kalevala (new version)
- Edgar Allan Poe - Annabel Lee, Eldorado, The Bells
- John Mitchell Kemble - History of the Saxons in England
- Søren Kierkegaard (as Anti-Climacus) - The Sickness Unto Death (Sygdommen til Døden)
- Francis Parkman - The Oregon Trail
- John Ruskin - The Seven Lamps of Architecture
- Henry David Thoreau - Resistance to Civil Government
- George Ticknor - A History of Spanish Literature
- January 22 – August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist (died 1912)
- February 18 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian novelist (died 1906)
- February 27 – Václav Beneš Třebízský, Czech novelist (died 1884)
- June 9 – Karl Tanera, German military writer and novelist (died 1904)
- July 22 – Emma Lazarus, American poet (died 1887)
- August 8 – Hume Nisbet, Scottish-born thriller writer and artist (died 1923)
- August 23 – W. E. Henley, English poet (died 1903)
- August 30 – J. M. Dent, English publisher (died 1926)
- September 3 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (died 1909)
- October 7 – James Whitcomb Riley, American writer and poet (died 1916)
- November 24 – Frances Hodgson Burnett, English children's writer and playwright (died 1924)
- January 6 – Hartley Coleridge, English poet and critic, (alcohol-related, born 1796)
- February 8 – France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (liver disease, born 1800)
- February 19 – Bernard Barton, English Quaker poet (born 1784)
- May 22 – Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (born 1768)
- May 28 – Anne Brontë, English novelist and poet (tuberculosis, born 1820)
- July 7 – Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet (infection from bayonet wound, born 1827)
- July 25 – James Kenney, English dramatist (born 1780)
- July 27 – Charlotte von Ahlefeld, German novelist (born 1781)
- July 31 – Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (born 1823)
- August 25 – Adele Schopenhauer, German novelist and paper-cut artist (born 1797)
- October 7 – Edgar Allan Poe, American poet, short story writer, and critic, 40 (alcohol-related, born 1809)
- According to the man who found him, Joseph W. Walker. Quinn, Arthur Hobson (1998). Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 638. ISBN 978-0-8018-5730-0. (Originally published in 1941 by New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.)
- Paul, Herbert (1906). The Life of Froude. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 47–48.
- Willey, Basil (1956). "J. A. Froude". More Nineteenth Century Studies: a Group of Honest Doubters. London: Chatto & Windus. p. 131.
- Ashton, Rosemary (1989). "Doubting Clerics: From James Anthony Froude to Robert Elsmere via George Eliot". In Jasper & Wright. The Critical Spirit and the Will to Believe. New York: St. Martins. p. 76.
- Derwent Coleridge, memoir, 1851