1819 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1809 . 1810 . 1811 . 1812 . 1813 . 1814 . 1815 ...
1816 1817 1818 -1819- 1820 1821 1822
... 1823 . 1824 . 1825 . 1826 . 1827 . 1828 . 1829 ...
In poetry: 1816 1817 1818 -1819- 1820 1821 1822
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The year 1819 in literature involved some significant events.
- April - John Keats begins his "Great Year" or "Living Year", during which he is at his most productive, having given up work at Guy's Hospital and taken up residence at a new house, Wentworth Place, on Hampstead Heath on the edge of London. On April 3, Charles Wentworth Dilke lets his house, next door to Keats, to Mrs Brawne, whose daughter Fanny would become the love of Keats' life. Between April 21 and the end of May Keats writes La Belle Dame sans Merci and most of his major odes: Ode to Psyche, Ode on a Grecian Urn, Ode to a Nightingale, Ode on Indolence and Ode on Melancholy. In the summer he writes Lamia; on September 19 he writes his ode To Autumn at Winchester; and on October 19 proposes marriage to Fanny Brawne.
- April 1 - In London The New Monthly Magazine publishes John Polidori's Gothic fiction The Vampyre, the first significant piece of prose vampire literature in English, attributing it to Lord Byron (who partly inspired it). It is first published in book form later in the year.
- June 23 - Washington Irving begins publishing The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. in seven installments — the first of which includes "Rip Van Winkle" and the last of which includes "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" — simultaneously in the United States and the United Kingdom.
- August 16 - The Peterloo Massacre takes place in England, inspiring Percy Bysshe Shelley, in Italy, who, like Keats, has one of his most productive years. After hearing the news on September 5 he writes The Masque of Anarchy and sends it to a newspaper (although it is not published until 1832, after his death), also writing the political sonnet England in 1819 (published 1839), Ode to the West Wind (published 1820), The Cenci: A Tragedy, in Five Acts (printed in Italy, but not first performed publicly until 1922) and Julian and Maddalo (published in his Posthumous Poems of 1824) and beginning his prose work A Philosophical View of Reform.
- October - In Britain, Richard Carlile is convicted of blasphemy and sent to prison for publishing The Age of Reason by Thomas Paine.
- Joseph Perl's epistolatory novel Megalleh Temirim ("Revealer of Secrets"), written under the name "Obadiah ben Pethahiah" and published in Vienna, is the first novel in the Hebrew language.
- The publisher Collins is founded as a printer of religious literature in Glasgow by William Collins.
- Edward Ball - The Black Robber
- Ann Hatton - The Oath of Vengeance
- Washington Irving - The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.
- E. T. A. Hoffmann - Das Fräulein von Scuderi: Erzählung aus dem Zeitalter Ludwig des Vierzehnten (novella published in Taschenbuch für das Jahr 1820)
- Joseph Perl - Megalleh Temirim
- John William Polidori - The Vampyre
- Walter Scott (anonymously)
- József Katona - Bánk bán
- Alessandro Manzoni - Il Conte di Carmagnola
- Percy Bysshe Shelley - The Cenci, a Tragedy, in Five Acts
- Lord Byron - Mazeppa, containing "Fragment of a Novel" as a supplement
- Thomas Campbell - Specimens of the British Poets
- Barry Cornwall - Dramatic Scenes and other Poems
- John Keats
- Percy Bysshe Shelley
- Jakob Grimm - German Grammar
- Georg Hermes - Philosophical Introduction to Christian Theology
- Richard Colt Hoare - A Classical Tour through Italy and Sicily
- Arthur Schopenhauer - The World as Will and Representation
- Percy Bysshe Shelley - A Philosophical View of Reform (published in 1920)
- January 1 - Arthur Hugh Clough, poet (died 1861)
- January 22 - Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle, Italian writer and art critic (died 1897)
- February 22 - James Russell Lowell, poet (died 1891)
- May 31 - Walt Whitman, poet (died 1892)
- August 1 - Herman Melville, novelist (died 1891)
- November 22 - George Eliot, novelist (died 1880)
- December 26 - E. D. E. N. Southworth, writer (died 1899)
- December 30 - Theodor Fontane, German novelist (died 1898)
- date unknown - Butrus al-Bustani, Lebanese writer (died 1883)
- January 12
- February 12 - Joan Ramis, Spanish historian (born 1746)
- March 23 - August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (born 1761)
- April 17 - William Holland, English diarist (born 1746)
- November 2 - Théodore-Pierre Bertin, French writer and pioneer of shorthand (born 1751)
- November 23 - Quintin Craufurd, Scottish-born historian (born 1743)
- Chancellor's Gold Medal for Poetry - Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay
- Newdigate Prize - H. J. Urquhart