1900 International Lawn Tennis Challenge

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The 1900 International Lawn Tennis Challenge was the first edition of what is now known as the Davis Cup.

History[edit]

The tournament was conceived in 1899[1] by four members of the Harvard University tennis team who came up with the idea of challenging the British to a tennis competition. Once the idea received the go-ahead from the United States Lawn Tennis Association and the British Lawn Tennis Association, Dwight F. Davis,[2] one of the four Harvard players,[3] designed a tournament format and spent money from his own pocket to purchase an appropriate sterling silver trophy from Shreve, Crump & Low. The first match between the United States and the British Isles was held at the Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900. The American team, of which Davis was a part, won the first three matches and the Challenge.[3]

Teams[edit]

United States[edit]

  • Dwight Davis: A left-hander who possessed the twist serve, backing this up with steady ground strokes and volleys. In 1899 Davis won the Intercollegiate and US National Doubles Championships with Ward.[4]
  • Holcombe Ward: A right-hander and credited with originating the twist serve. He won the Intercollegiate and US National Doubles Championships with Davis in 1899.[5]
  • Malcolm Whitman: A right-hander who appeared in the quarterfinals of the 1896 and 1897 US National Championships and won in 1898, defeating Dwight F. Davis in the all-comers final and receiving the title because 1897 champion Robert Wrenn was fighting in the Spanish-American War. Prior to the Challenge he had placed in the U.S. Top 10 three times, and was ranked No. 1 in 1898 and 1899.[5]

British Isles[edit]

  • Arthur Gore: A right-hander who appeared in the semifinals of the 1898 Wimbledon Championships, the Challenge Round of the 1899 Championships – losing to Reginald Doherty – and the all-comers final of the 1900 Championships, losing to Sydney Smith.[6]
  • Herbert Roper Barrett: A right-hander who appeared in the semifinals of the 1899 Wimbledon Championships and the quarterfinals of the 1900 Championships.[6] He also teamed with Harold Nisbet to reach the Challenge Round in the doubles at the latter Championships, losing to Laurence and Reginald Doherty.[7]

Result[edit]


United States
3
Longwood Cricket Club, Boston, Massachusetts, United States[8]
8–10 August 1900[1][2][3]
Grass

British Isles
0
1 2 3 4 5
1 United States
United Kingdom
Dwight Davis
Ernest Black
4
6
6
2
6
4
6
4
   [8]
2 United States
United Kingdom
Malcolm Whitman
Arthur Gore
6
1
6
3
6
2
     [8]
3 United States
United Kingdom
Dwight Davis / Holcombe Ward
Ernest Black / Herbert Roper Barrett
6
4
6
4
6
4
     [8]
4 United States
United Kingdom
Dwight Davis
Arthur Gore
9
7
9
9
      not
completed
[8]
5 United States
United Kingdom
Malcolm Whitman
Ernest Black
          not
played
[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Davis Cup History". Davis Cup. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b Newman, Paul (2009-03-09). "The Ten Best Davis Cup Moments". The Independent. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  3. ^ a b c "Davis Cup competition established". History. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  4. ^ Trengove, Alan (1985). The Story of the Davis Cup. Century Hutchinson Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-09-159860-5. 
  5. ^ a b Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Chapter Press. p. 640. ISBN 978-0-942257-41-0. 
  6. ^ a b Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Chapter Press. p. 408. ISBN 978-0-942257-41-0. 
  7. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Chapter Press. p. 427. ISBN 978-0-942257-41-0. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Davis Cup - Tie details - 1900 - USA v British Isles". ITF. Retrieved 2011-04-22.