Laurence Doherty

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Laurence Doherty
Hugh Lawrence Doherty.jpg
Full name Hugh Laurence Doherty
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Born (1875-10-08)8 October 1875
Wimbledon, England
Died 21 August 1919(1919-08-21) (aged 43)
Broadstairs, England
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Retired 1906
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HOF 1980 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1898, Karoly Mazak)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Wimbledon W (1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906)
US Open W (1903)
Other tournaments
Olympic Games Gold medal.svg Gold Medal (1900)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1905)
US Open W (1902, 1903)
Other Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Gold medal.svg Gold Medal (1900)
Other Mixed Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Bronze medal.svg Bronze Medal (1900)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1903, 1904, 1905, 1906)
Olympic medal record
Men's tennis
Competitor for  Great Britain
Olympic Games
Gold 1900 Paris Singles
Gold 1900 Paris Doubles
Competitor for a Olympic flag.svg Mixed team
Bronze 1900 Paris Mixed doubles
Laurence Doherty

Hugh Laurence "Laurie" Doherty (8 October 1875 – 21 August 1919) was a former World No. 1 English tennis player and younger brother of Reggie Doherty. He was a six-time slam champion and a double Olympic Gold medalist at the 1900 Summer Olympics in singles and doubles (also winning a Bronze in mixed doubles).[2]

Early life[edit]

Laurence Doherty (right) with his brother Reginald.

Doherty was born on 8 October 1875 at Beulah Villa in Wimbledon, London, the middle son of William Doherty, a printer, and his wife, Catherine Ann Davis. Doherty was the shorter of the two brothers, at 1.78m, who played championship tennis in their native England and at Wimbledon at the turn of the century. [3]

Like his brother he was educated at Westminster School from 1890 to 1894 followed by Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he played for the Cambridge University Lawn Tennis Club.[4]

Career[edit]

Known as "Little Do",[5] Doherty won Wimbledon five consecutive times in singles and eight times in doubles with his brother. In 1903, he became the first tennis player to win a Grand Slam tournament outside of his native country by beating defending champion William Larned at the US Championships 6–0, 6–3, 10–8. He won the singles title at the British Covered Court Championships, played at the Queen's Club in London, six consecutive times between 1901 and 1906.[6] Additionally he won The South of France Championships (Nice) singles title seven times in a row (1900–1906). He gave up tennis for golf in 1906 and distinguished himself in that sport as well.[7]

In World War I, Doherty served in the Anti-Aircraft branch of the Royal Navy Reserves but was released due to ill health.[8]

The brothers were reportedly urged to play tennis by their father, for health reasons.[5] The brothers apparently had respiratory problems.[7]

The brothers co-wrote R.F. and H.L. Doherty on Lawn Tennis (1903).

Doherty died 21 August 1919 in Broadstairs, Kent. He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980 together with his brother.[9]

Grand Slam record[edit]

  • Wimbledon
    • Singles champion: 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906
    • Singles runner-up: 1898
    • Men's Doubles champion: 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1905
    • Men's Doubles runner-up: 1902, 1906
  • US Championships
    • Singles champion: 1903
    • Men's Doubles champion: 1902, 1903
    • Men's Doubles runner-up: 1902, 1906

Grand Slam record[edit]

Singles[edit]

Titles (6)[edit]

Year Championship Opponent Score
1902 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Arthur Gore 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–0
1903 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Frank Riseley 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
1903 US National Championships United States Bill Larned 6–0, 6–3, 10–8
1904 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Frank Riseley 6–1, 7–5, 8–6
1905 Wimbledon Championships New Zealand Norman Brookes 8–6, 6–2, 6–4
1906 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Frank Riseley 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 6–3

Doubles[edit]

Titles (10)[edit]

Year Championship Partner Opponents Score
1897 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Wilfred Baddeley
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Herbert Baddeley
6–4, 4–6, 8–6, 6–4
1898 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Harold Nisbet
United States Clarence Hobart
6–4, 6–4, 6–2
1899 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Harold Nisbet
United States Clarence Hobart
7–5, 6–0, 6–2
1900 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Herbert Roper Barrett
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Harold Nisbet
9–7, 7–5, 4–6, 3–6, 6–3
1901 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United States Dwight F. Davis
United States Holcombe Ward
4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 9–7
1902 US Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United States Holcombe Ward
United States Dwight F. Davis
11–9, 12–10, 6–4
1903 US Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United States Kreigh Collins
United States L. Harry Waidner
7–5, 6–3, 6–3
1903 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Sidney Smith
United Kingdom Frank Riseley
6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1904 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Sidney Smith
United Kingdom Frank Riseley
6–1, 6–2, 6–4
1905 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Sidney Smith
United Kingdom Frank Riseley
6–2, 6–4, 6–8, 6–3

Runners-up (2)[edit]

Year Championship Partner Opponents Score
1902 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Sidney Smith
United Kingdom Frank Riseley
6–4, 6–8, 3–6, 6–4, 9–11
1906 Wimbledon Championships United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Reginald Doherty United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Sidney Smith
United Kingdom Frank Riseley
6–8, 6–4, 5–7, 6–3, 6–3

Singles titles[edit]

No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in final Score
1. 1897 Suffolk Championship, New Zealand Grass United Kingdom Charles Henry Ridding 6–3, 8–6, 4–6, 6–1
2. 18 July 1897 Queen's Club Championships, London, England[10] Grass United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
3. March 1898 South of France Championships Clay United Kingdom J.R. Hay Gordon 6–1, 6–2, 6–1
4. March 1898 Monte Carlo Clay Germany Count Voss 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 4–0 ret.
5. 18 June 1898 Northern Lawn Tennis Association Tournament, Liverpool[11] Grass United Kingdom Wilfred Baddeley walkover
6. 11 July 1898 Queen's Club Championships, London, England[12] Grass United Kingdom Harold Mahoney 6–3, 6–4, 9–7
7. August 1898 Scottish Championships[13] Grass United Kingdom Reginald Doherty walkover
8. March 1899 South of France Championships, Nice Clay Germany Count Voss 6–0, 6–0, 6–0
9. March 1900 South of France Championships, Nice Clay United Kingdom Reginald Doherty walkover
10. 11 July 1900 Olympic Games, Paris Clay United Kingdom Harold Mahoney 6–4, 6–2, 6–3
11. 26 August 1900 Homburg, Germany Clay United Kingdom George Hillyard 7–5, 6–2, 3–6, 4–6, 6–2
12. September 1900 Dinard, France Clay United Kingdom Harold Mahoney 4–6, 6–1, 8–6, 7–5
13. 16 September 1900 South of England Championships Grass United Kingdom Sidney Smith 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–1
14. March 1901 Cannes, France Clay United Kingdom George Hillyard 6–3, 6–3, ret.
15. 17 March 1901 Monte Carlo Clay United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves 6–2, 5–7, 6–1
16. 24 March 1901 South of France Championships, Nice Clay United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
17. 27 April 1901 British Covered Courts Championships[14] Wood United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–3, 6–1, 6–1
18. June 1901 Kent Championships, Beckenham, England[15] Grass United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–1, 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
19. August 1901 Buxton Championships Grass United Kingdom George Hillyard 6–4, 7–5, 3–6, 6–2
20. August 1901 North of England Championships, Scarborough Grass United Kingdom Ernest Black 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
21. March 1902 South of France Championships, Nice Clay United Kingdom Reginald Doherty walkover
22. April 1902 British Covered Court Championships, Queens, London Wood United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–4, 6–3, 5–7, 6–3
23. May – June 1902 Irish Championships, Dublin Grass United Kingdom Reginald Doherty walkover
24. 15 June 1902 Kent Championships, Beckenham, England[15] Grass France George Simond 6–4, 6–0, 6–3
25. June 1902 Wimbledon Championships[16] Grass United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–0
26. October 1902 European Championships, Queen's Club, London[17] Wood United Kingdom Harold Mahony 4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 6–1
27. 15 March 1903 South of France Championships, Nice Clay United Kingdom Sidney Smith 5–7, 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
28. 26 April 1903 British Covered Court Championships, Queens, London Wood United Kingdom George Hillyard 6–1, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
29. 4 July 1903 Kent Championships, Beckenham, England[15] Grass United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–1, 6–2, 6–2
30. June 1903 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Frank Riseley 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
31. 1 August 1903 Nahant, USA[18] Grass United States William Clothier 6–4, 6–0
32. 14 August 1903 Southampton, USA[19][20] Grass United States Bill Larned 6–1, 6–2, 6–1
33. 27 August 1903 US National Championships, Newport, USA[21] Grass United States Bill Larned 6–0, 6–3, 10–8
34. 14 March 1904 South of France Championships, Nice[22] Clay United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–2, 6–3, 6–3
35. 20 March 1904 Cannes Championships, France Clay United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–1, 6–4, 6–1
36. April 1904 British Covered Court Championships, Queens, London Wood United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–2, 8–10, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3
37. 27 June 1904 Wimbledon Championships[23][24] Grass United Kingdom Frank Riseley 6–1, 7–5, 8–6
38. July 1904 Northumberland Championships, England Wood United Kingdom George Ball-Greene 6–4, 6–1
39. March 1905 Monte Carlo[25] Clay United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–4, 8–6, 6–4
40. March 1905 South of France Championships, Nice[26] Clay United Kingdom Edward Allen 6–3, 7–5, 7–5
41. 15 April 1905 British Covered Court Championships, London[27] Wood United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 6–1, 8–6, 6–2
42. July 1905 Wimbledon Championships[28] Grass Australia Norman Brookes 8–6, 6–2, 6–4
43. 28 February 1906 Monte Carlo[29] Clay United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 11–9
44. 18 March 1906 South of France Championships, Nice[30] Clay New Zealand Tony Wilding 6–3, 8–6, 6–2
45. 28 April 1906 British Covered Court Championships, London[31] Wood United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–2, 6–4, 8–6
46. July 1906 Wimbledon Championships[32][33] Grass United Kingdom Frank Riseley 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 6–3
47. August 1908 Yorkshire Championships[34] Grass United Kingdom George Hillyard 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
48. July 1909 Nottinghamshire Championships, Nottingham[35] Grass United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 6–4
49. Augustus 1909 North of England Championships, Scarborough[36] Grass United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
50. August 1910 North of England Championships, Scarborough[37] Grass United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–3, 6–2, 6–2

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis, p. 26.
  2. ^ "Laurence Doherty Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  3. ^ Wray Vamplew. "Doherty, (Hugh) Lawrence [Laurie] (1875–1919), tennis player". Oxford University Press. 
  4. ^ "Doherty, Hugh Lawrence (DHRY896HL)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  5. ^ a b "Famous Tennis Player Dead: R.F. Doherty, Once American Champion, Passes Away in London", The New York Times, 30 December 1910
  6. ^ "English Indoor Tennis". The New York Times. 29 April 1906. 
  7. ^ a b Hugh Laurence Doherty (UK)
  8. ^ H. LAURIE DOHERTY (GREAT BRITAIN)
  9. ^ "Hall of Famers – Laurence Doherty". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  10. ^ McKelvie, Roy (1986). The Queen's Club Story, 1886–1986. London: Stanley Paul. p. 31. ISBN 0091660602. 
  11. ^ "American Tennis Player Loses". The New York Times. 19 June 1898. 
  12. ^ "LAWN TENNIS.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 27 August 1898. p. 12. 
  13. ^ "Lawn Tenuis.". Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 – 1907) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 24 September 1898. p. 48. 
  14. ^ "Doherty Beat Gore at Tennis". The New York Times. 28 April 1901. 
  15. ^ a b c "Kent All-Comers’ Championships" (PDF). Beckenham Tennis Club. 
  16. ^ Huka (23 August 1902). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXIV, Issue 47. p. 6. 
  17. ^ Huka (20 December 1902). "Sport and Pastime". Evening Post, Volume LXIV, Issue 149. p. 7. 
  18. ^ "English tennis Players Win" (PDF). The New York Times. 2 August 1903. 
  19. ^ "Dohertys Won at Tennis" (PDF). The New York Times. 15 August 1903. 
  20. ^ Huka (10 October 1903). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXVI, Issue 88,. p. 15. 
  21. ^ "Doherty's Championship". The New York Times. 28 August 1903. 
  22. ^ "Doherty Won Tennis Championship". The New York Times. 16 March 1903. 
  23. ^ "Doherty Won Tennis Championship". The New York Times. 
  24. ^ "Lawn Tennis". Auckland Star, Volume XXXV, Issue 205. 27 August 1904. p. 12. 
  25. ^ Huka (20 May 1905). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXIX, Issue 118. p. 14. 
  26. ^ Volley (24 May 1905). "Lawn Tennis". Star , Issue 8324. p. 4. 
  27. ^ "Doherty Wins Tennis Championship". The New York Times. 16 April 1905. 
  28. ^ Huka (15 July 1905). "Lawn Tennis – The All-England Championships". Evening Post, Volume LXX, Issue 13. p. 14. 
  29. ^ Huka (30 June 1906). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXI, Issue 154. p. 14. 
  30. ^ Volley (9 May 1906). "Lawn Tennis". Star , Issue 8618. p. 4. 
  31. ^ "English Indoor Tennis". The New York Times. 29 April 1906. 
  32. ^ Huka (14 July 1906). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXII, Issue 12. p. 14. 
  33. ^ "Sport in England". Auckland Star, Volume XXXVII, Issue 197. 18 August 1906. p. 12. 
  34. ^ Huka (10 October 1908). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXVI, Issue 88. p. 14. 
  35. ^ Huka (18 September 1909). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXVIII, Issue 69. p. 14. 
  36. ^ "Lawn Tennis". Star, Issue 9674. 16 October 1909. p. 5. 
  37. ^ Huka (8 October 1910). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXX, Issue 86. p. 14. 

External links[edit]