1994 Asian Games

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XII Asian Games
12th asiad.png
Host city Hiroshima, Japan
Nations participating 42
Athletes participating 6,828
Events 337 in 34 sports
Opening ceremony October 2
Closing ceremony October 16
Officially opened by HIM Emperor Akihito
Torch Lighter Aki Ichijo
Yasunori Uchitomi
Main venue Hiroshima Big Arch

The 1994 Asian Games also known as XII Asiad were held from October 2 to October 16, 1994 in Hiroshima, Japan. The main theme of this edition was to promote peace and harmony among Asian nations. It was emphasized by the host because the venue was the site of the first atomic bomb attack 49 years earlier. Due to the First Gulf War, Iraq was suspended from the games.[1][2]

There were a total number of 6,828 athletes and officials involved, from 42 countries, with a total number of 34 events. Debut sports at this edition of the Asiad were baseball, karate and modern pentathlon.[1]

Mascot[edit]

Official mascots

The official mascot of the XII Asiad is a pair of white doves. Poppo and Cuccu, male and female respectively, represent peace and harmony - the main theme of this edition of the Asian Games.[2]

Participating nations[edit]

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1994.[1]

Sports[edit]

Calendar[edit]

 ●  Opening ceremony     Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
October 1994 1st
Sat
2nd
Sun
3rd
Mon
4th
Tue
5th
Wed
6th
Thu
7th
Fri
8th
Sat
9th
Sun
10th
Mon
11th
Tue
12th
Wed
13th
Thu
14th
Fri
15th
Sat
16th
Sun
Gold
medals
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 1 1 2 4
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 2 4 7 3 10 9 8 43
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 2 5 7
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 1 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 2
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 2 2 2 4 2 12
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 12 12
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 7 6 13
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 1 2 3
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 2 2 3 7
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 2 2 4
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 1 1 1 1 4
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1 2
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 4 4
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Artistic 1 1 2 10 14
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Rhythmic 1 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 1 1 2
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 4 4 4 4 16
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 1 1
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 4 4 3 11
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 2 2
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 12 12
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 7 7
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepaktakraw 1 1
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 4 6 4 2 4 4 6 4 34
Soft tennis pictogram.svg Soft tennis 2 2 4
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 1 1
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 4 5 5 5 6 6 31
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming 2 2
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 1 1 3 2 7
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 4 4 8
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 1 1 5 7
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 1 1 2
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 19
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 5 5 5 5 20
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 1 2 3 6
Total gold medals 14 16 22 28 17 23 41 35 22 17 36 32 24 10 337
Ceremonies
October 1994 1st
Sat
2nd
Sun
3rd
Mon
4th
Tue
5th
Wed
6th
Thu
7th
Fri
8th
Sat
9th
Sun
10th
Mon
11th
Tue
12th
Wed
13th
Thu
14th
Fri
15th
Sat
16th
Sun
Gold
medals


Medal table[edit]

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, Japan, is highlighted.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 126 83 57 266
2  Japan (JPN) 64 75 79 218
3  South Korea (KOR) 63 56 64 183
4  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 27 25 27 79
5  Uzbekistan (UZB) 11 12 19 42
6  Iran (IRI) 9 9 8 26
7  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 7 13 24 44
8  India (IND) 4 3 16 23
9  Malaysia (MAS) 4 2 13 19
10  Qatar (QAT) 4 1 5 10
Total 339 337 403 1079

Doping scandal[edit]

The Chinese had 11 athletes test positive for the banned drugs and anabolic steroids at the 1994 Asian Games.[3] Less than a month before the Asian Games scandal at the 1994 world championships in Rome the Chinese had won 12 of the 16 women's swimming titles, with two of those world champions among those who tested positive at the Asian games.[4][5][6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Past Asian Games – Hiroshima 1994 Asian Games". beijing2008.cn (official website of 2008 Beijing Olympics). November 22, 2006. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "12th Asian Games Hiroshima 1994 - Poppo & CuCCu". GAGOC. gz2010.cn (official website of 2010 Asian Games). April 27, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ "10 Drug Scandals–Chinese swim team". cbc.ca (CBC Sports Online). January 19, 2003. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  4. ^ Parr, Derek (July 13, 2000). "Chinese World Record-Holder Tests Positive for Steroids". swimmingworldmagazine.com (Swimming World Magazine). Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ Wolff, Alexandra (October 16, 1995). "The China Syndrome". sportsillustrated.com (Sports Illustrated). Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  6. ^ "OLYMPICS; Drug Sleuths' Surprise Produces a Breakthrough". The New York Times. 18 December 1994. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Swimming: Two-year ban for Chinese". The Independent. HighBeam Research. 13 December 1994. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "Asian Games". The Washington Post. HighBeam Research. 5 December 1994. Retrieved 10 September 2012.