25 metre rapid fire pistol

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25 metre rapid fire pistol
Men
Number of shots: 2×30 + 40
Olympic Games: Since 1896
World Championships: Since 1933
Abbreviation: RFP

25 metre rapid fire pistol is one of the ISSF shooting events. The event has been a part of the Olympic program ever since the beginning in 1896, although its rules changed greatly before World War II, after which they were only slightly changed until the two major revisions of 1989 and 2005. The latter restricted the event to sport pistols, thereby banning .22 Short cartridges as well as encircling grips and low trigger-pull weight. This caused a decline in results: the pre-2005 world record was 597, while the present world record is 592.

Instead of dropping specialized rapid fire pistols, manufacturers designed new pistols, such as the Walther SSP, conforming to the standard pistol requirements, but optimized for the rapid fire event.

Course of fire[edit]

The centers of the targets are 75 cm apart, and the 10 score zone has a diameter of 10 cm.
When paper targets (as opposed to electronic scoring systems) are used, thin scoring rings are printed on the target. The thick aiming lines are present in both versions.

Traditionally, RFP competitions use paper targets that are able to turn 90 degrees to appear to the shooter and then turn back to disappear when the shooting time is up. During the last few decades, these targets have gradually been replaced by electronic devices which use red and green lights to indicate the beginning and the end of the shooting time, and which automatically handle late shots. As these systems are expensive, they are normally only used in international competitions.

A series (or string) consists of five shots fired at one target each within a limited time. The targets stand next to each other at a 25 m distance from the shooter. As with all ISSF pistol disciplines, all firing must be done with one unsupported hand. When the targets appear or when the green light comes on, the competitor must raise his arm from a 45 degree angle starting position and fire his five shots. If a shot is too late, it will score as a miss.

There are three different time limits for the series: 8 seconds, 6 seconds, and 4 seconds. A stage consists of two series of each type, and a full course of fire comprises two such stages, or a total of 60 shots. Since the targets are divided into concentric score zones with 10 being the most central part, the total maximum score is 600.

In major competitions, the top six shooters qualify for a final round of four additional 4-second series, using decimals of points. The results of the qualification round and the final are added together, and any ties are broken by firing an additional 4-second series.

World Championships, Men[edit]

This event was held in 1933–2010.

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1933 Spain Granada  Andre Charles Des Jamonnieres J. (FRA)  Cristobal Tauler Alos (ESP)  Luis Calvet Sandoz (ESP)
1935 Italy Rome  Walter Boninsegni (ITA)  Frantisek Pokorny (TCH)  Arturo Gonzalez Costello (ESP)
1937 Finland Helsinki  Karlis Klava (LAT)  Pranas Giedrimas (LTU)  Erik Ljungqvist (FIN)
1939 Switzerland Luzern  Torsten Ullman (SWE)  Cornelius van Oyen (GER)  Jonas Miliauskas (LTU)
1947 Sweden Stockholm  Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente (ARG)  Constantin Mylonas (GRE)  Sven Lundquist (SWE)
1949 Argentina Buenos Aires  Huelet Benner (USA)  Harry Wendell Reeves (USA)  Leonard Ravilo (FIN)
1952 Norway Oslo  Huelet Benner (USA)  Penait Calcai (ROM)  Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente (ARG)
1954 Venezuela Caracas  Nikolai Kalinichenko (URS)  William McMillan (USA)  Pentti Linnosvuo (FIN)
1958 Soviet Union Moscow  Aleksandr Kropotin (URS)  Alexander Zabelin (URS)  Stefan Petrescu (ROM)
1962 Egypt Cairo  Alexander Zabelin (URS)  Igor Bakalov (URS)  James Henderson McNally (USA)
1966 West Germany Wiesbaden  Virgil Atanasiu (ROM)  Jozef Zapedzki (POL)  Renart Suleimanov (URS)
1970 United States Phoenix  Giovanni Liverzani (ITA)  Ladislav Falta (TCH)  Weselin Petkov (BUL)
1974 Switzerland Thun  Alfred Radke (FRG)  Heinz Weissenberger (FRG)  Victor Torshin (URS)
1978 South Korea Seoul  Ove Gunnarsson (SWE)  Werner Beier (FRG)  Gerhard Petritsch (AUT)
1982 Venezuela Caracas  Igor Puzirev (URS)  Ove Gunnarsson (SWE)  Alfred Radke (FRG)
1986 East Germany Suhl  Adam Kaczmarek (POL)  Andrzej Macur (POL)  Ralf Schumann (GDR)
1990 Soviet Union Moscow  Ralf Schumann (GDR)  Miroslav Ignatiuk (URS)  Petri Eteläniemi (FIN)
1994 Italy Milan  Krzysztof Kucharczyk (POL)  Emil Milev (BUL)  Ralf Schumann (GER)
1998 Spain Barcelona  Ralf Schumann (GER)  Daniel Leonhard (GER)  Iulian Raicea (ROM)
2002 Finland Lahti  Marco Spangenberg (GER)  Ralf Schumann (GER)  Niki Marty (SUI)
2006 Croatia Zagreb  Penghui Zhang (CHN)  Zhongsheng Liu (CHN)  Sergei Alifirenko (RUS)
2010 Germany Munich  Alexei Klimov (RUS)  Zhang Jian (CHN)  Li Yuehong (CHN)
2014 Spain Granada TBD TBD TBD
2018 South Korea Changwon TBD TBD TBD

World Championships, Men Team[edit]

This event was held in 1937–2010.

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1937 Finland Helsinki Finland Finland
Vilho Elo
Erik Ljungqvist
Arvo Odenvall
Jaakko Rintanen
Sulo Cederström
Lithuania Lithuania
Pranas Giedrimas
Kazys Sruoga
Antanas Jelenskas
Antanas Karčiauskas
Antanas Mamžeika
Germany Germany
Fritz Bucherer
Funck H.
Hartwig W.
Jasper P.
Cornelius van Oyen
1939 Switzerland Luzern Hungary Hungary
Laszlo Badinszky
Lajos Borzsonyi Dr.
Ede Domby
Karoly Takacs
Laszlo Vadnay
Lithuania Lithuania
Pranas Giedrimas
Vladas Nakutis
Antanas Mamžeika
Jonas Miliauskas
Antanas Jelenskas
Germany Germany
Fritz Bucherer
Ludwig Leupold
Walter L.
Cornelius van Oyen
Zindel M.
1947 Sweden Stockholm Italy Italy
Ferdinando Bernini
Bertoni G.
Linari F.
Mazzavillani B.
Finland Finland
Väinö Heusala
Matti Kallio
Mauri Kuokka
Leonard Ravilo
Greece Greece
Evangelos Chryssafis
Angelos Papadimas
Constantin Mylonas
Georges Vichos
1949 Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina
Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente
Dionisio Fernandez
Oscar Rosendo Cervo
Enrique Furtado
Finland Finland
Väinö Heusala
Matti Kallio
Leonard Ravilo
Eino Saarnikko
United States United States of America
Huelet Benner
Hancock W.
Logie C.
Harry Wendell Reeves
1952 Norway Oslo United States United States of America
Huelet Benner
Walter Devine
William McMillan
Harry Wendell Reeves
Finland Finland
Väinö Heusala
Veli-Jussi Hölsö
Leonard Ravilo
Lauri Toikka
Argentina Argentina
Cabral G.
Oscar Rosendo Cervo
Schack E.
Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente
1954 Venezuela Caracas Soviet Union Soviet Union
Evgeni Cherkassov
Nikolai Kalinichenko
Victor Nasonov
Oleg Zhgutov
United States United States of America
Huelet Benner
William McMillan
Thomas Mitchell
Philip Clay Roettinger
Finland Finland
Väinö Heusala
Pentti Linnosvuo
Leonard Ravilo
Lauri Toikka
1958 Soviet Union Moscow Soviet Union Soviet Union
Evgeni Cherkassov
Aleksandr Kropotin
Victor Nasonov
Alexander Zabelin
United States United States of America
Huelet Benner
William McMillan
Miller D.
Aubrey Smith
Hungary Hungary
Aladar Dobsa
Jozsef Gyonyoru
Ferenc Kun
Karoly Takacs
1962 Egypt Cairo Soviet Union Soviet Union
Efim Haydurov
Igor Bakalov
Renart Suleimanov
Alexander Zabelin
United States United States of America
James Henderson McNally
William McMillan
Aubrey Smith
Cecil Wallis
Italy Italy
Ugo Amicosante
Giovanni Liverzani
Roberto Mazzoni
Sergio Varetto
1966 West Germany Wiesbaden Soviet Union Soviet Union
Igor Bakalov
Stanislav Frantsevski
Renart Suleimanov
Alexander Zabelin
Romania Romania
Virgil Atanasiu
Mihai Dumitriu
Marcel Roşca
Ion Tripşa
East Germany German Democratic Republic
Gerhard Feller
Gerhard Dommrich
Christian Duering
Lothar Pinnig
1970 United States Phoenix Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Ladislav Falta
Vladimir Hurt
Rudolf Kolinek
Lubomir Nacovsky
Romania Romania
Virgil Atanasiu
Dan Iuga
Marcel Rosca
Ion Tripsa
Italy Italy
Ugo Amicosante
Roberto Ferraris
Giovanni Liverzani
Silvano Mignardi
1974 Switzerland Thun Soviet Union Soviet Union
Yuri Alekhin
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Victor Torshin
Mikhail Ziubko
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Vladimir Hurt
Vladimir Hyka
Jan Kotora
Lubomir Nacovsky
Romania Romania
Virgil Atanasiu
Corneliu Ion
Marin Stan
Marcel Rosca
1978 South Korea Seoul West Germany Federal Republic of Germany
Werner Beier
Alfred Radke
Helmut Seeger
Heinz Weissenberger
Italy Italy
Rolando Comazzetto
Roberto Ferraris
Gianfranco Mantelli
Alberto Sevieri
Sweden Sweden
Curt Andersson
Ove Gunnarsson
Boo Levin
Ragnar Skanåker
1982 Venezuela Caracas Soviet Union Soviet Union
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Igor Puzirev
Sergei Rysev
Vladimir Vokhmianin
Romania Romania
Gratian Calota
Corneliu Ion
Suliu V.
Marin Stan
Hungary Hungary
Laszlo Orban
Laszlo Nemeth
Gabor Plank
Istvan Szalai
1986 East Germany Suhl Soviet Union Soviet Union
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Oleg Tkachov
Vladimir Vokhmianin
Hungary Hungary
Csaba Hell
Zoltan Kovacs
Laszlo Orban
East Germany German Democratic Republic
Roger Herzig
Peter Schumann
Juergen Wiefel
1990 Soviet Union Moscow Soviet Union Soviet Union
Miroslav Ignatiuk
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Victor Torshin
Hungary Hungary
László Balogh
Zoltan Kovacs
Lajos Palinkas
Switzerland Switzerland
Otto Keller
Anton Kuechler
Hansrudolf Schneider
1994 Italy Milan Poland Poland
Adam Kaczmarek
Andrzej Macur
Krzysztof Kucharczyk
China People's Republic of China
Gang Meng
Runxi Wang
Ruimin Zhang
Hungary Hungary
Istvan Jambrik
Sandor Kacsko
Lajos Palinkas
1998 Spain Barcelona Germany Germany
Ralf Schumann
Daniel Leonhard
Lars Uehlin
China People's Republic of China
Haiping Ji
Penghui Zhang
Gang Meng
Japan Japan
Shoichi Uenosono
Tomohiro Kida
Shuji Tazawa
2002 Finland Lahti Germany Germany
Ralf Schumann
Marco Spangenberg
Klaus-Dieter Schmidt
China People's Republic of China
Haiping Ji
Guohui Liu
Penghui Zhang
Ukraine Ukraine
Oleg Tkachov
Roman Bondaruk
Taras Magmet
2006 Croatia Zagreb China People's Republic of China
Penghui Zhang
Zhongsheng Liu
Guohui Liu
Russia Russia
Sergei Alifirenko
Sergei Poliakov
Alexei Klimov
Italy Italy
Marco Liberato
Riccardo Mazzetti
Nicola Nello Pizzi
2010 Germany Munich China People's Republic of China
Zhang Jian
Li Yuehong
Ding Feng
Russia Russia
Alexei Klimov
Leonid Ekimov
Dmitry Brayko
United States United States
Brad Balsley
Keith Sanderson
Emil Milev
2014 Spain Granada TBD TBD TBD
2018 South Korea Changwon TBD TBD TBD

World Championships, total medals[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  USSR 12 3 2 17
2  Germany 4 3 3 10
3  United States 3 5 3 11
4  China 3 5 1 9
5  Poland 3 2 0 5
6  Italy 3 1 3 7
7  West Germany 2 2 1 5
8  Sweden 2 1 2 5
9  Argentina 2 0 2 4
10  Romania 1 4 3 8
11  Finland 1 3 5 9
12  Czechoslovakia 1 3 0 4
13  Hungary 1 2 3 6
14  Russia 1 2 1 4
15  East Germany 1 0 3 4
16  France 1 0 0 1
16  Latvia 1 0 0 1
18  Lithuania 0 3 1 4
19  Spain 0 1 2 3
20  Bulgaria 0 1 1 2
20  Greece 0 1 1 2
22   Switzerland 0 0 2 2
23  Austria 0 0 1 1
23  Japan 0 0 1 1
23  Ukraine 0 0 1 1
Total 42 42 42 126

Current world records[edit]

Current world records in 25 metre rapid fire pistol
Men Qualification 592  Alexei Klimov (RUS) August 3, 2012 London (UK) edit
Final (Provisional until end of 2013) 34  Christian Reitz (GER)
 Alexei Klimov (RUS)
 Teruyoshi Akiyama (JPN)
 Leuris Pupo (CUB)
May 19, 2012
May 19, 2012
May 25, 2012
August 3, 2012
Milan (ITA)
Milan (ITA)
Munich (GER)
London (GBR)
edit
Teams 1749  China (Zhang J., Li Y., Ding F.) August 6, 2010 Munich (GER) edit
Junior Men Individual 588  Ding Feng (CHN) April 5, 2007 Fort Benning (USA) edit
Teams 1716  Germany (Moses, Reitz, Wagenitz) July 5, 2005 Belgrade (SCG) edit

Olympic and World Champions[edit]

The dominant shooter of the event has been Ralf Schumann of Germany with a total of five major World-leve Championship titles, with three Olympic gold medals and two Individual World titles. He is also the only shooter who has won a particular Olympic event three times, and is the first of three shooters to have won three individual Olympic titles. Karoly Takacs and Jozef Zapedzki also won two consecutive Olympic titles. Huelet Benner won two consecutive World Championships.

A rare double is that between this rapid fire event and its direct opposite 50 metre pistol; this has only been accomplished by Alfred Lane (completed in 1912), Torsten Ullman (1939), Huelet Benner (1952) and Pentti Linnosvuo (1964), with Lane (both events at the 1912 Olympics) and Linnosvuo using only Olympic titles. Benner, on the other hand, is the only shooter with two titles in both events.

Year Venue Individual Team
1896 Athens  Ioannis Frangoudis (GRE)
Alfred Lane at the 1912 Olympics
1900 Paris  Maurice Larrouy (FRA)
1912 Stockholm  Alfred Lane (USA) Sweden
1920 Antwerp  Guilherme Paraense (BRA) United States
1924 Paris  Henry Bailey (USA)
1932 Los Angeles  Renzo Morigi (ITA)
1933 Granada  Charles des Jammonières (FRA)
1935 Rome  Walter Boninsegni (ITA)
1936 Berlin  Cornelius van Oyen (GER)
1937 Helsinki  Karlis Klava (LAT)  Finland
1939 Luzern  Torsten Ullman (SWE)  Hungary
1947 Stockholm  Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente (ARG)  Italy
1948 London  Károly Takács (HUN)
1949 Buenos Aires  Huelet Benner (USA)  Argentina
1952 Oslo  Huelet Benner (USA)  United States
1952 Helsinki  Károly Takács (HUN)
1954 Caracas  Nikolai Kalinichenko (URS)  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne  Ştefan Petrescu (ROU)
1958 Moscow  Alexander Kropotin (URS)  Soviet Union
Károly Takács, the first double Olympic Champion, competing in 1961
1960 Rome  William McMillan (USA)
1962 Cairo  Alexander Zabelin (URS)  Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo  Pentti Linnosvuo (FIN)
1966 Wiesbaden  Virgil Atanasiu (ROU)  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City  Józef Zapędzki (POL)
1970 Phoenix  Giovanni Liverzani (ITA)  Czechoslovakia
1972 Munich  Józef Zapędzki (POL)
1974 Thun  Alfred Radke (FRG)  Soviet Union
1976 Montreal  Norbert Klaar (GDR)
1978 Seoul  Ove Gunnarsson (SWE)  West Germany
1980 Moscow  Corneliu Ion (ROU)
1982 Caracas  Igor Puzirev (URS)  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles  Takeo Kamachi (JPN)
1986 Suhl  Adam Kaczmarek (POL)  Soviet Union
1988 Seoul  Afanasijs Kuzmins (URS)
1990 Moscow  Ralf Schumann (GDR)  Soviet Union Juniors
1992 Barcelona  Ralf Schumann (GER) Individual Team
1994 Milan  Krzysztof Kucharczyk (POL)  Poland  Joseph Gonzalez (USA)  Germany
1996 Atlanta  Ralf Schumann (GER)
1998 Barcelona  Ralf Schumann (GER)  Germany  Jorge Llames (ESP)  Germany
2000 Sydney  Sergei Alifirenko (RUS)
2002 Lahti  Marco Spangenberg (GER)  Germany  Martin Behrendt (GER)  Germany
2004 Athens  Ralf Schumann (GER)
2006 Zagreb  Zhang Penghui (CHN)  China  Christian Reitz (GER)  Russia
2008 Beijing  Oleksandr Petriv (UKR)
2010 Munich  Alexei Klimov (RUS)  China  Zhou Zhiguo (CHN)  China
2012 London  Leuris Pupo (CUB)

External links[edit]