Federations founded the union, soon to be called Union International de Tir (UIT) (French for the International Shooting Union and sometimes referred to in English as the ISU). This was the name until the current name was adapted in 1998.
Over the years, the ISSF has distanced itself from connotations of non-sportive uses of guns. This has included changing over from human-shaped targets to circular ones. The only official ISSF target still depicting a live creature is the wild boar image used in 50 metre running target. Following this path, in 2000 the ISSF issued a decree, prohibiting any ISSF members from "cooperating" with the International Practical Shooting Confederation (IPSC) and from participating in any practical shooting activities. Regarding, contrary to the IPSC's own view, practical shooting as closer to combat training than actual shooting sports, the ISSF has also discouraged accepting the IPSC into the Olympic movement, in part because in the opinion of the Secretary General of the ISSF, IPSC "rivalled the activities of the ISSF.
The ISSF World Cup four times a year plus a final (Olympic events only)
Regional championships, such as the European Championships or the Pan-American Games, with regularity that is decided on the regional level
These are the only competitions that have direct supervision from ISSF committees, and the only competitions where world records can be set. This leads to many national records in fact being higher than the world records.