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This article is about the year 859. For the number, see 859 (number).
|Centuries:||8th century – 9th century – 10th century|
|Decades:||820s 830s 840s – 850s – 860s 870s 880s|
|Years:||856 857 858 – 859 – 860 861 862|
|859 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1612|
|Bahá'í calendar||−985 – −984|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3555 or 3495
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
3556 or 3496
|- Vikram Samvat||915–916|
|- Shaka Samvat||781–782|
|- Kali Yuga||3960–3961|
|Igbo calendar||−141 – −140|
|Japanese calendar||Ten'an 3 / Jōgan 1
|Minguo calendar||1053 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1402|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 859.|
- January 15 – Battle of Saint-Quentin, Aisne: Humfrid defeats Louis the German.
- Iberian peninsula: Battle of Abelda: the Asturians defeat the Muslims.. The same year, Viking raiders attack the region and burn the mosques of Sevilla and Algesiras, they also sack the western coasts of Spain (known as al-Sharq al-Andalus) and the Balearic Islands.
- The Russian city of Novgorod is first mentioned in the chronicles.
- The University of Al Karaouine is founded in Fes, Morocco (recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest university in the world).
- date unknown – King Rudolph I of Burgundy (died 912)
- March 11 – Saint Eulogius of Córdoba, Christian martyr (executed)
- September 7 – Emperor Xuānzong of Tang
- December 13 – Angilbert II, Archbishop of Milan