Abingdon was a rural district in the administrative county of Berkshire from 1894 to 1974.
It was formed under the Local Government Act 1894 based on that part of the Abingdon rural sanitary district which was in Berkshire (the Oxfordshire part forming Culham Rural District). It nearly entirely surrounded, but did not include, the municipal borough of Abingdon, and in the north was close to Oxford.
It was abolished in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and merged with other districts to form the new Vale of White Horse, which was in the new non-metropolitan county of Oxfordshire.
The district contained the following civil parishes during its existence:
- ^ Frederic A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Volume I: Southern England, London, 1979
Coordinates: 51°41′N 1°20′W / 51.68°N 1.34°W