Holy Trinity parish church
West Hendred shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||385 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||West Hendred|
|District||Vale of the White Horse|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||West Hendred Parish Council|
West Hendred is downland village, its parish stretching from the Ridgeway in the south through the spring line and meadows to the former marshland of the Oxfordshire plain in the north. The parish is about 2,000 acres (810 ha) in area and 6 miles (10 km) long, but only being about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) wide at the widest point. This is an example of a downland linear parish encompassing a wide variety of land types – chalk downland, greensand on the spring line and clay to the north.
The parish includes the hamlet of East Ginge, which is immediately below the Downs which includes Ginge Manor, home of the Annabel Astor, Viscountess Astor, mother of Samantha Cameron. Neighbouring hamlet West Ginge, however, is in the parish of Lockinge. Both of the hamlets have populations less than 30, although records from the 1881 and 1901 censuses show that they were more extensive with several occupied farms up to the Downs.
The earliest reference to West Hendred is the granting of several hides of land to thegn Brihtric by Eadwig in AD 955 and by Edgar the Peaceful in AD 964 to Abingdon Abbey In 1538 Corpus Christi College, Oxford became the Lord of the Manor. The college still owns considerable land in the village and surrounding area.
The Church of England parish church of the Holy Trinity is a 13th-century building on the site of a former wooden Saxon church, with small flying buttresses and a series of carved sundials on the wall outside. The most notable historical element of the church is the floor tiling. These are good examples, if worn, of medieval tiles. Holy Trinity is a Grade I listed building as it is predominantly representative of one phase of building.
The last head teacher of the parish school, from 1945 to 1967, was E.A.G. Prosser. In 1967 the school was closed and combined with East Hendred in new premises.
- "Area selected: Vale of White Horse (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
- "Area map". Vale of White Horse District Council. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 302–307.
- The Hare at Hendred
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 302–307.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 264.
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