Botley, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates: 51°45′00″N 1°17′53″W / 51.750°N 1.298°W / 51.750; -1.298

Botley
Seacourt Tower.jpg
Seacourt Tower
Old Botley houses - geograph.org.uk - 1510167.jpg
Old houses in Botley
Botley is located in Oxfordshire
Botley
Botley
 Botley shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SP483060
Civil parish North Hinksey
District Vale of White Horse
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Oxford
Postcode district OX2
Dialling code 01865
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Oxford West and Abingdon
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Botley is a village in the civil parish of North Hinksey, just west of the Oxford city boundary in the English county of Oxfordshire. It adjoins the intersection of the A34 and A420 to its north and was in Berkshire until 1974.

Topography[edit]

Botley, aside from central offices and a modest row of stores, is a residential suburb of Oxford. Generally house prices are above average for the Oxford area, from average in its east (similar to much of Dean Court), to very expensive towards where the settlement adjoins Cumnor Hill, in its south.[1]

It lies, apart from a small section which is southeast, southwest of the junction between the A34 (Oxford ring road) and the A420 westward to Swindon.[2]

The contiguous neighbourhood Dean Court adjoins Botley to its west, in the Cumnor civil parish. The other settlements which merge into this settlement are North Hinksey and Cumnor Hill.[2]

Elevations range from 56m on the Hinksey Stream marking much of the eastern border to the western border which ranges from 80 to 120m AOD from north to south. The southern point is a border of Cumnor Hill and adjoins Matthew Arnold School (Oxford).

Landmarks and economy[edit]

The Westway Parade

Botley shops comprise Elms Parade and a relatively small precinct called West Way, a small retail complex.

The various large office buildings along the main road include Seacourt Tower, known locally as "Botley Cathedral" owing to its small metal spire, originally built in 1965–66 as a car showroom and garage to a design by Beecher and Stamford.[3] It remains in the ownership of Hartwell Ford.

Religion[edit]

Botley's Church of England church of St Peter and St Paul on West Way, built in 1958 is one of four in its benefice which reaches outside the historic ecclesiastical parish to include St. Frideswide, Oxford and St. Margaret of Antioch, Binsey and has close ties to other denominations including the Calvery Chapel, the Botley Baptist and Roman Catholic Churches.[4]

History[edit]

Botley was first settled in the Saxon era. Its toponym comes from Old English, meaning a woodland clearing of a man called Bota.[5] It has since inception fallen within the parish of North Hinksey, and so was historically in the county of Berkshire, as marked in its northern half by the Vale of White Horse district boundary on the map. Because the main road west out of Oxford has passed through Botley since the 16th century, development since then was centred here rather than in the village of North Hinksey itself, slightly further south east. From the 1880s the centre of the village began to be called Old Botley, in distinction to the New Botley development along Botley Road in Oxford.[6] The name Old Botley is preserved in a street set back from the main road. The major development which began in the 1930s took place to the west, beyond the current ring road.

To the north of Botley was the lost village of Seacourt. The site of the former village is in neighbouring Wytham parish, but it is commemorated in Botley in the names of Seacourt Tower and the Seacourt Bridge public house.

Localities[edit]

New Botley[edit]

A park and ride site is closest to Botley itself in the much narrower New Botley which is confined by low-lying playing fields, an allotment site and river meadows on the north and south sides. Immediately east is the seven arches bridge, which is listed[7] and parish church of Osney, City of Oxford, to the north side of that section is a golf driving range and on the south side, the large Osney Industrial Park.

Famous inhabitants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Property heat maps
  2. ^ a b Grid square map Ordnance survey website
  3. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, p. 333
  4. ^ Church of England Clare Sykes, Rector introduction to the church and benefice
  5. ^ Hanson, 1995, page 7
  6. ^ Hanson, 1995, page 26
  7. ^ Seven Arches Bridge English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1047337)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ Browning, Maps of my life (London: Square Peg, 2008), chapters 7 and 9.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]