Abydos King List

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The start of the king list, showing Seti and his son - Ramesses II - on the way to making an offering to Ptah-Seker-Osiris, on behalf of their 72 ancestors - the contents of the king list. Ramesses is depicted holding censers.

The Abydos King List, also known as the Abydos Table, is a list of the names of seventy-six kings of Ancient Egypt, found on a wall of the Temple of Seti I at Abydos, Egypt. It consists of three rows of thirty-eight cartouches (borders enclosing the name of a king) in each row. The upper two rows contain names of the kings, while the third row merely repeats Seti I's throne name and praenomen.

Besides providing the order of the Old Kingdom kings, it is the sole source to date of the names of many of the kings of the Seventh and Eighth Dynasties, so the list is valued greatly for that reason.

This list omits the names of many earlier pharaohs who were apparently considered illegitimate — such as Akhenaten, Hatshepsut, Smenkhkare, Tutankhamen, and Ay.

Contents of the king list[edit]

Drawing of the cartouches in the Abydos King List.

First Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 1 to 8 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 1 to 8 (Click to enlarge)
1 Meni. Probably King Narmer. Menes
2 Teti. Same name in Turin King List. Hor-Aha
3 Iti. Same name in Turin King List. Djer
4 Ita. Called Itui in Turin King List. Djet
5 Septi. Called Qenti in Turin King List. Den
6 Meribiap. Called Merbiapen in Turin King List. Anedjib
7 Semsu. Called Semsem in Turin King List. Semerkhet.
8 Qebeh. Same name in Turin King List. Qa'a.

Second Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 9 to 14 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 9 to 14 (Click to enlarge)
9 Bedjau. Called Baunetjer in Turin King List. Hotepsekhemwy
10 Kakau. Same name in Turin King List. Raneb
11 Banetjer. Same name in Turin King List. Ninetjer
12 Wadjnas. Name damaged in Turin King List. Weneg
13 Sendi. Called Senedj in Turn King List. Senedj
14 Djadjay. Called Bebti in Turin King List. Khasekhemwy

Third Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 15 to 19 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 15 to 19 (Click to enlarge)
15 Nebka. Same name in Turin King List. Sanakhte
16 Djeser-za. Djoser-it in Turin King List. Djoser
17 Teti. Djoser-ti in Turin King List. Sekhemkhet
18 Sedjes. Hudjefa in Turin King List. Khaba
19 Neferkara. Huni in Turin King List. Huni

Fourth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 20 to 25 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 20 to 25 (Click to enlarge)
20 Sneferu. Senefer in Turin King List. Sneferu
21 Khufu. Name missing in Turin King List. Khufu
22 Djedefre. Name missing in Turin King List. Djedefre
23 Khafra. Incomplete name in Turin King List Khafra
24 Menkaura. Name missing in Turin King List. Menkaura
25 Shepseskaf. Name missing in Turin King List. Shepseskaf

Fifth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 26 to 33 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 26 to 33 (Click to enlarge)
26 Userkaf. Name incomplete in Turin King List. Userkaf
27 Sahure. Missing in Turing King List. Sahure
28 Kakai Neferirkare Kakai
29 Neferefre Neferefre
30 Nyuserre Nyuserre Ini
31 Menkauhor Menkauhor Kaiu
32 Djedkare. Djed in Turin King List. Djedkare Isesi
33 Unis. Same name in Turin King List. Unas

Sixth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 34 to 39 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 34 to 39 (Click to enlarge)
34 Teti Teti
35 Userkare Userkare
36 Meryre Pepi I Meryre
37 Merenre Merenre Nemtyemsaf II
38 Neferkare Pepi II Neferkare
39 Merenre Saemsaf Merenre Nemtyemsaf II

Seventh/Eighth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 40 to 47 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 40 to 47 (Click to enlarge)
40 Netjerikare Netjerkare
41 Menkare Menkare
42 Neferkare Neferkare II
43 Neferkare Neby Neferkare Neby
44 Djedkare Shemai Djedkare Shemai
45 Neferkare Khendu Neferkare Khendu
46 Merenhor Merenhor
47 Sneferka Neferkamin
Cartouches 48 to 56 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 48 to 56 (Click to enlarge)
48 Nikare Nikare
49 Neferkare Tereru Neferkare Tereru
50 Neferkahor Neferkahor
51 Neferkare Pepiseneb Neferkare Pepiseneb
52 Sneferka Anu Neferkamin Anu
53 Kaukara Qakare Ibi
54 Neferkaure Neferkaure II
55 Neferkauhor Neferkauhor
56 Neferirkare Neferirkare

Eleventh/Twelfth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 57 to 61 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 57 to 61 (Click to enlarge)
57 Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II
58 Sankhkare Mentuhotep III
59 Sehetepibre Amenemhat I
60 Kheperkare Senusret I
61 Nebukaure Amenemhat II
Cartouches 62 to 65 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 62 to 65 (Click to enlarge)
62 Khakeperre Senusret II
63 Khakaure Senusret III
64 Nemaatre Amenemhat III
65 Maakherure Amenemhat IV

Eighteenth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 66 to 74 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 66 to 74 (Click to enlarge)
66 Nebpehtira Ahmose I
67 Djeserkara Amenhotep I
68 Aakheperkara Thutmose I
69 Aakheperenra Thutmose II
70 Menkheperra Thutmose III
71 Aakheperura Amenhotep II
72 Menkheperura Thutmose IV
73 Nebmaatra Amenhotep III
74 Djeserkheperura
Setepenra
Haremheb

Nineteenth Dynasty[edit]

Cartouches 75 and 76 Name written in the list Common name
Cartouches 75 and 76 (Click to enlarge)
75 Menpehtira Ramesses I
76 Menmaatra Seti I

See also[edit]

External links[edit]