Amenemhat IV

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See Amenemhat, for other individuals with this name.
Amenemhat IV
Ammenemes
Small gneiss sphinx inscribed with the name of Amenemhat IV, on display at the British Museum.
Small gneiss sphinx inscribed with the name of Amenemhat IV, on display at the British Museum.
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign 1815–1806 BC, 12th Dynasty
Predecessor Amenemhat III
Successor Sobekneferu
Children uncertain, possibly Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep and Sonbef[2]
Father Amenemhat III (?)
Mother Hetepti
Died 1806 BC

Amenemhat IV, or Amenemhet IV was Pharaoh of Egypt, likely ruling between ca. 1815 BC and ca. 1806 BC.[2] He served first as the junior coregent of Amenemhat III[3] and completed the latter's temple at Medinet Maadi,[4] which is "the only intact temple still existing from the Middle Kingdom" according to Zahi Hawass,a former Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA).[5] The temple's foundations, administrative buildings, granaries and residences were recently uncovered by an Egyptian archaeological expedition in early 2006. Amenemhat IV likely also built a temple in the northeastern Fayum at Qasr el-Sagha.

The Turin Canon papyrus records a reign of 9 Years 3 months and 27 days for Amenemhat IV.[6] He served the first year of his reign as the junior co-regent to his powerful predecessor, Amenemhat III, according to a rock graffito in Nubia. His short reign was relatively peaceful and uneventful; several dated expeditions were recorded at the Serabit el-Khadim mines in the Sinai. It was after his death that the gradual decline of the Middle Kingdom is thought to have begun.

Amenemhat may have died without a male heir, though it is possible that the first two rulers of the next dynasty, Sobekhotep I and Amenemhat Senebef were his sons.[7] He was succeeded by his half-sister (or perhaps his aunt) Sobeknefru, who became the first woman to rule Egypt since Merneith of the 1st dynasty, some 1200 years earlier. He may have been Sobeknefru's spouse but no historical evidence currently substantiates this theory.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Digital Egypt for Universities: Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BCE)
  2. ^ a b Kim S. B. Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, c.1800-1550 B.C., Museum Tusculanum Press 1997, p.185
  3. ^ Ryholt, p.212
  4. ^ Dieter Arnold, The Encyclopaedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, B.Tauris 2002, p.145
  5. ^ Middle East Times: Egypt finds clue to ancient temple's secret
  6. ^ Ryholt, p.15
  7. ^ Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.102

Further reading[edit]

  • W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History,Archaeology and Society, Duckworth, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 61
  • Shaw, Ian. Nicholson, Paul: The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers. 1995.

External links[edit]